Zierquitte: care and cutting - Is it poisonous or edible?


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Zierquitte: care and cutting - Is it poisonous or edible?: cutting

Intense colored flowers, a dense, lush growth and even the fruits are decorative - the quirk attracts by its beauty looks - and is extremely easy to maintain. Of course, some factors must be taken into account so that the thorny plant from East Asia can unfold in all its glory. With the right knowledge, the culture is also easily possible for beginners in garden maintenance. The following instructions show how to do it.

Location

Light-spoiled and sunny - that's what the location for the quilting should look like. In its Asian homeland, the pseudorandom also grows in bright places, so that they receive plenty of heat in addition to plenty of light. Ideal are therefore the south side and places that are at least a little protected from cold winds, so for example near walls and walls.

substratum

Nutrient-rich, loamy and profound should be the substrate for the ornamental quince. High-quality garden soil with mixed, mature compost, stable manure and if necessary loam powder is optimal. If the garden soil is already loamy, only compost or manure should be added for the nutrient supply. It is also advisable to first dig up the soil at the planting site and to introduce the fertilizer at least four weeks before planting. As a result, the nutrients can be distributed and set and already processed by the soil organisms.

plants

The ornamental quince can be planted either in autumn or spring. So in April or October. Experience has shown that the mauve quince gets better planting in October, as it can then grow over the winter and partly bloom in the first spring. The soil is prepared as described and then poured all over so that the roots get an incentive to grow in depth. A frost-free and dry day should be chosen to put the ornamental quince in the garden. The planting distance depends on the intended use. As a solitary plant it should be about two meters. As a hedge, the planting distance should be only one meter. With smaller variants of the ornamental quince it may even be an even smaller distance. Here, an orientation should be made to the growth width of the shrub.

Culture in the bucket

Ornamental Quince - Chaenomeles

Smaller queues, such as the Japanese Quince, are also wonderful for the culture in the bucket - at least during the first years or with a regular blend. However, it is important to ensure that:
  • The planter should be as high as possible to give the deep roots sufficient space
  • adequate and regular watering takes place, especially if the ornamental quince is covered
  • the substrate is selected according to nutrient rich and regularly fertilized or changed
The culture in the bucket thus requires a little more effort than free in the garden. In addition, when selecting the planter should be paid attention to how high and wide the selected ornamental quince species. The larger the bucket at the beginning compared to the pseudo quince, the lower the maintenance costs and the longer can be waited with the first repot.

to water

Occasional drought keeps the quail good, but it should not last too long. Casting is therefore required after planting as needed when the substrate in the uppermost layers is dry. However, it should - especially in the culture in the tub - waterlogging be avoided. So it has to be taken care of a good water flow.
For substrates which tend to compact, a drainage layer of gravel may also be introduced. Coarse gravel or pottery shards on the bottom of the pot are ideal for the culture in the planter.
Tip: To prevent drying out, especially at high temperatures and with little precipitation, a thick layer of bark mulch can be applied to the substrate. The pouring effort is reduced. However, then should be checked more often, whether the earth still contains enough moisture.

Fertilize

The first nutrient supply should be done as mentioned already in plants. After that the quirks are frugal. Annual fertilizer inputs are usually not necessary. If growth and flowering subsides, a second dose of mature compost or manure can be given. The fertilizer is applied to the substrate around the shrub and then easily incorporated into the soil. In addition, it should be watered so that the nutrients can spread and penetrate directly deep into the earth. Experience has shown that fertilizer cultivation must be done a little more frequently in the container culture. Alternatively, the ornamental quince can be repotted into fresh and nutrient-rich soil.

blend

The Zierquitte is well cut compatible and is therefore also ideal as a hedge plant. It can be kept very narrow and makes only a few, general claims to the blend. including:
  • clean cutting tool to prevent infection
  • Blend in the morning on a dry day so that the interfaces can dry off quickly
  • Remove as much as necessary, as little as possible

Ornamental Quince - Chaenomeles

Although the quince quince tolerates a cut well, it does not necessarily need it. In addition, this care measure usually falls victim to many flowers. It should be noted, therefore, above all, that the ornamental quince flowers on biennial wood. If you want to maintain the flowering power, you can only lightly clear the shrub and only remove older, balding branches - but then as close to the ground as possible. The ideal time is around March or April, before the first shoot.
Tip: The ornamental Quince tends to fast balding, which is why a cutback of old shoots to just above the floor has a rejuvenating effect and receives the flowering power.

proliferation

In the propagation of ornamental quince there are two possibilities. On the one hand the use of the seeds. However, this is tedious and often unsuccessful. More recommendable is therefore the propagation of cuttings.
The procedure is as follows:

1. In the spring with the onset of the first sprouting or at the latest in June, each about 20 centimeters long shoot tips are cut off.

2. The tips should be cut as diagonally as possible, so that a large cutting surface is present. In well-leafed shoots, the lower leaves are removed.

3. The shoots are stuck with the cut surface first about five inches deep in soil. For this purpose, cultivation soil can be used or the same substrate used as for the adult decorative quince.

4. Until the formation of roots, the cuttings are regularly poured lightly to prevent drying of the substrate.

However, if you still want to try multiplication by seed, free the seeds from the pulp and store them cool over the winter - for example, in the fridge. Then they are placed on cultivation soil, lightly covered with substrate and can be put on a sunny windowsill from March. Moist and held covered with a plastic wrap, they should show first germs after a few weeks. To avoid mold and stagnation, the planter is either placed in a moist, warm place or the cover made of foil daily removed and ventilated.

Toxic or edible?

quince fruit

The ornamental quince is a rose plant, however, its fruits are referred to as apples - and are actually edible. Pure and raw, however, they prove to be very hard. The squeezed juice can be used similar to lemon juice and the fruits are used to boil jam. Due to the low sugar and high pectin content, they are also great for combinations with sweet fruits when cooking.

harvest

The fruits of the ornamental quince ripen very slowly. Only in the autumn they are slowly harvestable. Indications are a golden yellow to reddish color and a very aromatic smell. If harvested now and before the first frost, they will stay in a cool and dark place for several weeks or even months.
If you like it a little sweeter, wait with the harvest until the first frost. Then removed, the ornamental quince fruits but should be processed quickly. They are only stable for a few days.
Tip: If some apples stick to the quince quince, they are used by birds as food.
Conclusion
The ornamental quince is an easy-care shrub that will not overtax even beginners in garden maintenance. Neither fertilization nor a waste is needed. The plant can be planted as a single shrub or hedge and gives pleasure for a long time without requiring much effort.

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