Create flower meadow - flower varieties and care tips

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Flower meadows are characterized by their biodiversity and a colorful flower and plant splendor. Far away from over-fertilization and lawn mowers, these meadows are often the last refuge for a variety of endangered plant and animal species. The valuable biotopes enjoy in the meantime, an increasing popularity among hobby gardeners. But a flower meadow is much more than just a wild, sprawling lawn. It takes a lot of planning and preparation to turn your own garden into a lush flowery landscape.
An oasis of flowers
A colorfully blooming landscape not only pleases your own eye, but also provides useful insects such as bees, bumblebees, ladybugs and butterflies an ideal retreat. All the characteristics of a well-tended ornamental lawn take a backseat, creating a colorful and wildly mixed plant oasis. Flower meadows are not only a biotope for a multitude of endangered plant and animal species. Even the hobby gardener can sit back and relax and enjoy the wildly proliferating beauty. Quite different than you normally know it from ornamental and sports turf, a certain growth height of the flower meadow is even expressly desired. The lawnmower may therefore quite often take a longer break during the summer.
Depending on the soil conditions and the respective location, a rich, moist or lean meadow is suitable for the lush flowering landscape. All three variants differ in the biodiversity of the plants. Meager meadows often grow to well over 60 different varieties of flowers, grasses and herbs. Fat meadows, on the other hand, are characterized by a high nutrient and moisture content of the soil. On wet meadows almost only moisture-loving plant species are to be found. If you have been pouring and fertilizing frequently in summer, then you should fall back on a meager meadow. Accordingly, it is also necessary to prepare the soil and to buy the right seed.
Create flower meadow
To transform a Nutzbeet or a fallow garden area into a colorful oasis, only little effort is necessary. In a dry and lean soil, you should completely dispense with the application of fertilizer. Even humus and compost are taboo when stacking and processing the area. The nutrient-poorer the substrate, the more plant species thrive on it. Already one year before you can plant strong-consuming plants such as tomatoes, spinach or potatoes. Even if the harvest yield is significantly lower: Do not supply the plants with nutrients. Because an emaciation of the soil should be brought about purposefully. Tip: Many flowers, herbs and grasses prefer a high lime content in the soil. For this, add sand or slaked lime to the substrate before sowing the plants.
The necessary steps to create a flower meadow from a lawn are in the eyes of many hobby gardeners a crime. Because unlike the fight against weeds and moss you have to counteract the dense growth of the grass plants themselves. To remove nutrients from the soil, follow these steps:

  1. Mow the grass as often as possible.
  2. Avoid mulching.
  3. Adjust fertilizer.
  4. Apply larger quantities of sand.
However, you will reach your destination faster if you dig up the soil over a large area. At the same time remove the roots of the unwanted turf plants and work sand and lime under the substrate. In an intensively groomed lawn you will also achieve good results, if you completely remove the top 10 cm. There are most, for a flower meadow unwanted, nutrients available.
Sowing and care
The best time to apply the seed mixtures is between April and June. Before sowing the seeds, the soil should be thoroughly prepared again. This means that withered lawn plants, moss pads and tall weeds must first be removed with a rake.
  1. Sufficiently soil the soil.
  2. Coarsely remove dead lawn plants or weeds.
  3. Level floor area with a rake.
Do not spread the seeds over a large area, but work them a few millimeters deep into the soil. Not all plants are among the light-germinating species, also prevent by this measure, a flying away of the seeds by gusts of wind. How many seeds you need per square meter can be found in the leaflet. Maximum should be about 10 grams. Keep the soil sufficiently moist for a few weeks.
Flower meadows are extremely sensitive and should be entered as little as possible, if possible. This is especially true for the time between sowing and germination. But even with older green areas massive damage can occur when crossing. For this purpose, lay small paths of gravel or stone slabs.
Several years can pass before the flower meadow shows its full splendor and diversity of species. In the first months after sowing you should still mow as usual. This ensures that the roots of perennial plants strengthen and unwanted weeds no chance to proliferate. Over time, the pruning is reduced to a maximum of 2 to 3 times a year. Meager meadows should even be mown only once a year, preferably in September. The depth of the cutting height is between 8 and 10 cm. Harvest the clippings and dispose of them over the compost.
Flower varieties
Which type of seed is suitable for flowering meadows depends on the respective soil conditions. For example, marsh marigolds thrive exclusively on wet meadows, while wild orchids and heather carnations need a lean substrate. However, some flower varieties are extremely robust and can cope with almost any type of soil. Access native wildflower species. Because these are usually perennial and multiply themselves by sowing and Wurzelausläufer.
  • rich meadows: Dandelion, cowslip, cocksfoot, common horn clover, meadow parsnip, meadow sorrel, lady's mantle, meadow bellflower, meadow sage, cranesbill, plantain, meadow-bellflower, meadow chervil, lab herb, meadow marguerite
  • Leucanthemum: White Stonecrop, Common Yarrow, White Meadow Sage, Cornflower, Corn Poppy, Helmet Orchid, Bluebell, Mushroom Herb, Purple Orchid, Sainfoin, Bocks Tail, Heather Cloves, Pyramidal Orchid, Campion, Wood Bird
  • wetlands: Trollblumen, Gilbweiderich, Wasserdost, Pfeifengras, marsh marigolds, cabbage thistles, bloodroot, Teufelsabbiss, Färberscharte, marsh flat pea, meadow Silge
Conclusion of the editorship
Flowering meadows are ecologically valuable, a variety of endangered plant and animal species find here an ideal habitat. But the colorful landscape also has some advantages for hobby gardeners. Thus, for example, eliminates the regular pruning of grass plants, the supply of nutrients may have a rather counterproductive effect here. Before you can relax and watch bees, butterflies and bumblebees at work, you have to create the basics for your own flower meadow. Such a small biotope should not be missing in any garden. Those who do not want to sacrifice their ornamental lawns: Flower meadows are not subject to any particular size. Because even on smaller, often unnoticed areas in the garden, you can seed seeds for wildflowers and grasses.
Worth knowing about flower meadows shortlyHow do you go about creating the meadow?
Patience and therefore a lot of time are the most important prerequisites for creating a flower meadow. But the right planning is very important and so you should ask in the first place, which extent the flower meadow should have. Should the entire garden be filled in or only part of it? Should children be able to rave here or is the planned flower meadow something for the eye? - Children are involved, it should be remembered to plan ways in the flower meadow. But this is also useful for the care of the flower meadow, because it is better to approach individual plants.
  • If there is a lawn at the current location for the new flower meadow, you should first stop the fertilizer and cut the lawn only a few times a year.
  • In autumn or early spring, the soil should then be heavily scarred. So you can slowly lower the nutrient content of the soil and by the seed flight from the environment, the first typical herbs can settle.
  • Afterwards the lawn is removed in some places in the spring. This is exactly where the desired flowering plants are sown or even preferred herbs are planted.
  • When sowing, one should observe the following rule of thumb: five to ten grams of seed per square meter are completely sufficient. The seeds are sprinkled only on the ground and consolidated with a roller.
  • Irrigation is important, because in the first four to six weeks the future flower meadow should always be kept moist.
  • With regard to the fertilization of a flowering meadow one should know that the more species-rich the meadow is, the less fertilizer must be helped.
Which flowers are suitable for the flower meadow?
This depends on personal taste, because you can also set up a so-called. Magerwiese, which is characterized by yarrow and buttercup. But a colorful sea of ​​flowers can not be talked about right now.
  • Much more beautiful are typical flowers such as carnations and scabious.
  • Also the meadow sage beautifies every garden.
  • Other typical plant species are oatmeal, the marguerite and the meadow clover.
  • The meadow-knapweed and the meadows Kerbel are also popular.
  • As well as the wild carrot and the meadow pea.
How often a flower meadow then needs to be mowed depends on the destination, which is connected with the flower meadow.If the meadow is to present itself next year with a colorful sea, then should be mowed after the seed of grasses and herbs, around September.

Video Board: Gardening w Wildflowers - How to plant and maintain a wildflower meadow - North American Wildflowers.

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