The Content Of The Article:
- Which colors are there?
- Habitat of the forest flowers
- Protected plants
- Popular forest flowers
Germany lies in the temperate zone of Europe and has a rich flora, which adorn woods and meadows with a true play of colors. The forest flowers in the local areas provide a unique view of the diversity offered by nature. If you are interested in the forest flowers of Germany, you can easily recognize them by the bright colors.
Which colors are there?Anyone who has spent part of their childhood in the forest will be able to easily assign many of the flowers that can be found in the undergrowth and at the edge of the forest. Although the German flora focuses on a small selection of colors that are original and in contrast to tropical plants look rather simple. Forest flowers bloom in the following shades:
- blue and purple
Forest flowers in white
The native forests tend to have white flowers that stretch out between the green undergrowth of the sun to greet hikers and nature lovers with their floral decorations. In addition to the yellow flowers, they form the largest group and enjoy great popularity due to their color scheme. Striking of the white forest flowers are the numerous flowers that are found in the most varied forms of the plants and from magnificent umbels to panicles, as in the foam flowers. They stand out very much from their green leaves and are very often worn as a hair accessory. Some of the species, including lily of the valley, woodruff and wild garlic, are among the best-known plants that are found mainly in spring. The woodruff is even one of the first plants that can be found in the forest in spring and has been used by humans for millennia. The following forest flowers bloom in white:
- Giersch (Aegopodium podagraria)
- Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
- Wild garlic (Allium ursinum)
- Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa)
- Forest foam herb (Cardamine flexuosa)
- Meadow custard (Cardamine pratensis)
- Lilies of the valley (Convallaria majalis)
- Forest strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
- Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella)
- Wood-goat beard (Aruncus dioicus)
- Immenblatt (Melittis melissophyllum)
- Woodruff (Galium odoratum)
- Little beaver shrub (Pimpinella saxifraga)
- Foam flowers (Tiarella)
- Big witch herb (Circaea lutetiana)
- March Cup (Leucojum vernum)
Forest flowers in greenish tones
With blue and purple forest flowers it is often difficult to define whether the flower is now blue or purple. If it is not obvious as with the fragrant violet or the hepatica, the individual species can be easily confused. European cyclamen is one of the most poisonous flowers that you can find in the Alpine region. It is protected in Bavaria and should never be picked, as the effect can be life-threatening. The spotted lungwort is an ancient herb and is very much plowed and given away because of its flower shape, which resembles a goblet, and the intense color. Blue and purple forest flowers are visible within a few moments in the forest and are often among the species that thrive in partial shade or shade. Of course, the fragrance violets should not be forgotten here, which was already deities deities in ancient times, as it has an extremely intense fragrance that has made them a love flower.
- Spotted lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis)
- Violet (Viola odorata)
- Wood Cranesbill (Geranium sylvaticum)
- Creeping Günsel (Ajuga reptans)
- Gundelvine (Glechoma hederacea)
- Marsh scutellaria (Scutellaria galericulata)
- Gamander Honorary Award (Veronica chamaedrys)
- Purple orchid (Orchis purpurea)
- Holly Larkspur (Corydalis cava)
- Hepatica (Anemone hepatica)
- European cyclamen (Cyclamen purpurascens)
Forest flowers in reddish colors
Flowers in reddish tones can be seen from afar on their flowers, which, like the red foxglove, can be found on a shoot that stretches out of the leaves. It is the most common foxglove species in Europe and also an extremely poisonous plant in which all plant parts are poisonous. Nevertheless, because of its red, almost violet color, it attracts many enthusiasts who photograph the plant. Among the most well-known forest flowers in reddish color belongs the Schmallblättrige Willowherb.
Through the plant in the 18th century, the German botanist Christian Konrad Sprengel observed the concept of cross-pollination, which has led to a better understanding of the entire plant world. The Immenblatt is the only representative of this genus and has chosen a location in deciduous forests with precious woods.The Immenblatt is popular because of its sweetish fragrance, which attracts mainly bees and bumblebees. They even smell of honey.
- Red Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
- Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
- Red carnation (Silene dioica)
- Immenblatt (Melittis melissophyllum)
- Northern Willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium)
- Purple Deadnettle (Lamium purpureum)
Forest flowers in yellow
Yellow it appears in the forest. Yellow flowers are probably the most species-rich group when it comes to colored flowers that can be found in the forest. During a walk in the forest, it is worthwhile to look at trees, under ferns and other corners of the forest, because some of these specimens may hide here. The following forest flowers are all found in German forests and many of them are very popular and well-known to everyone. The best example of this is the cowslip, which can be found in several species in the forests, especially the tall cowslip.
It is a so-called spring messenger and can already be found in March in riparian forests and stream edges that run through these forests. Of course, you should not forget the forest gold star, which attracts attention with its bright flowers. Another representative of this category are the popular yellow anemones, which stand out like the wood anemones through their large petals.
- Real cowslip (Primula veris)
- High cowslip (Primula elatior)
- Gold buttercup (Ranunculus auricomus)
- Yellow anemone (Anemone ranunculoides)
- Forest-yellow star (Gagea lutea)
- Celandine (Chelidonium majus)
- Common coltsfoot (Aposeris)
- Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae)
- Small balsam (Impatiens parviflora)
- Large balsam (Impatiens noli-tangere)
- Meadow quail wheat (Melampyrum pratense)
- Common Gilbider (Lysimachia vulgaris)
- Pennywort (Lysimachia nummularia)
- Golden nettle (Lamium galeobdolon)
- Forest hawkweed (Hieracium murorum)
- True carnation (Geum urbanum)
- Figwort (Ficaria verna)
- Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)
- Yellow violet (Viola biflora)
Multi-colored forest flowersAs one of the few forest flowers that offers itself in several colors and does not have a primary tone, is the Helleborus. Helleborus is also known as hellebore and snow roses and this cockerel is found from Europe to Asia. They stand out due to their rather large leaves and also have five petals, ranging from red to purple to white and green. Thus, the Christ Rose, another name for Helleborus, occurs in these numerous shades and also in other species that can be found in Germany and Europe. Also among the multicolored flowers are the lovely elven flowers, Epimedium. The barberry plants immediately catch the eye with their uniquely shaped blossoms, which are curved in an elegant shape and look really fantastic.
Habitat of the forest flowersThe native forest flowers are all spread over the forests, which are mainly found in Central Europe and the Alpine region. Because of their multitude, every walk in summer and spring is marked by the aromas and colors of these plants, which are not only used in medicine and cuisine, but have also inspired artists of all eras. If you are looking for a specific flower, it is worth looking for information about the preferred location beforehand. Thus, some flowers are found only near water and deciduous forests, while for example the red foxglove thrives particularly well in newly planted coniferous forests. However, if you are not sure which of these plants you are looking for, it is worthwhile to go out into nature and look for interesting specimens along the forest paths. The correct color selection makes it easy to find the necessary information about the plant.
Before you pick one of the forest flowers, you should be aware of whether this flower is under protection. Many of the above species are controlled and are either on the endangered species list or are nature conservation for other reasons. Wild garlic is one of these plants that can not be picked just like that. Whether you want to hang the flower as a spice or to dry, this is not allowed.
If the plant is not a herb and is only for decoration, you can only pick a small bouquet that fits between your thumb and forefinger. This prevents large quantities of plants from being simply stolen, since they usually provide a basis for bees, insects, birds and mammals in some form. Be careful not to pick flowers in national parks. There is always a ban on picking plants and even if the temptation is great, this can lead to legal problems.