Forest plants - Encyclopedia of the most popular plants in the forest

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Forest plants - Encyclopedia of the most popular plants in the forest: popular

Without a doubt, the encyclopedia of the most popular plants in the forest must include ferns and mosses, as it is the plants that are most abundant in the forest.

Most common forest plants: ferns and mosses

Ferns are present on our globe with 12,000 species, in Central Europe grow about 200 of them. The true worm fern is most evident in our native forests. Its fronds, which grow out on a rosette, can reach a length of 160 cm. Moose serve as water storage in the forest. They do not get their precious wetness over their roots, they are just for holding on, but over their foliage. Mosses, in cooperation with the thick layer of humus, prevent too much rainwater from seeping away. A particularly appealing representative of its kind is the star moss, which grows up to 10 cm high and attracts attention with its filigree foliage.
Both ferns and mosses are spore plants that reproduce asexually. Researchers assume that they have been colonizing the land for 475 million years.


The naming of this genus of plants is based on the fact that the toxic ingredients trigger a sneeze in close contact with the nose. The green hellebore may well be the most popular species of hellebore in the lexicon of the most popular plants in the forest. He presents his green flowers already in early spring. Its cousin, the stinking hellebore, grows up to 60 cm high and blooms only in autumn.


All Pestwurzen are daisy family, which carry their racemose inflorescences very early in the year on upright, up to 80 cm tall stems. They include the white butterbur and the common butterbur with reddish flowers, both of which prefer a location in the forest.

White Wurz

The preferred territory of the Weisswurzen, which are among the asparagus plants, are light deciduous forests. They stretch their up to 100 cm long becoming, in pairs leafy stems sideways. Thus, the narrow, elongated, white Blütenglöckchen hang down ideally and are thus visible from afar. In our native forests, the many-flowered white root, the whorled leafwort and the true Solomon seal can be found.

Horny Goat Weed

Just as the elves of the legend prefer to stay in the forest, the elven flowers also chose the forest as their habitat. All elven flowers are among the barberry plants and bear spiked petals. It was probably the bizarre, mystical-looking flower shapes that gave this plant genus its name. Our ancestors were convinced that these flowers maintain close contact with the spirits of nature. Their color spectrum ranges from white, pink and purple to yellow flowers. The stature height is very different depending on the species.


Whether the deadwood is one of the most popular plants in the forest will be more uncertain. Too much like the stinging nettles that cause painful wheals on the skin when touched, there is no botanical relationship. Thorny nettles form much larger and more conspicuous flowers than the stinging nettles. The White Deadnettle and the Spotted Deadnettle are the two species that feel very comfortable in the forest.


The anemones belong to the buttercup family. Depending on the species they reach different stature heights and carry white, yellow or purple flowers, at least the varieties that occur with us. These include the wood anemone, the yellow anemone and the charming liverwort.

Other forest plants

  • The wild garlic prefers humus-rich alluvial forests, where it forms large stocks in part. As a popular fresh spice, he refines sauces, herb butter, pasta and vegetables.
  • Suppliers of fresh fruits include blackberry bushes, blueberry plants and wild strawberries. Blackberries prefer to settle on forest edges. In order to find blueberries, you have to penetrate deeper into a forest area.
  • The forest goat beard is closely related to the roses. Due to its up to 2 meters tall, white-flowered ears, it is particularly noticeable in May and June.
  • Frothy flowers are saxifrages that love the shade of the forest. Their panicle-like, white flowers appear in spring.
  • The forest sorrel with its white flowers is rather inconspicuous, but should not be missing in the lexicon of the most popular forest plants and of course not the woodruff, who graces the forest floor every year with his white flowers.
To mention absolutely also the Springkräuter. They spread, as the name suggests, by hurling their seeds out into the world. The big or true balsam flower is yellow and is the only one of all the spring herbs in our forests that actually originated in Central Europe. All other spring herbs are neophytes.Particularly worrying has the Indian or Geüsige balsam with red or pink flowers spread and takes away native habitat plants.
Probably every forest walker has his own favorites, which he counts among the most popular plants in the forest. However, all plants have one thing in common: They enjoy a forest walk again and again.

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