Shape cut on ornamental trees

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Whether bullet, pyramid or decorative figure - until the beginning of August, the last corrections to Buchs, privet and laurel should be completed so that the shoots mature well again until winter and suffer no frost damage.

Shape and effect

If you want to bring your ornamental shrubs into shape, you should first think about what effect should be achieved with the cut. Spheres, cubes and cuboids are easy to cut, but look rather static and cool due to the geometric shape. Spirals and unsymmetrical lines radiate dynamics, but are more difficult to cut and therefore more for professionals. When decorating several plants in the same area, the shape and height contrast between the plants should be consistent. Cut into shape specimen plants are particularly striking.

In good shape

Pruning shear bush shoots

Once the desired shape has been achieved, only the new shoots need to be recut

Depending on how exactly your ornamental wood already corresponds to the desired figure, after the rough shape cut in the spring, the summer must be cut more or less frequently. The expert speaks here of conservation cut. Beginners prefer not to cut too much per cut, so that no unsightly holes arise and post-corrections are possible. If the plant is still growing, just trim the shoots. If the desired shape has already been reached, all shoots must be removed regularly. In general, the more frequently you cut, the thicker the plants grow. Accordingly, of course, must be poured and fertilized so that the plant does not lose strength.

Please no sun

When cutting ornamental trees, as with many activities around the garden, it is important to have the right day and the right weather. Never cut woody plants in bright sunlight, because at the interfaces plant juice leaks and the trees and shrubs can easily burn. It is best to start the cut in the evening or, in the case of larger plantations such as a hedge, in a cloudy sky.

The choice of the right blade

Hedges animal figures design

Animal figures are the high art of design and a real eye-catcher

Attention should also be paid to the right work material. Do not use blunt scissors and saws as they can severely damage the plant and prevent a clean cut. For older, woody parts and small-leaved varieties, a manual or electric hedge trimmer can be used. If often young, soft shoots are cut, we recommend the purchase of a special pair of scissors, such as a Schafschurschere. For large-leaved woody species, the section is suitable with a garden or rose scissors, which avoids large-scale injury to the leaves. After cutting clean the blades and cutting neatly to maintain the sharpness and prevent possible disease transmission.

Tips and Tricks

For beginners, it is advisable to use for cutting cutting aids made of wire or tensioned threads, or you cut a stencil made of cardboard, because the good judgment is deceptive. If you do not feel like picking up tons of leaves and branches after a major cutting action, you can spread a so-called shape-cut cloth underneath the plant before the cut. The cut waste can then be easily summarized and disposed of. For smaller trees, a large cloth or bed sheet will do the job to catch the coarsest.
Woody plants that are particularly well suited for form cutting are, for example: yew, thuja, azaleas, privet, ginko, rhododendron, laurel, olive tree, rosemary, glycine, juniper, hawthorn, forsythia, hawthorn, barberry, lavender.

Video Board: Topiary - the art of shaping trees & shrubs into art forms ~ courtesy of Pinterest.

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