Forsythia, forsythia - profile, plants, care and propagation


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Forsythia - forsythia

Due to the bushy growth forsythia are perfect for creating a hedge. With good care and a regular pruning, the plant rewards the gardener with a flowering wall that shines green after flowering. As a hedge plantation the gold bell is a beautiful and environmentally conscious alternative to fences and stone walls.
  • For the hedge, plan a planting distance of half a meter
  • Enough space to the neighboring property comply
  • Prepare soil as well as single plant
  • Avoid waterlogging and dry soil

Container planting & repotting

The forsythia can also be cultivated as a container plant, but then the plant is not as big as in the garden. Nevertheless, the ornamental shrub keeps its strong growth and must therefore be repotted after some time. In addition, the plant becomes more sensitive to low temperatures in the winter when it is kept in the bucket and therefore needs additional protection during this time.
  • Bucket should be big enough to grow
  • Either use nutrient-rich garden soil or commercially available potting soil
  • Absolutely avoid waterlogging in the bucket
  • Create drainage above the drainage hole, made of gravel or potsherds
  • Water in the bucket regularly, but not overly
  • In winter, wrap the bucket with antifreeze film
  • Breeding as bonsai possible

planting neighbors

The golden bells are good with almost all other plants of the garden, so there are no big peculiarities regarding the neighbors. However, the shrub should not be next to other plants whose growth is just as strong as theirs. Otherwise, the plants get in the way and the gardener has a lot to do with pruning.
  • As early flowering ideal in the neighborhood to late flowering plants
  • Forms a true sea of ​​flowers with other early flowering plants
  • Ideal neighbors are tulips and daffodils
  • Goes well with horned violet and grape hyacinths

Pouring & fertilizing

Usually forsythia does not need to be fertilized, but they need a nutrient-rich soil. If this is not given, then help measures are to be taken. Even when watering the wood is very undemanding, but it does not tolerate too dry and not too wet conditions.
  • No fertilization required in principle
  • For nutrient-poor soils, top up once a year with fresh humus
  • Alternatively, work in compost around the ornamental shrub
  • Mulch in extremely sunny and exposed locations
  • Soil should not dry out too much
  • As a rule, the plant is rich in normal rainfall
  • In case of prolonged dry phases add additional water
  • Always water moderately, avoid waterlogging
Tip: If the soil is very nutrient-poor, it should ideally be fertilized in the fall. During this time, forsythia begins with the formation of the buds and is therefore very grateful for additional nutrients.

Flowers & leaves

The forsythia flower extremely early, as the buds already formed in the previous year on the two-year branches. The shrub is therefore referred to as a spring messenger and beautifies every garden with its flowers. The leaves are formed only after flowering, so that the shrub subsequently shines in an intense green color.
  • Flowering in March into May
  • Flowering can vary depending on the variety
  • Forms numerous flowers that cover the entire shrub
  • Golden yellow flowers are about 4 cm tall, bell-shaped and vierzählig
  • Flowers show up before the Blattaustrieb, at the Blattachseln of the last year's branches
  • After flowering, green leaves develop intensely
  • Leaves are up to about 6 cm long and arranged opposite

To cut

Forsythia is one of the plants with a mesotonic growth. In practice this means that the young shoots grow in the middle of the older branches. As a result, dense and often broom-like branches develop over time at the older branches in the upper part of the wood. As a result, the appearance looks unsightly and unkempt.
  • Too tight branches affect the flowering ability
  • Oxygen supply and light incidence are restricted
  • LangeTriebe bow outward under too much weight
  • Woods grow too much in width and shed from below
  • Shape cut to ball or pyramid possible
  • Always use sharp and clean secateurs

Auslichtungsschnitt

Forsythia - forsythia

Due to the great popularity of the plant other varieties are bred in addition to the traditional forsythia. The dwarfs under the gold bells are suitable for rather small gardens and for the Kübelhaltung.Almost all have the same yellow color at the beginning of spring, but there are exceptions to the colors.
  • European forsythia
  • Korea forsythia
  • Hanging forsythia
  • gold rush
  • Girald's forsythia
  • spectabilis
  • Mini gold
  • Snow rhythm, with white flowers
  • Lynwood
  • Mikador
  • Weekend

Diseases & pests

Due to its robust properties, forsythia is largely resistant to diseases and pests. However, the woodland begins to lazy with persistent waterlogging.
Conclusion
Due to the average growth heights Forsythia is suitable for both individual and hedge planting. After the barren winter season, the golden bells with its golden yellow blossoms brightly welcome spring, as one of the first plants in the garden. That's why the woods have become so popular in these latitudes. The ornamental shrub does not display its leaves until after the flowering period, but they convince with an intense green color and a lush growth. Forsythia has low demands on soil quality, site conditions and maintenance. However, the plant needs due to the often sprouting growth a regular pruning for Auslichtung, conservation and rejuvenation. Otherwise, the joy of flowering quickly diminishes and the shrub clears, creating an unsightly sight. Since the woodland can be easily and quickly reproduced, even large gardens can be planted in a short time.

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