The Content Of The Article:
- Scented plants - the agony of choice
- Suitable aromatic plants for living spaces
- Aromatic plants for the balcony
- Aromatic plants for the garden from A to Z
- Why do you smell plants?
Whether you like to sniff a rose or prefer the fresh smell of a lemon, aromatic plants have been accompanying humans and animals since prehistoric times. There are countless plant species that are perfect for the garden, the windowsill or the balcony, and seduce the senses with their unique aroma.
Scented plants - the agony of choiceThe variety of aromatic plants is extremely large and for this reason it is helpful to have an overview of the different plants. Any gardener, plant lover or simply a connoisseur of natural flavors will be able to find suitable plants for themselves, which correspond exactly to their own preferences and, above all, can develop whole worlds of smells in the garden.
The aromas range from bitter to sweet to beguiling and many of the plants are used in perfumes, soaps and even dishes to utilize the specific properties of each plant. The following listing of the fragrant plants takes place after the German name. These include individual species and entire families, which produce mostly fragrant species. For this purpose, the botanical name was given, as it makes the species easier to find. The following plants seduce the nose with every step.
Tip: Take time to read the descriptions and inquire about the plant species and subspecies to get new ideas for your own fragrance worlds.
Suitable aromatic plants for living spacesGardenias (Gardenia jasminoides)
The gardenias are among the favorites among indoor plants, as they spray a very flowery scent and can be kept well even in the winter garden during the cold season. As jasmine roses, they were already known in the Middle Ages for their healing fragrance, which, as the name suggests, is reminiscent of jasmine. The coffee plant comes from the tropical areas of Asia and the Old World and should help you fall asleep.
Gardenias have white petals that turn creamy during the flowering season and intensify their fragrance. Gardenias are perfect as a potted plant, as they reach a size of about 60 centimeters. They love the light, sun and high humidity, so they prefer a greenhouse in winter.
- Hyacinths (Hyacinthus)
The Kranzschlinge is an evergreen climbing bush, which needs a climbing aid for its long tendrils. He has cymes from the fragrant flower stars. Flowering is controlled by temperature and light intensity, even in winter.
Of course, the orchids should not be forgotten in the fragrance flowers. They are like lilies a welcome guest in the apartment, because they can grow here perfectly. The typical moth orchids are for many years already the highlight for hobby gardeners, as they are very easy to care for, but only a few of the species smell at all. This is due to the strong over-breeding of the Phalaenopsis, which are bred on quantity and thereby have lost their original fragrance.
But there are still fragrance orchids that need exactly the same care as other orchid species, but are a pure natural form of orchids. A good example of this is the Phalaenopsis corningiana, which can even fill the entire room. She is very spicy, almost cinnamon and immediately attracts attention. She is a true queen.
Porcelain / Waxflower (Hoya bella and Hoya carnosa)
Wax flowers are tropical climbers, which produce in the summer many Trugdolden with fragrant, porcelain-white flowers. The best known are Hoya bella and Hoya carnosa.
Aromatic plants for the balconyWhether in the classic balcony box, in the bucket or in the flower pot on the balcony, here also excellent aromatic plants grow and pull.
- Basil (Ocimum)
- Mints (Mentha)
- Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
- Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
- Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
- Sage (Salvia)
- Thyme (Thymus)
Orange blossoms are among the most fragrant citrus blossoms and are very commonly used in perfumery. They can be grown in various sizes in the garden, on the balcony and in the apartment as soon as they have enough light and heat. If you pull citrus fruits in the garden, you can grow these magnificent trees, which every year beguile with their fragrance and provide you with juicy fruits. Tip: Use the petals of orange in tea or pastry. They unfold their oil there and give the enjoyment a tasty taste.
Aromatic plants for the garden from A to ZA
- Evening scented herb (Silene italica)
- Pineapple Sage (Salvia rutilans)
- Anil de Muerto (Verbesina fasciculata)
- Arabian marigold (Cladanthus arabicus)
- Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac)
- Artemisia (Artemisia)
- Australian Frangipani (Hymenosporum flavum)
- Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)
- Balsam poplar, Lungauer (Populus trichocarpa)
- Bearded flowers (Caryopteris)
- Tree medlar (Cotoneaster watereri 'Cornubia')
- Bee tree (Tetradium daniellii)
- Musk flowers (Amberboa)
- Blue Woodruff (Asperula orientalis)
- Burning bush (Dictamnus albus)
- Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens)
- Damascus roses (Rosa x damascena)
- Fragrance Echinacea 'Hot Papaya' (Echinacea purpurea)
- Fragrance flowers (Osmanthus)
- Fragrant pea (Lathyrus odoratus)
- Scented orchid (Phalaenopsis corningiana)
- European pipe shrub (Philadelphus coronarius)
- False mandrake root (Tellima grandiflora)
- Meat berries (Sarcococca)
The lilac is an imposing summer bloomer, which in the period from May to June does not only inspire with its bright shades. Lilac has a pronounced scent that makes it especially good in the garden. Another choice is not generally for Lilac, because the plant can reach a maximum height of about seven feet. Lilac can be recognized by the flowers, which present themselves in full panicles and attract every nose.
Their toxicity refers to all plant parts and should therefore be treated with caution if you have small children, dogs or cats. The location on the balcony should be sunny, partial shade is also fine for the evergreen shrub, but hardy it is not winter and should be brought in the winter in the warm.
- Stone quenelles (Acinos)
- Star balm (Zaluzianskya capensis)
- Shrub Crownwort (Coronilla valentina ssp. Glauca)
- Daylilies (Hemerocallis)
Violets (Viola species)
Who does not love them, the violets. The genus Viola houses classic garden and balcony flowers such as the violet and pansies, which are to be found in almost every German garden. Especially the perfume scented with its intense scent, although the flower is just ten inches high. It is best suited in combination with roses when the violets are used as planting. In addition, they are an attractive border for flowerbeds and can delineate certain parts of the garden. The colors of the pansies on the other hand are always welcome from terraces and balconies, if many flower pots are provided with them.
- Wood-goat beard (Aruncus dioicus)
- Forest phlox (Phlox divaricata)
- Frankincense cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
- Winterling (Eranthis hyemalis)
- Fragrant honeysuckle (Lonicera fragrantissima)
- Miracle flower (Mirabilis jalapa)
- Witch hazel (witch hazel)
- Cinnamon (Clethra)
Why do you smell plants?Due to their way of life, plants are bound to one place and therefore can not reproduce by themselves or escape predators. Therefore, they form chemical substances, especially essential oils that allow the plant its fragrance. Through this process, the plants can:
- Attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies
- Drive out enemies
Therefore, the fragrance of a plant is not intended for humans alone, but a communication and protection mechanism. The essential oils of flowers and shrubs can therefore also be extracted and used for other purposes such as perfumery.