The Content Of The Article:
- Propagation by seeds especially tedious
- Propagation of the frangipani by seeds
- Propagation of the frangipani by cuttings
The exotic beauty is still rare to find in our latitudes. All the more hobby gardeners are anxious to multiply the plants as much as possible. This is possible, but requires some gardening skills.
A little Caribbean flair in your own garden - who does not want that? The Frangipani, also known as Plumeria, is just such a plant that, under the right conditions and proper care, can flourish well even in our latitudes. Since this plant is relatively rare in this country, hobby gardeners, of course, are keen to multiply the plant to spread the beauty of the plant.
For this project to be successful, you not only need a green thumb, but also have to be patient. It may take a few years for a plant to flower for the first time.
Propagation by seeds especially tedious
If a seed capsule appears on the frangipani, then patience is required. It may take more than half a year for the seed pods to fully develop. Usually, two seed capsules are formed per flower. If the seed capsules are ripe, they pop up by themselves. A seed capsule contains up to 150 seeds. First, the up to 20 centimeters long capsules are filled by a kind of fruiting body. With the maturity of the seeds, this forms back.
" Tip: If the seeds are not fully mature, they can be dried on the heater. Decay should be avoided. Mature seeds appear brownish. If the seed is more yellowish, it is not fully developed and consequently can not germinate.
»Pollination of the Frangipani in this country difficult
In order to create a seed capsule, the flowers must be pollinated and this is not so easy in this country. Our domestic insects usually fail due to the flowering of the frangipani. They can not penetrate correspondingly far into the flower body, in order to fertilize the plant. In tropical climes, on the other hand, some special species of butterflies are native, which have correspondingly long proboscis and can reach the plant parts.
But you can help nature on the jumps. Since it is hermaphrodite flowers, it is not excluded that a form of manual pollination leads to success.
The following methods are possible:
- Shake flowers to dissolve the pollen.
- Cut flower and apply pollen to the stamp.
- Cut two different flowers and apply pollen to the alternate flower.
Since these methods are rarely successful, it is advisable to purchase the seed and start the cultivation of the plants.
Propagation of the frangipani by seeds
Rearing from Frangipani seeds
If hobby gardeners are up to the challenge and want to grow a frangipani from seeds, they should know that, it takes a lot of patience until the first flower shows. The first flowers show here usually only after four to eight years.
" Tip: The best seed quality is offered by nurseries. There, also clear statements about the flower color can be made. Hobby breeders often offer surprises in this regard.
Packages of between 5 and 15 seeds are commercially available, e.g. here at Amazon. Seed quality can not be determined at first glance. If the seed germinates after about two weeks, it is undoubtedly of good quality. But it does not affect the later plants, if the germination time extends to three weeks.
When should the Frangipani seeds be sown?
The sowing can theoretically be done year-round. The best conditions prevail in spring and summer. If you want to use the plants in autumn and winter, provide sufficient artificial light sources, as the daylight will not be enough to germinate.
Which substrate should be used?
As a substrate, conventional cultivation soil can be used, to which sand or lava granules are added. The seeds are only slightly covered with the earth, while the seed wings should protrude from the soil.
" Tip: Coconut fiber can also be used for the cultivation.
To promote germination, cover the planter with a hood made of glass or plastic. The floor should always be kept slightly damp, but not too wet. To prevent mold, it is advisable to remove the protective cover about every two days and to allow air to circulate.
If the seeds are allowed to swell for a few days in warm water, this will favor germination. In a warm location, the first germ tips should appear after about one to three weeks. At first only watering is minimal. If the first fully formed leaves show up, the plant can be watered normally.
" Tip: First, the plant forms, similar to the native maple, two cotyledons.
About two months after germination, the young plants can be separated.
Alternative methods of germination
1 The seeds can also be germinated on kitchen paper. The kitchen roll with the seeds is placed in a warm location and always kept moist. After germination, the plantlets are placed in the prepared plant pots. Care should be taken because the germs can break off quickly.
2 Furthermore, germination in a cling bag is possible. This acts as a small greenhouse if it is tightly closed. The bag is filled with moist coconut bark. Then the seeds are put in. Since no liquid can escape, the pouch does not need to be re-watered until germination. However, it is important to ensure that no waterlogging forms in the container, this could lead to mold of the seeds.
Find the ideal substrate
Nothing should be left to chance with the substrate. Otherwise, the tropical plants will be blooming and will also restrict their growth. Particularly important is a loose substrate that is free from waterlogging.
The ideal substrate consists of:
- Coconut grater
Alternatively, you can work with cat litter based on volcanic rock and mix some charcoal powder into the substrate. This protects against fungal attack.
Propagation of the frangipani by cuttings
The propagation by cuttings is generally less expensive and leads to the desired success safer. Furthermore, there is clarity about the color of the flowers and the purity of the variety. Frangipanis are quite robust plants and can form new shoots even under rather unfavorable conditions. There are many cuttings available. A big advantage is that you do not have to be patient when it comes to flowering. Frangipani cuttings can already bloom in the first year.
Two types of cuttings in comparison:
Anyone who owns a frangipani plant can cut these cuttings themselves. The offer on the internet is great. This form of cuttings is inexpensive and still requires a lot of gardening skill until it grows the desired plant. When buying it is important to ensure that it is as far as possible freshly cut cuttings and ideally already bloom approaches and ramifications are present.
These cuttings already have roots and can be planted immediately. Rooted cuttings are more expensive and often are deliveries from abroad. In this case, the goods will be interesting for the customs and can in case of a non-existent safety certificate a bus money notice.
Cutting Frangipani Cuttings - How to proceed
Cuttings should be cut best when the plant is fully grown. If the cuttings are cut in the months of May to August, they are strong enough to quickly form roots and grow well before hibernation. Even shortly before the winter break, it is still possible to cut cuttings, but during hibernation, the plant should not be disturbed.
Rooting frangipani cuttings
The rooting is not as easy as commonly believed. If the cuttings are placed in a glass of water, in the hope that the exotic will quickly new roots, the hobby gardener is disappointed and can dispose of a rotten cuttings after a few days. The plants do not like a continuously moist location. A rootless root can neither absorb nor process the moisture and will consequently rot.
The cuttings should not have soft interfaces when placed in the ground. The interface should withstand a finger test and not yield. Ideally, the point of intersection is already slightly woody. The cuttings can be set in cactus soil mixed with sand and coconut bark in half its total length. The soil should be slightly moistened. Now the plant pot is placed in a warm place. Soil heat is especially important for the rooting of the cuttings.
" Tip: A black planter can store heat better than a white plant pot.
The soil should be kept slightly moist until roots have formed and the cuttings are firmly planted in the planter. From now on, the cuttings can be considered as a wholesome Frangipani plant and receive the usual care measures.