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Also known as the temple tree, pagoda tree or West Indian jasmine, Plumeria belongs to the succulents and the dogbane family. While it has a symbolic character in its natural habitat, it is popular here in Germany mainly for its fantastically beautiful and wonderfully fragrant flowers. According to its origin, it is not hardy in our latitudes. The frangipani is also a bit more demanding when it comes to soil quality and casting and fertilising behavior. Accordingly, there is much to be considered in both the dosage and the composition of the fertilizer.
Proper casting behaviorWhen watering it is important to first make sure that the temple tree is neither too wet nor too dry. Wet feet do not like this enchanting plant at all. Too much moisture can very quickly lead to the formation of rot and thus to death. It is better to pour a little less than too much and to ensure an optimal drainage in the planter.
- Water regularly over the summer
- If necessary, water up to twice daily on hot days
- Higher water demand in the summer of the large leaf mass owed
- Above that, this plant evaporates a lot of water
- Do not pour during lunchtime or in the blazing midday sun
- Sensitive roots could otherwise be damaged
- Better to provide water in the morning or in the evening
- Let the earth dry off between each watering
- Always remove water in pots or saucers shortly after pouring
- Short-term dryness is tolerated without problems
- For high humidity, additionally spray leaves regularly with water
- Best in the morning or evening hours
Tip: During the summer this plant can be very well outdoors in a sheltered, draft-free and sunny places. It should not be moved or rearranged during flowering, otherwise it may discard the flowers.
Beginning and end of hibernationFrom November, the watering is completely stopped, so that the plant can prepare for hibernation. The first indication of this is the shedding of the leaves, but only in leaves deciduous subtypes of West Indian jasmine, such as Plumeria rubra, which is the most common in this country. As long as one or the other flower dandelion can be seen on the plant, it may be that it no longer completely ripples and falls off.
But it should not be cast. Exceptions are evergreen species such as the plumeria obtusa, which retains most of its leaves in winter, provided that the hibernation is done in an appropriate manner. This species should only get a little bit of water from November until the beginning / middle of April. As soon as March / April, the new leaf shoot and, with a bit of luck, the first flower can be seen, also deciduous species can be sparsely poured again. After another 3-4 weeks you can go back to the normal casting rhythm.
FertilizeIn addition to watering, a high quality soil and the right fertilizer are required to make the frangipani flower. Incidentally, seed-grown specimens usually flower for the first time after 3 to 5 years, very rarely after 2 years, provided the conditions are optimal.
Fertilization of young and older plants
- The most important nutrients for this plant are nitrogen, potassium and especially phosphorus
- Plants younger than three years are not yet flowering
- In addition to phosphorus, they require an increased nitrogen content
- Especially important in adult plants high phosphate content
- Phosphorus promotes flower formation and root growth
- Fertilize throughout the growth period from April / May to September
- Once a week, administer special fertilizer in appropriate dosage
- Fertilize young plants from half an age every two weeks from the age of 2 months
Suitable fertilizerThe commercially available special fertilizers for the temple tree usually contain a balance of the most important nutrients.The concentration of the main nutrients nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N, P, K) is usually contained in these fertilizers in a ratio of 10:52:10 or 10:30:10. For fertilizing, add 1 - 2 g of this fertilizer to 1 liter of irrigation water.
In young plants, the administration of 0.5 g of such fertilizer per liter of water is recommended. For young plants that are to be cultivated throughout the winter, also commercially available cactus fertilizers have proven. Organic fertilizers such as e.g. Cow dung are only partially suitable. They can serve as a maximum of basic care. They are mostly too nitrogen-rich.
The temple tree is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful exotic plants that can be cultivated in this country. They fascinate with spectacular and depending on the variety more or less intense flower scent that makes you want to go on vacation. It should be poured neither too much nor too little, where it rots much faster than dehydrated. With special plum fertilizer, it gets all the nutrients it needs in optimal concentration. Nevertheless, if children and pets live in the household, one should not forget that Plumeria, like all dogbane plants, is poisonous.