Freesia, Freesia - planting, care and wintering


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Freesia - Freesia

The about 30 to a maximum of 50 cm high-growing flower carries its white, yellow, blue or red flowers on one side of an ear of wheat. The number of buds on a stalk depends on the variety and varies from about 4 to 10 pieces. Simple funnel-shaped flowers have 6 bracts and are usually slightly curved. Stuffed varieties have much more petals. Some freesia species are multicolored or develop two to three flower spikes per tuber. The stems are embedded in narrow, basal leaves that sometimes grow taller than the flowers. Not only their optical charm makes these flowers so appealing, they also offer a special kind of fragrance experience. Perfume manufacturers also use this unique fragrance.

Plant freesia

The tubers can from the middle of May, when no frost threatens more, to the outside. The growth potential of the freesia benefits enormously if the freesia spend some time at room temperature around 20° C before planting. Tubers bought in early spring should definitely stay warm until they settle. If the weed is completely removed with roots on the intended bed and the soil is well loosened, planting can begin. Freesia wants a nutrient-rich soil and a sunny location. The freesia tubers should have a layer of earth at least 5 cm thick and need a distance of 30 cm to the next plant. Now gently press the soil and water and the growth of the plant can begin.

The care of the freesias

Although freesia are sun worshipers, they need regular moisture. Until the blossoms are formed in July, they can be poured generously with a watering can or with a hose. As a flowering plant the freesia on the other hand, the moisture from above rather unpleasant, then only the soil should be watered around the tuber. Probably this peculiarity comes from their time in South Africa. There it always flourished after a prolonged period of rain, so that in the soil was enough moisture and no rain wetted the flowers. The reluctance of freesias against water that hits directly on the plants also explains the fact that they simply do not get going in rainy summers. Standing on a covered terrace in a planter and are not exposed to the rain, it works much better with the flowering. After the flowers have withered, trifoliate fruits form in the shape of a capsule, in which the round, brown seeds are.

Freesia overwinter

When autumn begins, the freesia prepare for the approaching winter. The dry foliage is getting more and more. As the existing nutrients migrate back into the tuber, it is important to wait until the time has come for storage to cut off the foliage. Since freesia tolerates no frost at all, they must still before existing Nachtfrostgefahr from the ground. On tubers, the tubers can first dry a bit before they get to their wintering place. There, the thermometer should not fall lower than 15° C. A box is suitable for storage or a perforated bag or a net. The tubers must be kept airy in any case, until they are used again the following spring.
Unfortunately, the re-flowering of the freesias does not always succeed without problems. You will probably always have to buy a few new plants in order to keep a certain stock. For the sowing is often crowned with success. Therefore, it is definitely worth picking up some seeds for the coming year. If you love strong colors in your garden and prefer aromatic flowers, Freesien serves you well. In addition, they bloom at a time when the colorful spring blooms have long ago adopted, and thus provide for loosening splashes of color.

Instructions for wintering

Because the freesia onion is not frost hardy, it must be taken out of the ground in autumn before the first night frosts. Until then, the plant has absorbed its foliage so it can be cut off.
  • The soil is then carefully removed from the onions and the onions should then dry for a while before being stored.
  • As winter quarters, a cool, but frost-free room with a temperature between 5° and 10° C is suitable.
  • The onions do not need light, so they can be placed in a box or other container and placed in the basement.
  • However, care must be taken to ensure a sufficient exchange of air, otherwise the onions will start to rot easily.
  • As soon as the garden floor has warmed up sufficiently in the spring, the freesia onions can be replanted.
In very mild locations or in a specially sheltered location, the freesia bulbs may remain in the ground in winter, but should be protected by a thick layer of leaves or brushwood.Although hibernation is possible in the freesias, often there is no flowering in the following year. Overwintered onions are therefore best planted where it is not noticeable, if then no flower forms.

Freesien onions stuck

Freesias are planted as onions in spring. These onions do not tolerate frost, therefore you have to wait with the setting until the outside temperature and the bottom temperature are back above 5° C. Apart from very mild areas, therefore, it is usually necessary to wait until at least mid-April. Until then, the onions should be kept in a warm room, as this will make the plants later easier to emulate and flower faster.
Freesia should be given a place where the soil is nutrient-rich and reasonably moist, and where the plant will later be lit by the sun for at least a few hours each day. There, the onions are placed with the top up so deep in the ground that they are covered with five inches of soil. Several onions require a distance of at least ten centimeters between each other. Following the insertion, the soil is well watered to facilitate planting and sprouting.

Care of the freesias

Freesia need a lot of water especially during their flowering season and therefore usually need to be irrigated. As long as no flower has formed, the plants can be poured from above. Thereafter, the water should be given only to the ground, preferably in the vicinity of the stem. Freesia will grow 30 to 50 centimeters during the summer.

Freesia as cut flowers

Freesias are very long in a vase and spread a pleasant smell in the apartment. To use as cut flowers, they should already be cut before their buds have opened.

Video Board: winter bulbs / How to grow Freesia / plants Freesia bulbs for winter in india flower displays.

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