Schopflavendel - care, cutting and wintering


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Schopflavendel - care, cutting and wintering: wintering

Lavender (Lavandula stoechas) is one of the world's approximately 25-30 lavender species and belongs to the family Lamiaceae (Labiatae). The term Stoechas is related to the Stoichaden, the French archipelago d'Hyères in the Mediterranean. In fact, Porcupolles, Port-Cros and Île du Levant are home to baby lavender in its wild form. He is also referred to as lavender maritime, Welscher lavender and Arabic lavender. The latter is explained in that Schopflavendel was formerly valued in the Arab world as a medicinal plant.

appearance

The purplish-purple bracts of the Schopflavendel, which are arranged in eye-catching clusters, evoke associations with rabbit ears or butterflies. The shape of its attractive inflorescence is reminiscent of a pineapple. Due to its particularly long flowering period from May to September, it is a popular and grateful container plant. The flowers and leaves of the Schopflavendel smell of camphor. Shaggy lavender is the wildest looking lavender species.

Wild baby lavender

In contrast to the high-altitude lavender species, true lavender and spiclavel, wild-growing baby lavender prefers to settle in sandy soil near the sea, which also explains its French name "Lavende maritime".
Schopflavendel is divided into two subspecies:
  • Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas subsp. Pedunculata, syn. L. pedunculata)
  • Italian lavender (Lavandula stoechas subsp. Stoechas)
The long-stemmed Spanish lavender grows wild in central Spain and northeastern Portugal and is more frequently cultivated than the Italian lavender, which blooms on short stems and is native to the entire Mediterranean. Other subspecies of Schopflavendels are common in Turkey and Portugal.

Cultivated baby lavender

Lavandula stoechas is popular in Germany as a container plant, although both the real lavender (Angustifolia) and the Speiklavendel (Latifolia) are more common. However, the commercial cultivation of Schopflavendels is quite complex and time-consuming and is therefore hardly practiced in Europe. Commercial main growing area of ​​Schopflavendel is India.

The oil of the Schopflavendels

The essential oil of the Schopflavendels smells like that of the Speiklavendels, strong and almost stinging and appears in comparison to that of the genuine Lavender neither so mild nor just aromatic and multilayered. It is reminiscent of pine scent. Like the Speiklavendel, Schopflavendel has a comparatively high camphor content and has an antibacterial effect. In medicine Schopflavendel is used accordingly. The quality of the action of Schopflavendel depends on the location, climate and other factors that influence the cultivation.

Use leaves and flowers

The leaves of the Schopflavendels are suitable for seasoning fish and poultry. They can be harvested for this purpose from summer, without harming the plant. From the flowers of Schopflavendels can be prepared by infusion an antispasmodic and nerve-strengthening tea. With the dried flowers of Schopflavendels filled fragrance bags are ideal for warding off annoying insects.

Claims to site and plant substrate

Schopflavendel thrives best in full sun. At its location, the Schopflavendel should be exposed to the full sun daily for at least four hours of sun. The plant can be left in place as long as the temperature does not drop below three degrees. Too nutrient-rich soil can inhibit the flowering of the Schopflavendels. He needs a well-drained and lime-free plant substrate. Optimal for this type of lavender is a soil mixed with sand (mixing ratio of 2 parts potting soil to one part sand or pumice). Commercially available cactus clay and clay granules are also well suited as a substrate. Since Schopflavendel is only partially frost hardy, it should not be planted in the field, but in the bucket.

plants

Lavandula stoechas can be planted in flower pots, window boxes or pots in spring. The planter should be equipped with holes in the bottom, through which excess moisture can flow. The vessel should be filled with a layer of potsherds or hydrogels, followed by the plant substrate. The root ball of the Schopflavendels is to be placed at the correct height so that it is completely covered. Press the substrate well. Immediately after planting the Schopflavendel should be poured and placed in the full sun.
Suitable planters for Schopflavendel
  • flowerpots
  • window boxes
  • big creatures in tubs
  • Ongoing care
  • Always keep dry, but do not allow to dry completely
  • pour when the top layer of earth has dried
  • Avoid waterlogging
  • Remove withered inflorescences regularly
  • Fertilization is hardly necessary
  • Provide only with constant flow of blood with some liquid fertilizer

To cut

Shaggy lavender should be cut back vigorously in early spring (February to March) when it starts to expectorate. A regular pruning for rejuvenation counteracts the lignification and killing of the plant. A vigorous pruning, done before the growth phase, also promotes the growth of the plant and increases its flowering ability.
  • In the spring, prune the plant to half to two-thirds of its total height
  • The old wood must not be cut

overwinter

French lavender

As an evergreen plant, baby lavender should be wintered brightly and frost-free. A light, unheated and frost-free garage or a staircase, for example, represent suitable winter quarters. Under no circumstances should the temperature in the wintering room fall below -10 degrees Celsius, as otherwise the Schafflavendel freezes. From February he wants to be warmer and full sun again. In order to prepare him for the change outside and to avoid burns of the leaves, the container plant can be slowly hardened. So it is advisable to put them out for the time being only on a cloudy day or to place them there in the shade.

Characteristics

  • Perennial and perennial
  • Not hardy
  • Up to 100 cm in height
  • Flower color pink to light purple
  • Flowering period from July to September
  • aromatic plant
  • container plant
  • Lime-free culture required

Claims of Schopflavendels

The claims of Schopflavendels can be compared with those of the real lavender only conditionally. He also likes the full sun, but would rather be kept dry without drying out. Optimal is therefore the irrigation in moderation. Cast only when the top layer of soil is already dry. In the flowerpot and bucket, on the other hand, water should never remain in the coaster. Waterlogged takes the Schopflavendel, botanically also Lavandula stoechas called, fast and long bad.
Also on the ground of Schopflavendel has its own claims: The soil is well suited for this fundamentally flowering plant then, if it is rarely fertilized, is not alkaline or calcareous. Should be due to declining flowering joy but a little fertilized, the substrate must not be calcareous. Incidentally, the Schopflavendel will carry less flowers even if the soil is too rich in nutrients - you could call him almost ungrateful in this regard.

Schopflavendel and his winter care

With Schopflavendel care in winter is just as important as the regular pruning. In terms of winter hardiness, the Schopflavendel makes only up to about -5° C. Everything underneath should be avoided. Better the Schopflavendel should spend the winter as an evergreen shrub bright and frost-free in the greenhouse or in another cool place. An unheated garage is just as suitable as a barn or a bright basement.
From February, the Schopflavendel can then go outside again: first protected from frost, he now likes the stronger sun a lot. However, if it is brought out later, it should be placed outside on cloudy days or protected from the wind and weather to prevent burns from the often underrated spring sunshine.

Do not forget pruning!

The pruning of the Schopflavendels should be carried out in early spring, as soon as the budding is visible. Do not hesitate, but cut back half to two thirds. The old wood should not be damaged, only a rejuvenation of the actual herbs, so that the plant does not lignified or even verkahlt. The pruning of the Schopflavendel rewards the garden friend with a strong, new bloom in the late summer, which brings aromatic lavender magic into the garden.

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