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The days are over when the apples migrated from their own tree to the compost and the garden owners instead bought apples from the supermarket. Most consumers now know that a blot on an apple is not a blemish, but a guarantee of unloaded fruit, because it is a sure sign that the apple has never come into contact with pesticides.
Unfortunately, the fruit in your own garden has the disagreeable quality that it ripens pretty much at the same time. Around
What does a fruit mill have to do?
A fruit mill prepares the fruit for further processing. How the fruit should look before this processing differs from type of fruit to type of fruit and is then also dependent on the degree of ripeness. It's usually about extracting juice, which is then bottled. For this, the fruit must be ground or grated:
- Crunchy ripe apples must be ground finely to release their juice, the individual particles should not be larger than 2.5 millimeters. If the apples are softer, maybe a bit overripe, they must be coarsely ground, only then the juice can be squeezed fast enough so that it does not become too cloudy.
- Hard fruits or vegetables, eg. As carrots or quinces, must be finely grated, because only leaking juice on the cut surfaces.
- Berry fruit must simply be pureed, depending on the type of berry and planned further processing with or without shell and core.
- In summary, it can be said that each product must be crushed in a certain way, so that the fruit is even juice or so that the highest possible juice yield is achieved.
A clue as to how the self-made fruit mill could work is given by the commercial fruit mills. Here are many different systems on offer, Rätzmühlen, where through the perforated discs and the cutting sieves the degree of grinding, so the fineness of the fruit particles, can be determined. Or scraper mills, where the fruit is pressed against the scraper wheel with a wood and crushed as it passes through, or mills that use knife-operated squeezing rollers.
Which fruit mill should you build?
Especially these many different systems make it very clear what this is about: sometimes a very specific type of shredding, sometimes just that the fruit is simply as small as possible, if it just does not slip through the pores of the press cloth. If a fermentation is provided, it runs better with very finely minced fruit, also auxiliary materials such as yeasts, fermentation salts, acid and enzymes can be mixed better.
So you should study the professional machines in terms of the fruit that you want to grind and then decide if and how a replica could work. If you For example, if you want to process many different types of fruit, you need replaceable functional parts, which does not make self-assembly easier. If you have explored the fruit mill exactly what seems best for your purpose, you can get more ideas for the self-construction of a fruit mill on the Internet.
View construction manuals & check future recipes
On this page is z. For example, describe how you could build a fruit chopper yourself, which casually minced 250 kg of apples in 2 hours:landtreff.de/apfel-zum-saft-pressen-hackseln-hacksler-selber-bauen-t64407-15.html.
Even if your home-made fruit mill should achieve optimal efficiency, you could still fail on some fruits that are very reluctant to give up your juice with each mill. Therefore, do not start immediately if you like a blueprint, but you want to shred fruit other than apples. Then it is rather to consider whether this type of fruit is not from the outset better to process completely different or if the Dampfentsaften offers as a method that promises optimal success.
Plums, especially plums, can be z. In addition, drupes usually need to be gutted before they can be processed in a fruit mill, with a good harvest a really tedious business. For all types of juicy fruit that has a not too firm shell, a steam extractor is well suited. In the steam juicer, the fruit can be given with core and shell, it provides a high juice yield and is relatively inexpensive to purchase. Even with cherries, a stubborn look at the use of a fruit press is not recommended; fresh cherry mash can only be squeezed out to about 50% with the spindle basket press.
However, a processing of such fruit types with a press is possible if you use appropriate recipes: Plum mash can be added, for example, and with water to extract the plum flavor, it can, for. B. become a plum wine.The cherry pomace, which remains after the fifty percent juice yield, can also be processed, it is added with water to cherry wine.
Schedule subsequent processing
If you have decided to build a fruit mill, you will need a press for the milled fruit. What type of press should also be known before the planning, as the processing with fruit mill and fruit press is a unit. You can contact the local horticultural association or a representative of the Nature Conservation Germany e. V. (NABU) or at a local club in your area to inquire whether fruit presses are awarded there.
However, the fruit of a region usually matures at the same time, who does not want to expose themselves to the danger that the fruit press is just awarded, but would like to start immediately at ideal maturity, will therefore also build his own fruit press.