Refine fruit trees

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After all, everyone can pull their own fruit trees in the garden. First of all, the substratum must first be pulled by vegetative propagation or by seeds. Then the schooling takes place and finally the refining. Since all this work is associated with a lot of time, few hobby gardeners own this garden practice. Therefore, mostly young fruit trees are bought as finished finishing trees in the garden center or in a nursery. After all, it is still good to know how much a fruit tree is refined, should one decide to do so on one's own.
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Pruning trees
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If you want to refine fruit trees, you cut back in the early spring or at the very beginning of the growing season, the crown of the tree to be ennobled. At the end of Ästestummel weaker Zugast is left, which attracts the tree juices and thus facilitates the Edelreis of growing. The thickness of the cutted branches should not exceed 15 cm for pears, 10 cm for apples and 8 cm for stone fruit. The Edelreiser you choose from very fertile and healthy trees of the variety as we would like to grafted.
As a noble traveler are best suited one-year, well-matured grated during the dormancy. The shoots they show at mother tree to the south, are best suited for it. The best cutting time for Reiser is the month of December and January. In the case of stone fruits, the Reiser must not be cut later. In the winter, they are beaten into a pit of moist sand, and then they are covered with soil so that they do not dry out. The rice should have three buds; The upper section must sit close to the buds, but it must not hurt.
In fruit trees you usually choose the Geißfußpfropfen. But also a bark finishing is possible. If you want to make a copulation processing you must pay attention to the same strength of rice and base. In simple copulation, the obliquely cut rice is placed on the same angle beveled pad and tied. When copying with the opposite tongue, simple bevel cuts and opposing cuts (tongues) on the surfaces are combined.
When copulating and grafting, the cuts are made from top to bottom. When dropping on weak branches you put one to two, on strong up to five Edelreiser. The grafted branches are well tied with raffia and painted with tree lines.
Peaches can not be grafted, so in August after a rejuvenation cut must be. Even young sweet cherries and young sauerkraut trees can be in July or in August by ocular or grafting umveredeln.
Refining eyes are taken only from mature shoots of excellent cultivars. Exactly one day before picking one cuts the rice, takes away the leaf blades and cuts the petioles back to about 1 cm in length. The rice is wrapped in a damp cloth and kept cool and dark until the next day. The eye is cut out of the middle of the rice with a disinfected and sharp oculometer on an approximately 3 cm long oval bark shield with a thin layer of wood. The wood is carefully peeled out so that the eye is not confirmed. In the pad, cut a T with a vertical cut about one centimeter long horizontal and about 3 cm long, push the shield under the lifted floating one, so that the eye sits about 1 cm above the cross section and connects with raffia. The eye should not be covered. If, after about 14 days, the petiole drops off with light touch, the refining is successful. The bast is removed after three weeks.

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