Planting fruit trees: 42 suitable green / flowering plants


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Planting fruit trees: 42 suitable green / flowering plants: suitable

Apple, Pear, Mirabelle - fruit trees are much more than an ornament in the garden and many are very popular. A tree slice is the free space around the tree trunk. However, this often looks bald, because not everyone dares to plant fruit trees. In fact, there are a few things to keep in mind as both planting and fruit trees can suffer if the wrong plants are chosen.

Low and deep root

An important factor in selecting the appropriate planting of fruit trees is the growth habit of their roots. If it is a shallow root, special care must be taken when planting the root disc. Otherwise, the root underneath could be damaged. There is also a risk that the plants will have to compete for and suffer from water and nutrients.
It is therefore worthwhile, when planting fruit trees, to first of all pay attention to whether it is a flat, deep or heart rhizome. Among the flatroots include apple and pear and berry bushes. Corresponding information about the root form of more unusual types of fruit can be obtained from specialist retailers.

Sun and shade

The bigger the crown of the fruit tree, the more shade it gives - that sounds logical and obvious, but it is not always taken into account in the planting. This is very important, so that the plants can thrive well. For fruit trees in tubs or on hills plants are recommended, which require a sunny or only partially shaded location. For the tree slice of large, dense trees, however, it should be plants for partially shaded to shady locations.

Fruit tree species

In addition to the type of root growth and the lighting conditions at the site, of course, other factors also play a role in whether the planting below matches the respective fruit tree. These include:
  • substratum
  • water requirements
  • nutritional requirements
  • Possible interactions between fruit tree and subplantation
Especially on the last point should be respected. For example, planting essential oils or other substances may result in blooms and crops failing the fruit tree. It may also be possible that insects necessary for pollination are quenched. In addition, the undergrowth can absorb nutrients that are then missing the fruit tree. With the appropriate plants, however, a positive interaction can be achieved. For example, some plant species are suitable for attracting bees to pollinate the flowers, potentially increasing cropping.
apple tree

Apple - malus

Especially with the apple tree not only the space in the garden is better exploited by a planting, but the tree can also be protected from disease. Suitable plants for this include:
  • Columbine: Attracts insects and can thus improve the pollination
  • Berry bushes: Keep by their smell pests, such as rodents, far away
  • Iron hat: suitable but poisonous
  • Nasturtium: make live mulch, keep apple leaf extract away
  • Garlic: Reduces the risk of scab
  • Dandelion: Reduces the risk of leaf chlorosis
  • Rhubarb: Forms live mulch
  • Marigold: Suitable and also useful as a medicinal plant, attracts insects
  • Chives: Reduces the risk of scab
  • Violet: Attracts insects
apricot

Apricot - apricot - Prunus armeniaca

Among apricot trees fit among others:
  • Nettle: To strengthen the tree and defend against aphids and ants
  • Nasturtium: works against blood lice
  • Melissa: Strengthens the health of the apricot tree
  • Peppermint: Strengthens the health of the apricot tree
  • Marigold: works against blood lice
  • Tomatoes: Keeps aphids, ants and other pests away
pear

Pear - Pyrus

Under the pear tree, the following plants are not only comfortable, they also have positive effects on the health of the plant:
  • Thimble: works against rubber flow
  • Geraniums: Attracts insects and can thus improve pollination
  • Nasturtium: deterrent to aphids
  • Dandelion: Reduces the risk of leaf chlorosis
  • Deadnettle: As a living mulch and for the protection of the roots
Kirschbaum

Mirabelle - Prunus domestica

So that the delicious fruits can be harvested as many as possible and the mirabelle plum tree remains healthy, the following plants are recommended for planting:
  • Onion: Keep away pests, among other things
  • Garlic: To ward off aphids
  • Geranium: Attracts useful insects for pollination
  • Klee: Makes live mulch
  • Mustard: repels pests
peach

Peach tree - Prunus persica

Sweet and juicy they should be and best harvested fresh from the tree.If you want to do something good for the peach tree, choose one or more of the listed suitable plants for planting:
  • Garlic: Attracts beneficial insects and keeps pests away
  • Nasturtium: Helps against bacterial burn and ragweed
  • Tomatoes: Works against aphids, ants and other pests
  • Horseradish: against pests and ruffling disease
Plum and plum

plums

Plums and plums sweeten the summer. The drupes can also be attacked by diseases and pests. The appropriate planting helps the fruit tree to thrive strong and healthy and provide the highest possible yield:
  • Corn salad: covers the soil and thereby keeps the moisture, attracts earthworms
  • Garlic: Keeps pests away and attracts beneficials
  • Larkspur: Attracts beneficial insects but is poisonous
  • Report: Suitable as a vegetable and protects the soil, forming live mulch
  • Phacelia: Attract bees and serve as green manure
  • Scarab herb: Serves as soil protection and attracting bees, forms live mulch

Free or bucket?

For the planting and the benefits of it, it is not absolutely necessary that the plants are actually planted on the tree-pulp. The plants can also be grown in pots cultured on it. This method even offers some advantages:
  • Can be combined with plants that have different substrate and care requirements
  • Planting of plants possible that are not winter or frost hardy
  • The risk of damage to the roots is excluded
  • The plants can be exchanged quickly
One possible disadvantage, however, is that the crops no longer serve as green manure and - for example in the case of lamb's lettuce - also have no positive influence on the soil quality. In this case, it has to be weighed which factors play the bigger role in each case.

Underplant or plant neighbor?

All of these plants do not have to sit directly on the tree wheel to develop their positive effects. They can also have a beneficial effect on the fruit trees, if they are just their plant neighbors - so they are planted close to the environment.

Video Board: This Crazy Tree Grows 40 Kinds of Fruit | National Geographic.

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