The Content Of The Article:
- Create mixed culture - advantages
- Site-dependent fruit tree partnerships
- Pollination of fruit trees
Sweet, crunchy and healthy - in our latitude, delicious fruit is one of the most popular plant species grown within the local green area. The classics include easy-care fruit trees, which must not be missing in any garden. However, when planting the trees, special attention must be paid to the optimal tree neighbors; choosing the right species here can increase yields and significantly improve the fruit quality of the fruit. When selecting suitable partners, pollination and fertility of the tree play a role alongside similar site conditions.
considerationsIn principle, different criteria can be used to decide which fruit trees are suitable as ideal neighbors. The experienced hobby gardener includes the following aspects in his considerations:
- Is a mixed culture desired for plant strengthening?
- Does a pollinator species require sort-like neighborhood planting?
- Is it a robust strain?
- Which site conditions exist for the different varieties?
- How much space is available?
Tip: Today, numerous new varieties are available in miniature format, which can also be located next to unfavorable plant neighbors. However, these usually provide lower yields depending on the size.
Create mixed culture - advantagesThe creation of a mixed culture means that different varieties of fruit trees are planted in direct proximity to each other. More and more hobby gardeners opt for this method and plant, for example, apple trees next to cherry trees. This planting offers the following advantages:
- Effective pest control
- Improvement of plant growth
- Intensification of the fruit taste
Site-dependent fruit tree partnerships
In order for different types of fruit trees to benefit from each other, it has been proven to take account of the respective site requirements, especially with regard to the following conditions:
- Moisture of the soil
- Nutrient reservoir of the substrate
- Location of the location (shady or sunny)
In addition, the location of the site plays an important role when fruit trees are to be combined. In the immediate vicinity, all the same species are initially available, for example different varieties of apple trees. in mixed culture all sun-loving species can be combined in the same situation; For example, neighborhoods are possible between the following types:
- Apples and plums
- Apples and sweet cherries
- Plums and sweet cherries
Even herbs that are underplanted, represent an ideal mixed culture with all kinds of fruit trees, for example nasturtium, horseradish or garlic. Nasturtium also has the advantage that it provides as a live mulch for rotting plant parts.This way additional fertilizer can be saved.
Pollination of fruit trees- Reason for optimal plant neighborhoods -
Many hobby gardeners look forward to a full bloom of their fruit trees in the spring - and are disappointed when the harvest is low. Often the cause of such yield problems is due to poor pollination - which may have the following causes:
- wrong plant partners
- too few insects
- weather problems
Garden owners, who want a rich Kiwiernte, should plant mainly female, but at least one male flower in the immediate vicinity in the garden. However, many of our most popular fruit trees are hermaphrodites; These carry both female and male organs in a single flower. These include, for example:
If there is not enough space in the local green area to supply sufficient pollen for the flowers, it may be advisable to avoid species that are present in the neighboring garden, for example. In this way, the own pollen offer can be ideally complemented.
Pollen supply, location requirements and optimal location of the fruit trees: those who focus on the different needs of their fruit trees selects the right plant partner. In this way, the yields can be optimally increased - in every garden.