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Gabions look good, can be filled with different stones and can be set up in almost any location. Finished gabions can easily weigh more than one ton, so transporting is not only expensive, but sometimes does not work, such as installing the artificial stone wall at the back of the garden. However, you can make your own gabions on the spot as wind or privacy screens. However, it is important to note some facts, so you do not experience ugly surprises. Nothing is more annoying than when the almost finished gabions tip over or break apart during filling or show unsightly dents in the wire mesh. Here we explain how you can make your stone wall yourself with some skill.
Think about where you want to set up gabions. You will receive ready-made basketwork kits from various retailers, so you can assemble the boxes and stack them as you like before you start filling them. Given the weight of such an artificial stone wall, it is necessary to first provide a foundation to prevent unwanted sagging. However, a compacted gravel layer is generally sufficient. Combined with decorative brick or concrete blocks as a base, there is an interesting optical arrangement. Make a sketch and determine how high, wide and deep the artificial wall should be. This is important so you know how many wire baskets you need and what amount of stone you can count on. Do you want to build a continuous gabion wall or should it be interrupted by shrubs or fence elements? Prefabricated kits have common dimensions, if you need special dimensions, you can have them made. If you are planning narrow and high gabions, it is essential to anchor the wire boxes in the ground. They are easier to fill than wide and thick wire baskets. Anchorages for thin, high gabions should be securely fastened in the ground with posts and impact sleeves.
Tip: For a garden boundary, install a finish with a round or octagonal gabion that extends beyond the stone wall.
Hardware stores offer various kits for gabions. The strength of the wire mesh depends on the weight that the boxes have to endure. The strength of the steel wire should be at least 5 to 6 mm, the intersection points must be well welded to withstand the pressure. As a rule of thumb, the following can apply: mesh size 40 by 200 mm, wire thickness 6 to 8 mm, stone size 40 to 60 mm. The mesh size of the braid varies in different sizes, choose small mesh sizes for small stones so they will not fall through the holes.
- Build the wire boxes in place, which saves transportation over the property
- Narrow, wide gabions can be supported with an additional pole in the middle
- always choose the stones slightly larger than the mesh size
- connect multiple gabions with durable, non-rusting clamps
- not all boxes have a lid as closure, close the gabions from the top with additional grilles
- larger stones are usually cheaper, but the filling then requires some skill
In finished kits, the structure is relatively simple. Place the boxes on the prepared surface. Wide, deep gabions do not require additional supports, with the weight keeping them in place. They are particularly suitable when the gabions are to serve as wind protection, even by heavy storm, they can not be overturned. The wire mesh is assembled according to the instructions and connected with clamps and clamps. If you want to place several gabions next to each other, first set them all up and connect them firmly. Do not fill up a gabion before tackling the next one. Even if the ground is fixed, it may well be that a level shift shows, that is annoying.
- Check the stability during assembly
- so that nothing moves, it is worthwhile to lay out the bottom of the boxes after setting up already with stones
- Filling multiple gabions is time-consuming and exhausting, borrow a small excavator at the hardware store
Recommended stone fillings
The stones are the sole choice of your personal taste. Almost all types of stone are available in different sizes. If you want something individual, ask in the gravel or in the quarry, here are often special items cheap available. However, you may have to sort by the sizes themselves. Here are some varieties from which you can make your selection.
- Ardennes Black, anthracite-black with white veins
- Basalt, anthracite-black
- Bordeaux schist, reddish-purple
- Giallo Sienna, yellow
- Granite, different varieties - anthracite, red, gray
- Glass, available in different finishes, dark gray, blue, turquoise
- Crystal quartz, light gray-blue
- Lava, red-brown, especially light
- Slate (India), burgundy
- Marble in different shades from white to reddish to blue-green
- Tourmaline, red-white
Gabions are an excellent wind and visual protection and the eye-catcher par excellence. Stones of different size, shape and color filled in wire mesh boxes, give numerous design options for land boundary, as well as for optical distribution. They can be set up almost anywhere, but require a good planning, because they can be moved after the construction only with difficulty. There are hardly any limits to the filling; only the personal taste decides. Combined with fence elements, shrubs or just as a continuous wall, gabions offer a variety of ways to enhance your own garden. You can even serve as a retaining wall for a slope attachment.