The Content Of The Article:
The umbrella bamboo, also called garden bamboo, is often used as an ornamental plant. It belongs to the genus of the Fargesien and originates from the mountainous regions of central China. As the screen bamboo, which also Muriel bamboo or Fargesia murielae is frost resistant, it is one of the most commonly planted garden bamboo species in Europe.
Select location for the garden bamboo
The umbrella bamboo should be planted in a partially shaded spot in the garden. Since it thrives particularly well in high humidity, a location next to a garden pond or a running water is highly recommended! Only the dark-leaved species of Muriel bamboo are suitable for permanent direct sunlight. On the terrace or balcony, the umbrella bamboo planted in pots should stand in a corner protected from the blazing sun. Spray the plant with water on hot days to ensure the required humidity. Spraying in blazing sun should be avoided as the leaves can be damaged by the burning glass effect.
- Choose location in partial shade until sun
- plump, avoid direct sunlight
- provide for humidity (also spray)
Of the Fargesia murielae prefers a nutrient-rich soil. It should be slightly humus rich and permeable so that the root system gets enough water. A soil that contains too much pot is no longer permeable to air so that fungi can form at the roots. In this case, sand must be mixed under the ground so that it loosens. Although bamboo prefers a moist substrate, it is damaged by waterlogging. Therefore, you should regularly loosen the soil with the rake. If the location is too dry, bark mulch should be mixed and, if necessary, watered. The umbrella bamboo thrives best in gravel gardens and Japanese gardens, or at near-natural locations.
- moist, loose soil
- regular watering
- Avoid waterlogging
If you plant the umbrella bamboo in the garden, then the planting pit should be twice the size of the root ball. Thereafter, the soil in the pit must be loosened to make it permeable to water. Then the garden bamboo is planted as it has grown in the pot. Then form a casting wall around the bamboo and water it well! Since the plant does not form subterranean foothills, no root barrier needs to be established.
- twice as large a plant pit as the root ball
- loose, water permeable soil
The umbrella bamboo must be fertilized abundantly. Especially nitrogen-containing fertilizers or ring dung and horn shavings needed the bamboo to grow magnificently. Fertilization should take place in spring (March / April) and summer (June / July). It is best to spread a handful of fertilizer on the soil around the plant. Finish the fertilizer in August so the garden bamboo can ripen to winter.
- abundant, regular fertilization
- nitrogenous fertilizer or cattle manure
Basically, the garden bamboo does not have to be cut back to rejuvenate it. As long as the plant has enough space to spread, it thrives in the best shape. However, if the space is not enough, the stalks can be cut back. Use a pair of scissors to cut the hard bamboo sticks. Even low hedges can emerge from the umbrella bamboo. The new shoots, which shoot from the hedge in May and June, will be cut back to hedgehog height as soon as they are fully grown. If your bamboo has frost damage from a particularly harsh winter, then you can remove these spots in the spring near the ground. As a precaution, you can dress your bamboo in reed mats in winter.
- basically no pruning necessary
- Cut according to need and space
- Remove frost damage in spring or prevent it with reed mats
The screen bamboo is propagated by division. At the beginning of spring (March-May) or in early autumn (August-September), the plant is cut into several pieces and replanted. For this you should use a rose scissors, with which also the root system can be divided. Each new umbrella bamboo should have enough roots and about 3 to 4 shoots. If you put the subplants new in soil, they should be watered regularly. In the first few weeks after planting, they must not be exposed to the direct sun. Also the cultivation in the greenhouse is recommended. There, the bucket bamboo gets a lot of humidity to thrive. Keep fertilizing until new shoots grow out of the soil, because then the plant has grown well.
- Propagation by division in spring or autumn
- Partial plants need enough roots and at least 3-4 shoots
- water well new plantings, no direct sun
- also rearing in the greenhouse possible
- wait with the first fertilizer until the bamboo has grown well
The garden bamboo is virtually free of pests. When diseases and pests occur, they are harmless and do not need to be treated chemically. Here is an overview:
- Yellow leaves: Occur in autumn and are discarded. Even when waterlogged, the foliage can turn yellow.
- Corn rust: Leaves turn orange or brown at very high humidity and dense sandy soil. The coloring disappears with the foliage change.
- Aphids: Occur very rarely in garden bamboo and usually need not be fought.
- Rolled leaves: Occurs in direct, blazing sun and frost. Is a natural protection of the plant against dehydration and gives itself when weather changes.
The bamboo as a garden plant in this country is not very common, but especially the diverse uses of the garden bamboo speak for him. It should be noted that the garden bamboo is not a bush, but a grass. The bamboo needs a lot of moisture, but the roots should not be under waterlogging, this does not forgive the garden bamboo. Since the leaves can absorb moisture, spraying, up to a certain size, is also very useful.
- The ideal planting time for the garden bamboo is between March and October.
- The water requirement of the garden bamboo increases the closer the planting reaches to the winter.
- For the propagation of the bamboo either new plants are pulled as seeds or one divides the plant. The separated part is rooted.
- When propagating, however, make sure that the plants have enough space, stand protected from the wind and are regularly watered.
- The garden bamboo is ideal as a sight and wind protection in front of a terrace or as a border for a garden pond.
- There are several varieties of garden bamboo, from some of these varieties you can cook teas or eat the cooked sprouts.
- For fertilization special bamboo fertilizer is suitable. It is also sufficient for a normal lawn or plant fertilizer.