The Content Of The Article:
When the snow has melted and the garden has dried off a bit, the gardener starts the garden year: he collects all the dead plant stalks that stopped in the fall with the seeds and either fed or sown birds. They are now easily broken off, creating a litter on the ground that protects the soil from late frosts and then rots.
The natural garden in March
The floor is now being thoroughly examined throughout the garden. The beds are enriched with well-matured compost, which is carefully incorporated with a grave fork. Careful, because the microorganisms are most eager to process the nutrients for the later plant, especially in this topsoil, and they should not be interrupted in this important work.
If wild herbs have settled on an area that is not yet to be planted immediately, they may stop. They loosen the soil (create a good crumb structure), protect it from dehydration and are now an important food source for pollinating insects. Now z. For example, the bumble bees are on their way to find a nest for the next generation of the bumblebee.
If the biodiversity in the garden has not gone so far that wild herbs have sown themselves, the gardener will actively sow herbs such as dandelion, celandine or garlic on each of the bedding areas that are not yet used, so that the areas are not exposed. In any case, a green manure is sown in any case where there are not enough soil organisms visible to the naked eye, as well as a foundation seed with good starter plants on newly developed garden areas with compacted soils. If possible, digging up is not done at all, as already mentioned, the soil organisms do not want to be disturbed as much as possible in their work, only really very densely compacted soils may possibly be dug up at the beginning of the development.
Early or late harvest in the natural garden
Wild herbs such as black cabbage (be careful, only young leaves before flowering are tolerated in moderation harmless) or Knoblauchrauke enrich now in spring your salad with plenty of vitamin C, with delicate and vitamin-rich dandelion and a few equally healthy, but also deliciously garlic-tasting wild garlic leaves the salad becomes a spring vitamin cure. The wild garlic should now, as young as possible be harvested, processed into spicy wild garlic butter, he can hike into the freezer.
What is already sown or planted, has already been mentioned above, at Ökogärtner will be in contrast to conventional cultivation certainly some almost forgotten vegetables such as peas, Salatrauke and ever different old salads. In addition, he cultivates his vegetables in mixed culture, which mutually positively influences and observes a crop rotation, which he has previously planned, so z. For example, if the cabbage does not land on the area where it was last year.
In the course of all this work, the natural gardener does not forget to harvest the last winter vegetables, otherwise savoy cabbage, leek or salsify would shoot in seed and could no longer be eaten.
Practical tips for the month of March
- Break moss and dead plant felt in the lawn well. Cut off lawn edges. Carry out the grasscut for the first time. Insufficiently drained areas pierce with the grave fork and sandy compost in the hole filling.
- Watering evergreen trees and bushes after a dry winter. Loosen the soil under the trees only superficially, with rhododendrons any hacking is forbidden. Finish cutting the trees. Start with control of unwanted wild herbs.
- Cut back the roses and mulch.
- Division and transplanting of older perennials, columbine, hellebore, lavender, lupine, poppy, peony, sage, gypsophila, scabious, steppe candle, bleeding heart. Remove winter protection from sensitive biennials.
- Complete soil preparation for sowing of annual plants. Sow summer flowers in the bright room window or in the warm cold frame in containers.
- Keep warmed up gladioli tubers for the purpose of early flowering, and sort out sick seedlings. Withered flowers blooming in spring
- Remove the bulbous plants. Mulch lily beds slightly.
- Preventive treatment of sour cherries against fruit and twig monilia and peaches against ragweed disease. Fight fruit peel winder caterpillars. Cut down powdery mildew fallen spikes on gooseberries and burn them. Treat wood diseases.
- Fruit cut in pome fruit: Cut until the beginning of flowering on berry bushes, cherries and plums. Cut apricots and peaches just before flowering.
- Vegetables, broccoli, cardi, eggplant, melons, spinach, peppers, celery and tomatoes under glass.
- Plant kohlrabi and lettuce. At the end of the month sow early carrots, broad beans, radishes, radishes, salsify, spinach and onions in the field.
- Kitchen herbs, towards the end of the month garden cress, chervil, lovage, lemon balm, chives, parsley and thyme.