Garden Calendar for June - The Best Gardening Tips

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The garden calendar for June includes a variety of tasks, which for real hobby gardeners rather relaxation than work. Most of this work has to be repeated at different intervals year after year. A prerequisite for strong and healthy plants and a rich harvest is a well-prepared soil that ensures optimum water and nutrient supply. In order to keep the plants healthy, protection against diseases and pests also plays an important role.
The ornamental garden in June

  • Supporting, cutting, cleaning and fertilizing
In the case of large perennials such as peonies and dahlias, but also lilies, attaching columns is recommended in June. These protect plants with large and heavy flower heads from buckling or falling apart in wind and heavy rain. To increase the stability of medium-sized perennials, these can be piled on the base about 10 cm high with soil, provided that the shoot base is lignified, otherwise there is a risk of decay. Early-flowering perennials should now be cut back after flowering, so they remain nicely compact. Especially recommended is the cut in perennial species, because they are weakened by the seed formation, with short-lived perennials self-seeding is often desired. Shorten the shoots by about a third. For perennials such as rhododendron and shrub peony, withered inflorescences should be removed on a regular basis. Even cushion-forming perennials can now be trimmed and kept in check. After pruning, it is advisable to provide the plants with a suitable fertilizer. Tip: tie up perennials loosely and do not tie them too tight, otherwise exactly what you want to prevent actually happens, they bend over at the laced point. The intersection of hedges should be avoided from March to June because of the main breeding season of the birds.
  • Rose care
For health maintenance and for a possible second flowering roses should be fertilized again in June, at best with an organic fertilizer, eg. B. with nettle or wood ash. Organic fertilizers have the advantage over minerals that they are gradually released to the plants, so that over-fertilization is avoided. Do not fertilize at the end of June beginning of July and always remove withered flowers. Containerware can still be planted in June.
  • Sow two-year-old summer flowers now
In June, biennial flowers such as mullein, barnacle, bluebell, gold lacquer or hollyhock can be sown. Some only form leaves in the first year, overwinter in the form of a leaf rosette and then flower in the second year. It is sown in a cold frame in fine crumbly soil and keeps the substrate evenly moist. The germination is usually relatively fast, so that the seedlings can be piked, or planted out.
lawn care
  1. In May newly created lawn can be mowed for the first time in June.
  2. Lawn may already be dryness in June.
  3. Grasses are now growing.
  4. You need extra water during this time.
  5. If the natural rainfall is insufficient, water abundantly.
  6. If possible, always water early in the morning.
fruit and vegetables
  • Harvest strawberries
For strawberries, June is the main harvest season. It is best to mark particularly rich plants with a stick or similar, because only those should be used later for the propagation. Around the strawberry plants, a mulch layer of straw should be spread to protect the fruits from rot. If you want to make delicious teas or jellies from elderflowers, you can now harvest the fragrant flowers. Only fully flowered flowers are harvested.
  • Sow different vegetables
In June, it is possible to start growing various types of vegetables. For example, summer salads such as lettuce, pickle and salad or lettuce can be sown in the garden. The same applies to autumn and winter salads for a late harvest such. Zichoriensalat, radicchio or endives. Other vegetables that can now be sown are bush and bean beans, sweetcorn, peas, cucumbers, radishes or kale. For a planting in June u. a. Leek, kohlrabi, celery, broccoli, zucchini, pumpkins and various herbs. Also onions can now be plugged. To protect against the vegetable fly it is advisable to protect onions, carrots as well as cabbage with vegetable nets.
  • Extract tomato plants
Tear tomato plants regularly from June. The shoots forming in the leaf axils are removed as early as possible. Leave a maximum of two main drives. From now on, fertilize tomatoes with nitrogen and water abundantly. Like cucumbers and pumpkins they need supports or a climbing aid.
Tip: When growing vegetables pay attention to the crop rotation and suitable mixed crops. Some species are incompatible with themselves or other species and may be susceptible to disease or pest infestation.
Pruning, mulching and fertilizing trees
For some trees it is time to cut them back. Thus, sweet cherries can be limited in height and width and lighted, because at this time, the wound healing is particularly good. Sweet cherries do not have to be cut every year. Even spring-flowering ornamental shrubs such as snowball, forsythia, Deutzia or winter jasmine can be made in June. In the process, individual shoots are removed near the ground or at the base, as well as intersecting, too close, inwardly growing and diseased shoots. An appropriate cut should be made approximately every three years.
On stone and pome fruit, excess fruits can be removed. Partly fruit trees get rid of the so-called 'Junifall' even a part of the fruit, but despite all, usually still remain too many on the tree. Remove all damaged, poorly positioned and apparently already too small fruits. Only well-exposed and healthy fruits should be left on the wood. A layer of mulch, which is brought out under fruit trees and berry bushes in the spring, keeps heat and moisture in the soil and protects against excessive weed growth. Trees and bushes are fertilized with nitrogen for the last time in June. Tip: Before mulching, the area should be thoroughly cleared of weeds.
What else is to be considered
The garden calendar in June gives recommendations on how to cultivate individual plant species. In addition to cutting, sowing and planting, it is all about soil maintenance and the right amount of fertilizer and watering. The soil should be chopped regularly, which minimizes weed growth, optimally aerates the soil and protects it from excessive dehydration, as loose soil evaporates less water than, for example, a muddy soil. Complete fertilizers, which consist mainly of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, are usually not recommended, because garden soils are usually over-supplied with potassium and phosphorus. If the flower formation is low, rock flour can be incorporated. Corn, cabbage, tomatoes, zucchini and aubergines have a particularly high nitrogen requirement, so it is advisable to top up with an extra dose of nitrogen about four weeks after setting in June.
Cast only when the soil has dried to a depth of 5-10 cm. Exceptions are tomatoes, cucumbers or pumpkins as well as young plants and annual summer flowers, which require an extensive water supply. In addition, should not be poured in the noon hours. The pouring with herbal or Pflanzenjauchen is recommended for almost all plants. However, the correct dosage should be taken to avoid burns. These brews or Jauchen supply the plants with nutrients and trace elements and serve the plant protection. Comfrey leaves can supply cabbage, celery and tomatoes with potassium and protein, chamomile can protect vegetables and ornamental plants from root diseases and horsetail broth can prevent fungal diseases.
According to the garden calendar, there is also a lot to do in June, be it in fruit and vegetable cultivation or in perennial and woody grooming. Now is the time of sowing, planting but also of harvesting. In addition, a certain amount of care is necessary at all times. Only then can one enjoy a lush flowering and harvest healthy fruits.
Worth knowing about gardening in June
  • Lawn: In case of dryness, water thoroughly once a week and set the blades of the lawn mower higher. Perform summer fertilization with high nitrogen content.
  • Trees and shrubs: trapezoidal cut deciduous trees at the end of the month. Remove blooming azalea and rhododendron flowers. Water young trees and shrubs in dry weather.
  • Roses: Cut blooming roses with the two leaves underneath. After the first flowering, the summer cut takes place. Demolish wild shoots from the rhizome.
  • Two-year and perennial plants: Preventing seedling, fine-grained asters, larkspur, troll flowers and other flowering plants from forming seeds. Sow well-proportioned and transplanted early-flowering perennials, sow summer flowers such as barnacles, gold varnish, mallows, ladybugs, petals, pansies and forget-me-nots.
  • Annual plants: Sow the late summer flowers, such as cornflower, poppy and creeping flowers. Continue planting traffic lights, flower boxes and facing.
  • Onion and tuberous plants: Remove from the ground as soon as the leaves turn yellow. Store after shady and airy drying. In dahlias leave vigorous shoots. Support tall bearded iris and cut off the stem after flowering.
  • Fruit, pome fruit: Thinn out after the Juniper crop and spin off new shoots in trellis cultivation. Treat leaf fall disease in berry fruits. Administer last headache. Decline strawberries and defolate after harvest. Remove nests of gypsy moths from pome and stone fruit.If monilia rot occurs on branches of sour cherry, radically cut back into healthy wood.
  • Vegetables: Again lettuce, radish, carrots, bush beans and radishes. Plant kale and summer endives. Fight aphids on all bean types. Chip box cucumbers on the sixth to eighth sheet. Streak tomatoes regularly and tie.
  • Kitchen herbs: In the field, sow the dill and chervil in sets.

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