Creating a garden: design tips for beginners

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Whether it is a completely new or an existing garden, especially garden beginners often do not know what to do with the planning and installation of their green home. We provide you with numerous design tips and show you step-by-step which points to consider when planning your dream garden.

First of all, the most important thing is to have a basic idea. So everyone has at the beginning of an approximate idea of ​​what his garden should look like later. So that you are finally satisfied with the result and the whole garden later gives a coherent picture, you should first consider whether you prefer a specific garden style or a specific color concept. Harmonious combinations of plants, structural elements, furniture and accessories are in demand, so that the individual parts come together to form a successful overall picture.

All beginning is creative

Many people want a garden that not only looks beautiful, but is also practical. With a few skilful preliminary considerations, they quickly come to their desired result. Whether professional or hobby gardener - the beginning of a garden planning always begins with the same basic questions: What are my demands on the property, which elements must not be missing? Once a wish list has been created, it is time for a rough layout: Where is the right place for a sunny perennial and herbal bed or a pond, where do I build a quiet, shady seat for leisure on hot summer days?
The garden gains its first firm contours when forming the surfaces. The result is most striking when they consistently focus on a style, such as rectangular or round shapes, which in turn are filled with strictly geometrically shaped plants or garden design in Mediterranean design. The natural-looking counterpart are gardens with curved lines, flowing transitions between adjacent areas and freely growing plants. If you are looking for a mix of the two extremes, you should still choose a creative focus and only focus on selected areas in the garden.
The starting conditions for the garden design depend primarily on whether it is still a completely bare new building area or an aging garden. In the second case one should consider what needs a thorough renovation. Sometimes you can already make a big impact by reshaping small areas.

The perfect terrace

Modern designed seat

On this imaginative terrace, you can sit undisturbed with friends or family: The close planting around it provides good privacy

To a cozy garden is also a place where you can sit together after work and relax. The terrace is the main seat of most gardens and often serves as the second living room in summer. In order to feel comfortable here, some criteria in the garden design should be met such as enough legroom, adequate protection from the sun, wind and prying eyes. In most cases, the terrace connects directly to the house and should therefore not deviate greatly from the architectural style. Other seats in the garden offer the chance to chat in an intimate atmosphere and to relax in peace.
To make your stay on the terrace as comfortable as possible, the space should not only provide enough space for furniture, but also for guests: stretch out your legs and leave his seat without having to start large Umräum-actions are important at this point. The required space on the terrace increases when accessories and potted plants are to be accommodated. To make room for celebration, the terrace can be visually enlarged by creating a seamless transition to the lawn. This now offers more seating.

Plan garden paths properly

Garden path mysterious

Somewhat mysterious this garden path looks through the appropriate planting

Since stairs and garden paths connect and divide different areas, they are important elements for landscaping and should be included early in the planning. If a new garden is created, it must be clear for the route guidance and design which area should be used for what. Functional connections such as between kitchen and herb garden should lead directly to the goal and have a straight run. Large gardens provide space for winding paths for strolling. Here, wide curves look elegant, narrow to abrupt. Being able to orient oneself on a bed or a pond helps to find suitable new ways.

When choosing the material, aesthetics, function and durability play a central role.For less frequently used paths, inexpensive, comfortable materials such as bark mulch, gravel and grit are available. So that in bad weather, the loose material does not migrate into the adjacent areas, a lateral edge trim makes sense. For main roads you use pavement and slab coverings. Natural stone is the first choice for many new and redesigners, as it is hard to beat in terms of appearance and durability. Concrete block coverings are the cheap alternative. Wooden footbridges are currently very much in demand, but in shady areas in rainy and snowy conditions, there is an enormous risk of slipping from them. Also pay attention to durable materials such as oak, robinia or tropical wood from sustainable forestry.

Create lawns

Lawn theme page

A lawn can be found in almost every garden and offers many uses

Almost every home garden has a lawn. When the terrace, patio and paths are paved and hedges, roses and shrubs are planted, the remaining naked soil is sown with grass. Mostly it is an area in the middle of the property - an exciting garden looks different! The green carpet offers many design options, if you include it in the planning. On a floor plan from the garden you can let your creativity run wild with pencil and crayons and play with the different shapes.

Video: Sow the lawn properly

A large lawn can be interrupted by large stone slabs, also the reverse principle is interesting: mini-lawns that loosen a large paved area. It is important that the slabs or paving stones are installed a little deeper than the lawn, so you have no disturbing thresholds when mowing. To create a sculptural edge, the lawn should generally be slightly higher than adjacent paths and beds. To preserve this effect as long as possible, you can surround it with a steel strip or with a narrow strip paving stones. If such a border is missing, the lawn edge is regularly tapped with a spade or a special edge piercer.

Hedges, walls, fences: create attractive borders

Seat with privacy

Seat with privacy

Fences, walls and hedges frame your green oasis. Depending on the design, they offer visibility, - wind and noise protection. Within the garden, they provide structure or are just beautiful to look at and therefore must not be missed. To decide what you want to do with your garden, first clarify which benefit should be met. Are you particularly concerned about security or is the privacy of the screen in the foreground? Do you prefer an open atmosphere? Garden size, cost and labor are also crucial factors in the selection.

Even within the property, the use of hedges and structural partitions plays an important role. They break down, structure and thus provide tension and atmosphere. High limits provide privacy and wind protection or separate garden spaces from each other. Before they begin to settle their land, they should first clarify whether a permit is necessary because it is a building. It may even happen that the building control authority stipulates height, condition and material. Modern boundaries for a room in the garden are for example gabions, dry stone walls in which plants can grow or a passage, characterized by a rose gate.

Cleverly place trees

Seating under ball tree

If you are planning a tree right next to a seat, you can look forward to pleasant summer shades

Trees and shrubs become more and more beautiful over time. However, they can hardly be transplanted, while perennials, summer flowers and grasses can always be repositioned. In order to have the long-term development of the garden in mind, adequate information is essential. Nothing is more annoying than a tree that, after a few years, has developed into a full-fledged figure, to fall or to deface it by vigorous pruning. When selecting trees, it is important to keep in mind: how tall and wide they are, how fast they grow and how well they can be kept in check with a pair of scissors or a saw. If you have enough space, you can count on beauties such as the trumpet tree and magnolia, which develop into impressive trees over the years. For example, ornamental apples or ornamental maples, which offer something for every garden with their diversity of varieties, are significantly smaller.

Trees to be placed individually should have a beautiful appearance throughout the year. Woody plants are ideal, which score optically several times a year: Ornamental apples, for example, have numerous blossoms in spring and in the fall they adorn themselves with bright fruits. Many ornamental maples captivate by a play of colors of the leaves, which ranges from the sprout to the autumn coloring. Woods that look good even in winter like the Tatar dogwood (Cornus alba) with its blood red twigs or the cinnamon maple (Acer griseum) with its bright red-brown bark, complete the picture. An enrichment for all woody groups are evergreens.In the spring and summer, they bring peace between colorful flowering shrubs, in winter they complement the garden as green islands. While you can cut back most foliage-bearing evergreens such as book, holly and cherry laurel well, tolerates the conifers only a strong pruning in the conifers.

Clear, geometric shapes generally attract attention. This effect is achieved primarily with trellis linden, roof plane trees and garden bonsai. However, they have to follow their contours with scissors on a regular basis, which results in a considerable amount of time. Also ball-maple and ball-robinia stand out due to their exceptional crown shape and are therefore a popular element to make a garden.

Schedule flowerbeds

Mixed flowerbed

A mixed flowerbed with ornamental shrubs, perennials, annuals and biennials can be seen all year round

Flower beds in the garden are characterized by a high variety of colors and shapes. Therefore, the design is the supreme discipline of all plant lovers. In the beginning, however, it's about finding the right shape for the ornamental beds. Classic English discounts usually run along the garden border straight ahead: this promotes a clear layout of the property in the bed, lawn and paved area. If you prefer organic, flowing forms, you should set the edges of the beds as far as possible. On the other hand, too tight curves and angles are usually too artificial. A slightly different trend are so-called island beds. They are detached from the house wall or garden border and are located in the middle of a lawn or paved area.

Once you have decided on the shape of the bed, it goes on creatively and you can deal with the plant selection: To keep to the course of the seasons, so that flower fun is given around the year, is a possible variant. From early spring to late autumn, this dream can be realized. Prerequisite is a sufficient bed area of ​​at least eight square meters, so that you can plant for every season harmonious combinations with magnificent flowering effect. For smaller beds it is recommended to set one or two seasonal priorities.

You can also design your bed according to the color wheel. With it you can choose harmony or contrast colors and decide on exciting combinations. Color gradients, for example from blue to violet, create attractive variations.

Create a garden plan

Garden planning on the paper

The path to the dream garden starts with garden planning on paper

The most important tips and tricks to make a garden plan yourself, we have captured by pictures for you. For this you need a pencil, drawing and tracing paper, possibly circular stencils, a circle, a fineliner and crayons.

  1. Draw the current state to scale, draw in the same plan seating areas, lawn area and herb bed
  2. Cover empty translucent paper, draw desired elements (for example terrace) and paths to scale
  3. Enter growth size of shrubs with circle template
  4. Draw in trees with a compass
  5. Roughly hatch bedding planting areas
  6. Place an empty banner over the drawing and fix it
  7. Transfer outlines with a fineliner, complete the furniture
  8. Colorize with different colored colored pencils
  9. Wish colors suggest, they avoid too many different colors.
    Make a note of all planned plants on a separate list

Refined design tricks

Harmony with symmetry

Harmony with symmetry

If you consider the following simple principles when designing the garden, creating a garden is no longer a big secret:

  • To create harmony and symmetry, one should choose clear forms and a mirror-like layout. Through straight paths and a lateral planting with hedges and shrubs creates a spatial depth, the eye wanders as if by itself to the end of the corridor.
  • Who has a small garden, may perhaps know the problem: Lush plantings can be even small areas seem even more irrelevant. To counteract this oppressive sensation, select light or white trees and shrubs such as flamingo maple (Acer negundo 'Flamingo') and perennials with white and blue flowers should be selected and placed at the end of the garden. Since dark-colored and warm tones act closer, you also plant such trees in the foreground.
  • The leaf structure of trees and shrubs also has an effect on the overall impression. To make narrow, long gardens look shorter, trees and shrubs with large foliage such as hydrangea, tulip tree, walnut and plane tree are used. Plants of fine structure such as yew, cypress and book are placed in the front part of the garden. Coarse structures create closeness, because everything that is near seems big. Dark, large-leaved trees like rhododendron support this effect.
  • Arbitrarily placed woody plants on the edge of the garden are often monotonous and do not produce an impressive effect. Put transplanted, they enhance the spatial effect and make the plot appear deeper.The eye can better distinguish nearness and distance, creating a harmonious sense of space for the viewer.

Tip: Variety does not necessarily mean tension

Properly used, recurring elements bring stability and tranquility to the garden and look attractive. Forms such as cut yew trees and bookballs are ideal for such purposes. However, one should note the number of plants: even numbers such as two, four and six are perceived as inharmonious, so you should rather avoid odd numbers.

Video Board: Step 1 - How to Design a Backyard Garden.

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