Garden fence

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General to the garden fence

Garden fences have been around for many centuries. They provide privacy and cosiness, help us feel secure in the garden and, depending on the design, also serve to protect the residents. But what makes a good fence? What forms of garden fences are there and what must be considered in the construction?

The fence is a special form of land plot. Unlike a wall, a fence is basically a permeable structure. It is also not built like walls or walls permanently, but potentially rebuilt or in certain places, for example, by a gate to open. In most cases, a fence is made up of vertical posts that provide stability and transverse centerpieces that are tensioned, braided, welded, bolted or nailed. Special forms of the fence are visual fences and gabions because they lack the permeable properties of a real fence.

garden fence

A garden fence is a permeable structure, both for looks and for plants

The garden fence through the ages

A garden fence serves - just like a wall or a hedge - the demarcation of the own property from the public space or from the neighbor and marks the own property boundary. In addition, it can serve many other purposes, such as providing wind and privacy protection, preventing animals from entering or leaving, protecting children, or simply looking beautiful. For a long time, the fence around the house and the plot had primarily a protective function. Already the first human settlements surrounded their villages with simple wooden or wicker fences for protection against wild animals and intruders. Over time, as the need for property and privacy grew stronger, lower versions of these fences also invaded the private gardens. Now not only whole villages, but each property was fenced off for themselves. The more the social focus shifted to one's home and family life over the centuries, the more the garden fence became a meaningful status symbol. The wedding of the prestigious garden fence can be found in Europe in the 19th century, where towering, ornate iron fences with heavy gates surrounded the home. Today, there is a variety of fence types around the home depending on the area, type of land and prevailing building codes. And even if the fence still represents - after all, it is the first thing the visitor gets to see from the property - so the garden fence is nowadays no longer just a means to an end, but also a popular design element.

Materials for the garden fence

For garden fences the most diverse materials are offered in the specialized trade. The classic among the decorative garden fences is still the wooden fence. Fences made of wood have a very natural flair and fit seamlessly into the garden design, but must be properly maintained, so they last long. Robust woods such as oak, sweet chestnut, robinia, Douglas fir or larch last much longer than the favorable varieties of spruce, willow or pine wood. To improve the durability, the woods are sometimes pressure-impregnated and varnished.

garden fence

The classic garden fence is made of wood, which takes on a nice patina over time

If you like it durable and stable, you reach for a metal fence. The heavy-weight wrought iron, which is one of the premier craftsmanship in private fence construction, now gives way to more and more fences made of powder-coated aluminum or steel. These materials are lighter, less expensive and require virtually no care. A mixture of metal fence and wall is the gabion. In this modern fence technique, wire mesh baskets are filled with stones and stacked as a wall. Gabions are impermeable, extremely solid and provide complete privacy. For low fences, for example, between terraced houses, like wire mesh fences are drawn. The powder-coated wires, stretched in small rectangles, are stretched between each two posts and border the garden very inconspicuously from the neighboring plot. Plastic fences are inexpensive and light in weight, but they do not last long weathering and look pretty unsightly. Modern fence models combine aluminum columns with slats made of wood or plastic and adapt to every type of house and garden. When painting with varnish or glaze, pay attention to environmentally friendly colors.

Fence types and models

As a garden fence over the centuries some fence types have been established, which are still used today. Important in the selection of the fence type is the design of the house and the property, because only so a harmonious transition is possible.

Classic fencing garden fencing includes the picket fence, the fence fence, the hunter's fence and the wicker fence made of willow branches. All four fences are made of wood and form a rather loose, airy demarcation. The gaps and the rough surface of the wood provide climbing plants with support, while the gaps in the lower area allow hedgehogs to slip into the garden. Bauerngarten wooden fences are usually not painted in color, but retain their natural appearance to merge with the natural colors of the garden. For these reasons, the Bauerngarten wooden fences are a great choice for the natural garden.

Garden fence and garden shed

A fence fence looks very delicate and goes well with rural or naturally landscaped gardens

The fence made of wrought iron, on the other hand, is an impressive decorative element and lends the garden a stylish, romantic touch thanks to its clear presence. Since a wrought-iron fence comes along very solid, it is more suitable for large gardens. Color and design - from crocheted to modern and straightforward - are varied and should be adapted to the style of the house. The choice for smaller terraced gardens are often inconspicuous low wire mesh fences, which disappear discreetly behind a bed of beet or a hedge.

Building regulations

Setting up a garden fence is not always voluntary. In many places applies to official order that cultivated land must be fenced. Nevertheless, one must not fence in freely: The fence must be "customary", ie in terms of material and height approximately in the immediate vicinity, which can vary greatly from residential area to residential area. Usually - but not always - a maximum height of 1.20 meters, sometimes less, if it is a pure plot boundary ("fencing"). Screen fencing may be up to two meters high depending on the location. It also makes a difference whether one separates several gardens to each other, or the own garden to a road or an agricultural area. For terraced houses usually applies: Every garden owner must, viewed from the street, fencing the right garden side to the neighboring property. So, before you pick a garden fence, be sure to check with your local council on this subject, as there may be a municipal front yard set with many rules and restrictions. Talk to your neighbor in advance about your blueprints, so that it does not come later to disagreements. In certain cases, the consent of the neighbor is even a legal requirement for a fence construction. In this context, you should also clarify who will be responsible for the costs and maintenance of the fence in the future, because a wooden fence, for example, should be painted regularly on both sides.

Fence and gabion combined

Picket fences and gabions provide good privacy - which is a must, especially for smaller plots

Set up garden fences correctly

If you want to set up a garden fence, you must first inform yourself exactly about the course of the property boundary and the associated distance rules to the neighbors. Then plan the course of your garden fence with the help of a guideline. Measure and mark the exact location of each post. Tip: If there is room, lay out the fence along the course line as it should be later, so problem spots are immediately apparent. A garden fence serves as a free-standing property boundary and must therefore have a certain stability. It has to withstand wind and weather as well as impacts of humans and animals. Therefore, it is important to anchor the supporting posts of the fence well in the ground. Lighter fences can be fixed in mud or clay-containing, solid ground by impact sleeves or screw-in anchors in the ground. In many cases, however, a small concrete foundation must be cast per post, which stabilizes the fence. Calculate the drying time of the concrete from 24 to 48 hours in the construction time of the fence necessarily! Align the posts, and especially any garden gate, with the spirit level and use only stainless steel screws when screwing the fence, otherwise ugly rust marks may result.

Plant garden fences

Planted garden fence

A garden fence can best be planted with annual climbing plants such as nasturtium

In particular, wooden fences, but also wire mesh and metal fences provide a wonderful playing surface for all types of planting. The most popular are climbing plants such as Wicken, Clematis, Nasturtium, Morning Glory, Schwarzäugige Susanne or Ivy. Even roses tend to decorate between the fence slats. High-growing perennials and summer flowers such as the High Bush Mallow, Sunflowers, Larkspur and Eisenhut like to lean against garden fences. But beware: Climbing plants catch the rain with their leaves in the summer, but evergreens such as ivy keep the moisture in the wood in the winter, which can lead to decay. Also keep in mind that a protective coat of the fence after planting with climbing plants is no longer readily possible. One-year-olds who retire in winter are therefore a good solution for fence planting.

Video Board: How to build a simple garden fence.

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