Prepare garden soil optimally - tips for the start of the season

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To prepare the garden for the new season, loosen the soil with a cultivator or digger fork and fertilize it. Digging is taboo.

Sow in well-prepared garden soil.

After the winter break in March, it is brisk to the gardens. A new gardening season has begun. Now the soils are prepared extensively for sowing. In concrete terms, this means that the soil is loosened and organic fertilizer is applied to it. So the garden floor is well ventilated on the one hand and on the other hand, the soil organisms are activated with compost or natural manure. Until sowing, the microorganisms then release vital nutrients from the natural fertilizer into the plants.

Why not prepare the ground in autumn?

Some gardeners still share the view that they will prepare the ground for the garden season in the coming year in late autumn. It is not uncommon for the spade to be set low and the lower layers of the topsoil turned upside down. However, this significantly disturbs the life of soil organisms.
Deviating from this, however, clayey soil can certainly be dug up at the end of the season. For easing, work compost or stored animal dung into the heavy soil.

Green manure after harvest to improve the soil

Green manure with lupine.

In the following year's garden season you can do something good for your compact clods in the bed with a green manure. This is best suited for the time immediately after the harvest in the summer.

Corn salad, Persian or Alexandrinerklee but also lupine improve the soil and protect it from deception. With nodule bacteria in their roots, for example, clover, beans and lupins enrich the soil with nitrogen from the air. Before cultivating vegetables in spring, simply loosen the garden soil with a grave fork or a cultivator.

Prepare soil in spring is inevitable

Nothing is more important for the yield of vegetables from the kitchen garden than an optimal preparation of the soil in spring. The soil is only loosened with a grave fork or a cultivator. This protects the habitat of microorganisms and microorganisms in soil.

What do the organisms in the soil do?

  • The microorganisms release the nutrients for the plants from the humus and organic fertilizer. These are, in particular, vital minerals such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron and more.
  • Earthworms mix and aerate the soil in addition. With their vertical aisles, they facilitate the penetration of water into deeper soil layers, in addition, plant roots can grow faster into the depths.

It is best to fertilize the garden close to nature

Garden claw in use

➫ The dissolved nutrients in the inorganic fertilizer or fertilizer called, are absorbed by the plants in large quantities. This greatly accelerates the growth of the plants. They quickly become ill with disease and pests. And not only that: Soil life is weakened and excess nutrients are flushed into the groundwater and significantly burden nature.

➫ Compost or organic fertilizer (pelleted manure) is slowly degraded by the soil organisms. As a result, the nutrients are not abruptly available and the plants are of course gently supplied.

Conclusion: Violent digging before the garden season damages the soil life. Therefore, loosen the soil gently and fertilize your cultivated areas gently with an organic fertilizer

Video Board: Raised Bed Gardening For Beginners. Site Selection, Organic Soil and Mulch.

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