Fertile garden in spring - information on garden fertilization

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fertilize in the garden

In the spring, when the garden comes to life again, it needs a good fertilizer in addition to water and sunlight, which guarantees a rich flowering and harvest. Many nutrients that have been lost to the soil over the long winter have to be returned to the plants, so that they can develop healthy and strong again in the new garden year. But which fertilizer should be used here and how is fertilized properly in the spring.

The ideal time

Already when there are the first frost-free days, you can start preparing for a nutrient-rich soil. If the soil is dried up so well that it does not get stuck on the garden tools, then this is the ideal time to start. Of course, this differs from region to region as well as from year to year, so a specific date can not be called an ideal time. The beds need to be prepared before adding fertilizer.

The preparation

All beds need to be prepared so that the soil can absorb the new nutrients. So it is important that beds with one-year plants, which include the vegetable beds, be freed of all contaminated sites, if not already done in the fall. In the perennial plants, dead plant parts are removed and the trees may be cut back and fallen leaves are raked up. Even weeds that start to sprout with the first rays of sunshine must now be removed for the first time. However, the soil should not be dug up, but only gently loosened with a grave fork.
Tip: Especially in flower beds, where plants are still standing, care must be taken with the grave fork very carefully, so that no roots are damaged.

Check soil for texture

Every garden floor is different. There are loamy or sandy soils, accordingly, the fertilizer must be selected here. Many hobby gardeners have even gone over to having soil samples sent to the lab to find out what their pH level is. This is important in order to find out which fertilizer should be used. Here is how to proceed as follows:
  • from all surfaces, such as lawn, vegetable patch or ornamental garden take samples
  • this should be done in 10 to 15 places
  • These are mixed per bed and sent to a laboratory
  • costs between 10 and 20 euros
  • private and state-supervised laboratories carry out these investigations
Tip: If you have your garden soil examined for the condition in a laboratory, you will directly receive a list of the required fertilizers and you will be on the safe side when it comes to fertilising.

Compost and horn shavings

Horn chips

Nitrogen is found in almost every soil in the local latitudes too little. Therefore, fertilization with horn shavings is usually always useful, because this will supply the earth with enough nitrogen again. Compost can always be used as a fertilizer if sufficient potassium and phosphorus are present in the soil and therefore they no longer have to be supplied. The amount for the ideal fertilization can be calculated here as follows:
  • per square meter of garden soil about 100 grams of horn shavings
  • Star-gourmets like cucumbers, tomatoes or pumpkins need more
  • Beans, onions or peas are weak-eaters
  • These require less nitrogen in the soil
  • 3 liters of compost come on a square meter of soil
Tip: It makes sense to sieve the compost to be used beforehand, because only the composted parts are actually used. All larger parts, which still remain in the sieve, belong to the compost again for further decomposition.

Different types of fertilizers

Ideally, the prepared soils are fertilized about two weeks before replanting. For beds in which perennial plants are already settled, the fertilization can be done directly during the bed preparation with the grave fork. Depending on which fertilizer is used, it must be carefully lifted, mixed with water or simply sprinkled over the bed. So the nutrients can already penetrate into the soil and spread here before a new planting occurs. For purchased fertilizers from the well-stocked retailers should always be strictly adhered to the manufacturer's information, because neither an over-fertilization nor fertilization, in which too little nutrients are distributed, is helpful to obtain a rich harvest and the best possible result. In addition to the self-made compost and horn shavings, which must always be carefully mixed with the soil, the following fertilizers are still available:
Organic whole fertilizer
  • has the advantage that it consists of natural resources
  • Everything the plants need in terms of nutrients is included here
  • keeps the pH of the soil stable
  • is used before the actual fertilization
Cow or horse dung
  • unfortunately it has a smell
  • however, has a relatively balanced nutritional content
blue corn
  • relatively well-known slow-release fertilizer
  • All necessary nutrients are delivered
  • However, it can pollute groundwater by infiltration of nitrate
liquid fertilizer
  • are usually used for potted plants
  • they are administered with the irrigation water
  • many special products available
  • Liquid fertilizers are washed out quickly
  • Pantekali contains only potassium, sulfur and magnesium
  • good for tomatoes, all root vegetables and potatoes
Epsom salt
  • is only used for acute deficiency symptoms of magnesium
Tip: First and foremost, it is advisable to use a complete fertilizer, which is ideal for all plants equally. Only if something else has been determined in the soil sample, can special fertilizers be used. Everything else brings too much effort and is above all in the money. The special fertilizers are often very expensive to buy.

Fertilize the lawn

lawn fertilizer

Even a lawn, no matter whether it is small or spacious, needs fertilizer, so that the lawn can prevail against weeds. If the lawn has a pH below 5.5, the soil must first be limed sufficiently before fertilization. For this purpose, about 150 grams of lime are distributed on one square meter of lawn. By washing the lime gets into the earth. Then you can fertilize as follows:
  • Fertilization can take place three weeks after liming
  • the right time is the early spring
  • here can be directed to the blooming forsythia
  • the lawn is higher than five inches, mow before fertilizing
  • commercially available, nitrogen-containing lawn fertilizer use
  • can be used for most types of grass
  • The lawn is scarred three to four weeks after fertilization
  • the individual blades of grass have become strong through the fertilization
  • all weeds and lying grass clippings are removed
Tip: It is rare for the turf to have a pH above 8.5. If this is the case, you have to use a very acidic fertilizer.
To prepare the soil well in the spring, it is not enough to get fertilizer from the trade and sprinkle it over the bed or simply to use any liquid fertilizer. For fertilization in the spring, in order to achieve a good result in the ornamental plants and in the kitchen garden, therefore, much more must be made. Right now, in this important growth phase for all plants, the hobby gardener should therefore spare a little time and prepare his garden well for the new season.

Video Board: Build Amazing Fertile Garden Soil Using Free and Local Resources in your Mulch or Compost.

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