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Hardly any other garden element is as popular as the garden pond. No matter whether it is a small prefabricated pool with a few aquatic plants, a natural swamp bed, a large natural pond or a water landscape with stream and bubbling spring. A garden pond is an atmospheric oasis of tranquility, but also invites you to observe and discover. If you want to keep a good eye on your garden pond, it is best to lay the water near the terrace or a seat. The most natural effect of a pond at the lowest point of the property. Water plants need a lot of light, but in the middle of the day a garden pond should be shaded as far as possible and have enough distance to electricity and water pipes. Flat-rooting trees and plants that drive offshoots or rhizomes should not be planted in the immediate vicinity of a pond. If there are deciduous trees nearby, a net to protect against foliage is required in autumn.
The simplest variant are garden ponds made of finished plastic basins, which have to be overhauled every few years due to their usually small size. With pond liner much larger and more flexible designs are possible, the shape should fit in any case to the rest of the garden design. In addition to the conventional film made of PVC, pond liner made of so-called EPDM is becoming increasingly important. The synthetic rubber is more robust and durable than PVC film, but it is more difficult to process and more expensive. The crowning glory of the garden pond is a swimming pond, which requires approval from 100 cubic meters or 1.5 meters depending on the state. If a garden pond is filled with fish, it is often necessary to use garden equipment such as pumps and water filters to maintain the water quality.
Natural garden ponds
Garden ponds in a natural style are atmospheric oases with varied flora: water lilies open their graceful flowers in the middle of the water surface, while blue swamp irises, red blood-weider and yellow juggler flowers adorn the pond's edge. Outside the water, lady's mantle, daylily and three-willow flower bloom. Miscanthus and umbrella bamboo rustle in the wind and a gnarled, old apple tree provides pleasant shade at lunchtime. The large selection of plants is made possible by a variety of site conditions in and around the pond. The conditions for this is already created at the pond.
A varied planting is typical of a natural garden pond. From the jetty you can observe the flora and fauna
With curved shapes, the natural pond blends harmoniously into the garden. Even a slight slope is enough for a gently babbling brook, which meanders across the property and flows into the pond. A special enrichment are water landscapes with several ponds, which are in turn connected by overflows or streams. Waterfalls and cascades fall over rocks, bubbling stones or small fountains bring movement into the cool water. A subtle decoration supports the natural-romantic look.
The bank edge is a retreat for many pond inhabitants. Weathered rhizomes or cairns provide hiding places for toads and frogs. Dense green provides additional protection and beautifully frames the pond. But do not forget: Leave a part of the bank freely accessible, so that you can observe the life in the water up close and possibly also from the terrace an unobstructed view of the biotope is possible.
Rest and relaxation offer seating right on the pond. Very close to the animal world can be experienced by a wooden bridge, which partially protrudes over the water surface. If you have plenty of space, set up a sun and a shadow oasis on the water. For a fortified seat at the natural pond, a well-compacted gravel area is sufficient. Tip: If it is to be a pavement, natural stones from your region offer, which become an unobtrusive part of the water oasis.
The garden is increasingly used as an outdoor living space and therefore it is desirable that house and garden also blend visually into a harmonious "living space". The architecture of the house is reflected in modern landscaped gardens: shapes recur and the same materials are used - even in the right water ideas.
The building materials should fit in a formal garden pond to the rest of the garden design
The strict geometric shapes of a formal water basin fit well into the terrace design or act as a single form in a lawn or in the front yard. Dead straight gullies that stretch along a terrace or, for example, form the center of the garden, are very popular.As a noble eye-catcher, a modern waterfall is suitable: On a bricked cube or a concrete wall, a metal rail or glass plate is attached, over which the water pours - like a transparent curtain - in the stream or pond.
The building materials for modern pools and streams should find themselves as far as possible in the rest of the garden. For example, with large anthracite gray concrete slabs, both a terrace and the adjacent pool can be enclosed. Non-slip wooden floorboards are a good cover for your seat and fit elegantly to a swimming pond. Play with the design of a formal pond but not only with the building materials, also use different heights: For example, brings a raised pool edge the water closer to the viewer and invites you to linger. Lowered pelvis seem like a painting that can effectively be set in scene with edge beds or staircases.
In the case of the formal water basin, planting is restrained. It should remain visible enough reflecting water surface
Crystal-clear water is particularly important for a modern water basin, because the sky and the environment should reflect in the water and thus provide optical space - especially in small gardens a desired effect! Therefore, pay attention to the pelvic floor design. Dark foil, stone slabs or simple pebbles are calm and discreet. By contrast, colorful mosaic tiles attract attention and push the effect of the water surface into the background. The planting is restrained in formal water systems: Either you completely dispensed with water plants or you put only a few striking plants in the water, for example, a single water lily, a calamus or a dwarf cattail.
Asian garden ponds
The Garden of the Far East sees the garden as a small landscape reproduction: A pond symbolizes the sea, streams are replicas of the river, stone formations represent mountains, and cut pines and yew trees look like large, mature trees. This philosophy is in the foreground in both Japanese and Chinese style of design. Both directions are based on the Feng Shui doctrine, where water, especially moving water, stands for prosperity and happiness.
Real landscapes are the model for Japanese garden design: water, rocks and garden bonsai are among the most important elements
Of course, a pond should fit into the garden. Stone gardens with streams and waterfalls often border the pond area in Asia Gardens. Tip: If you place individual boulders or boulders, at least one third of the stone should be sunk in the ground. Otherwise, the stone looks like it's up and not like a natural part of the miniature landscape.
The red bridge is a typical design element of a garden pond in the Asia style
Stepping stones serve as bridges, which require slow walking and thus draw the attention of the beholder to the surroundings. With zigzag bridges or semi-circular bridges without barriers, ghosts are prevented from crossing the water. The color scheme of the water garden is discreet: the gray of the stones dominates. Evergreens like pines, bamboos and yews symbolize endurance. In addition, there are some color points at different seasons: In early spring, camellias, later rhododendrons, ornamental cherries and iris flower. In summer, hibiscus flowers show in the flower beds and lotus flowers in the water. Chrysanthemum flowers and foliage of the ornamental maple provide a change in the fall season. Thanks to the restrained planting of the water surface, the reflection of the bank plants becomes a spectacle, especially on clear days.
Unlike the classic pool, swimming ponds do not have chemical water treatment systems but have a so-called regeneration zone in which special substrates and aquatic plants extract excess nutrients from the water. This zone is usually separated by partitions to just below the water surface of the swimming area. Planted shores and curved shapes give the swimming pond natural charm. However, the regeneration zone needs space, it occupies depending on the manufacturer and system between 30 and 70 percent of the pond area. If one assumes a standard size of the swimming area of eight by four meters, the total area will be between 45 and 100 square meters.
In a swimming pond aquatic plants in the regeneration zone take over the purification of the water
The more technology used in the swimming pond, for example the skimmer and filter system, the tighter the regeneration zone can be. However, the maintenance costs increase accordingly. If you have the pond completely built by a nursery, you have to expect construction costs of 150 to 500 euros per square meter. Significantly cheaper are kits that you can at least partially self-build with craftsmanship and professional guidance of the provider.