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Nursing measures in June
- Now is the time to seed two-year-old summer flowers. Even for some perennials June is the best time. Best in partial shade, sowing shadows so that the soil does not lose the moisture that seeds need to germinate. Container plants and some perennials, which can be multiplied by cuttings, can now be cut and stuck in a damp soil-sand mixture. A hood over it ensures tense air, which favors the rooting.
- In the bed of roses in June is Hell's Hell. Many roses are already blooming at this time. A walk among the roses is a special experience. But there is plenty to do here too. The blooms must be removed regularly, the roses must be examined for pests in order to be able to react as quickly as possible. But you should remember: it does not always have to be poison. A well-tried home remedy helps against aphids to get rid of them quickly. The mixture of water, soft soap and a dash of alcohol is quickly prepared, is effective and is also completely non-toxic.
- Container plants regularly need water and sufficient nutrients in summer. Some plants, such as Brugmansia (angel trumpets) are veritable drunkards and eaters. You will need water every day and fertilizer frequently. The fertilizer promotes budding and growth. Even most potted plants tolerate the high dose of fertilizer, so you can, if no children and pets come to the rain barrel, the fertilizer directly into the rain barrel and pour all potted plants with this mixture.
- Everything is going his way in the kitchen garden. Lettuce, pickles salad, radishes can still be sowed, so you always have fresh supplies regularly. Still, it is not too late to plant preferred vegetables such as cucumbers, squash, tomatoes & Co. In June, the less well-known sheep's cold is to be expected. Watch the weather and, if necessary, protect vegetables (especially young vegetables) from the cold with a foil or fleece.
- Freshly purchased potted plants should remain in a partially shaded spot a few days after purchase before placing them in the sun. Rarely are the plants in the nurseries in the sun, they should get used to the new lighting conditions. However, if you plant them immediately, make sure that the soil remains moist. However, waterlogging should be avoided to prevent root damage.
- In the perennial flowerbed regularly remove blooms. High-growing, late flowering perennials, such as tall asters, cut back a bit in mid-June. The pruning makes the plants grow more compact, but the flower does not stay out. The incision stimulates instinct and bud formation. Perennials that have already withered can be cut off about 30cm above the ground. These willingly revive, and bring us a second (though not so lush) flowering in late summer early fall.
Berries are ripening, potato plants are growing rapidly, lawn care needs to be managed and the rock garden needs care... In June, there is a lot to do, but just the first harvesting fun. Ornamental gardens now need just as much care as kitchen gardens and fields. In the garden there is life in June, and you can tell. First ripe berries attract birds, pests infest the plants, and in between the fruit tree blossom of the next year still needs to be prepared.
Potatoes and other vegetables
The potato plants grow very quickly in late May and early June. If they reach a height of about 20 cm, they must be piled up. The potato beetle is already growing in many parts of Germany in June - it eats the leaves of the potato plant, which is so weakened that it rarely grows potatoes. Very fine nets above the plants keep the beetles away in a biological way, but there are also appropriate pesticides.
Tomato plants are already quite high in June. In order for them to grow well, they now have to be tied up. Geiztriebe form now. To protect the plants, the shoots should be broken carefully in June, if possible without injuring the trunk. They otherwise take a lot of power to the plants, which is lacking in the formation of flowers and fruits.
Vegetables that are harvested twice a year must now be sown at night. This concerns peas, beans, cabbage and beetroot. This seems early, but the plants need time to grow and mature. Even if it goes faster than the first sowing due to the higher temperatures and now very sunny days.
Cucumbers, if planted early enough, can be harvested by the end of June. However, this is rarely the case outdoors without a greenhouse.Cucumbers must be pointed out, that is, the shoots are cut. The main shoot is usually cut after the sixth leaf, the side shoots after the seventh leaf. Due to the limited growth, the plant has more power and usually produces more fruits.
Fruit trees and shrubs
Everything that bears fruit must be well-poured in sunny and warm June. This also applies to trees and shrubs. Especially young plants do not have such deep root system, they can not reach the deeper, always water-bearing soil layers and are dependent on casting. Fruit trees and shrubs perform heavy work in June and must be fertilized to ensure a regular supply of nutrients. The trees are already growing fruit. If there are too many, the fruiting tips should be thinned out to ensure a high quality and safe harvest. Some trees produce too many fruits, they lack the strength to fully train and mature all.
Fruit trees are now being cut out so that they will bloom again richly next year. This is the so-called summer cut. And, of course, they also harvest: cherries, strawberries, gooseberries and redcurrants are ripe in June. So that not cheeky birds steal the ripe fruit, you should cover shrubs and hedges with bird nets. So you can really let the fruits ripen outdoors, without losing too much crop yield. Of course, the fruits ripen after picking, but may have less flavor.
Strawberry shrubs now need attention too. Those to be renewed must be removed after the harvest. Streamers may like to take root, if desired. Those that are not needed for offspring should also be removed. Because they take power of the plant. Remember to gently loosen and rake the beds.
There is a lot going on in wine in June. The shoots must be attached, Geiztriebe can be carefully cut out. At least that's the way it is traditionally - drives of power rob the plants of the power, it was always said. Today it is known that Geiztriebe train exactly the same organs as the other shoots also, but somewhat smaller, because they grow later. They promote the ripeness of the grapes and should therefore be preserved. There is one exception: where the strong foliage of the Geiz drives extends into the grapes, it can be carefully spiced up. This prevents fungal infections. Strong foliage should be trimmed anyway in June anyway - for reasons mentioned above.
Lawns and hedges
The lawn just has to be mowed in June. In long periods of drought, of course, he needs water so that he does not turn brown, but that's all there is to do.
Hedges are being cut towards the end of June. Climbing shrubs now need to be tied up so they will stop. For roses that remount, the withered flowers should be removed so that they do not produce fruits. The production of fruits costs the plant firstly strength and secondly can reduce the number of other flowers. For shrubs you should also remove the withered flowers - this affects in particular the perennials in the rock garden, whose flowering time ends in many cases in June.
In June, the flowering plants are sown for the following year: Forget-me-not and pansies, columbine and mallow, thimble and cloves are expected to flower in the spring and summer of next year. In the field, they can already be sown.
Tips for quick readers:
- When potato plants have reached a height of 20 cm, they spread fine nets against the Colorado beetle in the middle to the end of June.
- Tail tomato plants and remove Geiztriebe if necessary.
- Saute peas, beans, beets and cabbage for the second harvest of the year.
- Cucumbers are speared, first early cucumbers can be harvested.
- Water fruit trees and shrubs well.
- Fruit trees cut back a bit for flowering next year.
- For fruit trees that have a lot of fruiting, remove some so that the remaining fruits can be fully developed.
- Cherries, strawberries, gooseberries and redcurrants can be harvested. Cover shrubs and hedges with bird nets.
- Remove old strawberry plants after harvest, root roots. Remove unused streamers.
- Pin grapevines. Cut back heavy foliage to prevent fungal infections.
- Remove shoots on wine when the foliage grows too close to the grapes.
- Mow lawn and water in dry conditions.
- Cut hedges towards the end of the month.
- Tie up climbing bushes.
- Remove withered flowers from remontent roses to prevent fruit formation.
- For shrubs (especially in the rock garden) remove withered flowers.
- Sow spring and summer flowers for the next year.