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Autumn in particular offers a variety of colors, bright orange pumpkins are a feast for the eyes, deciduous trees change color or autumn flowers such as the autumn peak or chrysanthemums are in full glory.
But October also means a lot of work for the gardener, so that in the spring everything can flourish as usual in abundance.
Maintain the garden pond properly
Anyone who owns a garden pond should think early to protect it against frost. Plant parts decompose at falling temperatures in the water. This leads to an increased oxygen content and fish would not survive this, even if there is still a layer of ice on the water. Therefore, you should remove dying material such as leaves of water lilies or fallen leaves, among other things, to prevent foul smelling fouling gases. Reed in the garden pond is a reliable supplier of oxygen even with a thicker layer of ice. If the pond runs out of water, it can freeze to the bottom. Fish would not survive this. Therefore, the water level should be about one meter.
Planting time for different species
Even if the actual flowering is over, you already have to remember in October to plant plants for the coming harvest. So it's just the right time for rhubarb and garlic. But also hardy perennials and evergreen plants now find a still warm soil in which the roots can grow well before the soil freezes. An additional protection by bark mulch leaves the sensitive roots well over the winter come. Likewise, some patent kali is recommended, which makes the plants more resistant to the coming frost. If you want blooming roses already in the spring, you should plant the rosebush as early as October. The same applies to onions of spring flowers, such as tulips or daffodils.
Autumn time is harvest time
Even in October, much can still be harvested and processed into delicious jams, juices or chutneys. Some fruits and vegetables can withstand even the first days of frost. Celeriac is harvested at the end of October. But you should definitely make sure that the vegetables do not dry out until then and is always sufficiently watered. Cabbages, such as Chinese cabbage, are also among the late varieties. Beets can be harvested throughout October. They are perfect for storing them over the winter. What absolutely must be done now is:
Preparing for the winter
Some work has to be done at the garden to prepare him for the next step, the wintering. The lawn is mowed one last time in October. It should weed out weeds, so it looks well groomed in winter. Tubers of various flowers such as dahlias or gladioli should be taken out of the ground and overwintered in the house. In the spring they can then be set again. Many hobby gardeners also swear on glue rings on the trees to protect them against caterpillars. These "little Frostspanner" then hatch in the spring and attack fruit trees. Shrubs such as blackberries or grasses such as bamboo grass must be cut after the harvest or before the first frost, so that they flower well and regrow. Foliage should be removed throughout the garden on the lawn. The fallen leaves prevent the lawn from drying. so that remains too high humidity and various lawn diseases would be the result. Not every leaf type can easily be composted. ideal are leaves of fruit trees, but also of:
It is very important to protect already planted flowers, shrubs, fruits and vegetables against the frost. As mentioned before, it is possible to use foliage from the garden to specifically lay out areas that need to be protected, such as newly sown perennials or set tubers. But also for herbal roots like chives. Another possibility of protection is the bark mulch. This is effectively crushed tree bark that protects the soil from drying out too much. It also prevents too fast spreading of weeds.But you should definitely pay attention to high quality, because cheap mulch are often mixed with products that have nothing to do with bark and harm the garden rather than use. There is also colored bark mulch, with which one can additionally set accents in the garden design. Not to be forgotten are the potted plants, which are better wintered in the house. Some nurseries offer a wintering service if there is not enough space in the cellar. The gardener takes care of the proper care. For example, plants such as agaves or oleanders must not be exposed to permafrost.
Offer the animals a home
The question is, where do you start with the work and where do you stop, because the individual areas in the garden must be well coordinated. A point that is highly recommended to animal lovers is to make the hedgehogs a place to spend the winter. Protected wildlife helps keep the garden free of snails or other vermin. Larger piles of foliage provide the hedgehogs an ideal hideaway for their winter sleep. If you want to offer the hedgehogs a more luxurious home, you can also set up small wooden houses where you can put sticks or twigs. In connection with foliage a compost is recommended. Autumn offers a sheer endless supply of foliage. If you want to use your compost in the best possible way, you should pay attention to the mixture. In addition to the green waste at least one half should be mixed with small chopped branches. The additional use of compost worms accelerates the composting, so that it can be used after about five months, therefore ideal for use in spring.
Tips for quick readers:
- Lawn, weather-dependent towards the end of the month for the last time, but cut a little deeper, leaving the crop on the surface.
- Remove fallen leaves constantly.
- Plant deciduous shrubs shortly before or during the deciduous period.
- More sensitive shrubs (clematis, gorse, clover, wisteria, summer lilac) can only be set in the spring with potted bales.
- Cut the roots by about one-third of the roots before planting them, dip them in a clay pulp and, after planting them, lather well. Cut out branches affected by diseases and stroke wound wax on the interface.
- Cut off blown shrubs directly above the ground.
- Delicate or non-hardy plants e.g. Bring certain chrysanthemum species and varieties into the greenhouse or take them directly to the bed.
- Remove blooming, not yet cleared annual plants or dig with.
- Begin the clearing and pruning of pome fruit at the end of the month.
- Plant the fruit trees after the natural leaf fall.
- From the beginning to the middle of the month harvest and store the latest apple varieties.
- Picking or picking up fruit infested by fruits and destroying, not composting.
- Vegetables, late vegetables, for example, carrots, rent, chicory roots to drive.
- Dig up the released garden beds.
- Cut off asparagus and burn.
- For outdoor hibernation provided vegetables (salad, carrots, onions) loosely cover.
- Harvest Chinese cabbage, celeriac, beets and other frost-sensitive outdoor vegetables in good time.
- Pot herbs, parsley roots and chives. Sow garden cress in peel.