Burning garden waste - what can one do?


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The own garden is for many garden owners the oasis of well-being par excellence. The work that gets done is almost thrilled, but every year many garden owners are faced with the problem: where to go with the tree trimming, the cut branches and the cut hedges? Some think of a small fire and the garden waste dissolves into nothing. Generally this is not allowed.
How is the legal situation with garden waste burned?
Solid fabrics may not be burned in your own garden nationwide. However, the individual federal states have issued special regulations that allow a fire to be ignited with dry plant waste. Each federal state has its own regulations in terms of scope and timing. There is no single legal regulation that allows the burning of garden waste, nor is there a uniform rule on special provisions. Information can be found in the waste compost or combustion ordinance or in the immission control law.
The competent authority provides information
Which authority is responsible in a particular case can be obtained from the municipality in the town hall. There is also communicated whether there are special regulations in individual cases. For example, in Berlin, Hamburg or Lower Saxony generally nothing can be burned. Who wants to burn garden waste, must observe the regulations of the individual federal state for fire prevention. This establishes a minimum distance to the hearth and to flammable and highly flammable substances. Anyone who violates a prohibition of combustion or fire protection regulations commits an administrative offense. Depending on the state, public waste disposal authorities, police authorities or public order offices provide information. Answers to exemptions and regional specifics can be found in the local government.
10 tips for burning garden waste
If you want to dispose of your garden waste properly and in accordance with regulations, you will receive 10 tips for burning garden waste:

  1. Even though the local government has relaxed the ban on burning gardening waste, a fire must not be lit indiscriminately.
  2. In most regulations for the burning of garden waste only a small wood fire (for example in a fire basket or in a firm fire place) is allowed. Deadlines must be respected, e.g. only twice a month or at certain times, for example from 8 to 18 o'clock.
  3. Which garden waste may be burned, is usually also clearly determined (for example, only dry and cut wood). Otherwise, however, no garden waste may be burned, e.g. Leaves.
  4. If the local statute states that the burning of garden waste is permitted, the garden owner must automatically adhere to the local fire protection ordinance.
  5. Who plans to light a fire in his garden, should inquire in advance at the regulatory office or at the fire department to the safety standards.
  6. Especially the minimum distances to forests and fields and public roads specified in the fire protection ordinance should be observed.
  7. In addition, the neighbor must not be bothered by the smoke. If this happens anyway and he is severely affected by the fire, he can obtain a claim for injunctive relief.
  8. If the garden owner does not react to this, the prevention of garden fires can be called in. In some federal states, however, a conciliation procedure will be initiated beforehand.
  9. If no garden waste can be incinerated in the region of the garden owner and there is otherwise no possibility of disposal, leaves and greens may be brought to the appropriate recycling center. The disposal is then free.
  10. Of course, the ecologically conscious garden owner knows long ago that the burning of garden waste is no longer up-to-date. Foliage and shrubbery, branches and twigs provide nesting possibilities for birds or as winter protection for hedgehogs. In shredded form, they can be reused as mulch or garden soil.
If the garden owner leaves the hearth, he should make sure that embers and fire are out. The burning waste must be dry and the fire must not be left unattended. Blowing a strong wind is a fire to refrain. The resulting smoke must not only not bother the neighbors, but also the passing traffic not. Only plant waste may be put into the fire, however, tree trunks are not included. Also, no furniture or painted furniture, tar or roofing felt, plywood and chipboard may be burned.
Tip for quick readers
Do not burn garden waste as air pollution and smoke may occur. In addition, risk of fire due to flying sparks.
Avoid burning up garden waste if possible
If the burning of garden waste is allowed, no lighting aids or other additives should be used.Care should also be taken to ensure that garden waste is usually incinerated only in April and October. The legislature not only sets the time frame, but also how large the pile of garden waste may be and whether it may be lit in a hearth or in a fire basket. Usually the upper limit of a heap is about one meter. Besides the consideration that needs to be taken on the neighbor, one should also be mindful of an uncontrolled spark. Therefore, a minimum distance prescribed by law for flammable objects must be observed.
In the past it was common to burn garden waste, so the amount of pollutants that develop with the smoke and the particulate matter pollution is considered very harmful. Therefore, in some states, the strictest prohibition of the burning of garden waste. The environmental benefit should be considered. Not only as a nesting place for birds or winter quarters for hedgehogs, the garden waste in shredded condition provides an excellent mulch that is fertile for the soil. Before lighting a pile, it should be re-stacked. This excludes the possibility of having young birds or other animals burned.
The composter is a solution
If you have enough space in your garden, you can also compost garden waste. By composting, not only household waste but also garden waste can be transformed into nutrient-rich humus. This can then be used as a fertilizer for vegetables and flowers. However, the rules of composting should also be followed. If a well-aerated compost sits properly together, the neighbors will not be bothered with smells. Even a closed quick composter keeps the odor nuisance within limits.
Anyone who still wants to burn their garden waste in the garden, should comply with the applicable laws in the state. No legal advice: Garden-Landscape.com is not liable for false statements. If you have any questions, please contact the municipality or the responsible office.
Burning garden waste - depending on the state
Theoretically, it is a good idea to simply burn plant waste, as it will quickly and easily be dissolved in the air. But basically it has to be said that the burning of solid substances is prohibited - this applies to all federal states. But when it comes to plant waste, there are some exceptions. The regulations on this can be found in the plant waste ordinances of the respective federal states:
  • If you live in Berlin, Hamburg, Baden-Württemberg, Lower Saxony or Bremen, you must generally not burn any plant waste.
  • The municipalities can provide information about any exemptions that may exist.
  • Within the individual federal states, there may be different responsibilities, because not every municipality, for example, has issued a waste ordinance.
  • Which authority is responsible for the individual, you learn in principle at the city administration or the municipality.
Before the incineration of garden waste one should therefore inquire exactly about the legal regulations. In particular, the state law regulations for fire prevention must be observed. In these regulations, for example, you can find the minimum distance from the fireplace to flammable and combustible materials. In principle, there is an administrative offense if one violates a prohibition of combustion or fire prevention regulations. The police or the competent authority can then act against this administrative offense.
Under consideration of the conditions, incineration of plant waste is possible in many federal states. However, one should consider, due to the many regulations, regulations and prohibitions, whether one burns his plant waste at all or does not prefer to use it for recycling. The fact is that the waste contains important nutrients that benefit the environment during recovery. In addition, microorganisms that are in the waste are not destroyed.
However, nobody should be denied a nice Easter fire, because that is the time when you like to make fire and meet his friends. In addition, much of the pruning of the trees and bushes has remained, which is then burned.

Video Board: How to Burn Yard Waste - Smokeless waste burning.

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