Gardening in October - tips for gardening in the fall

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The October lures again with beautiful days and often with plenty of sun. It is also an optimal planting month. Now you can plant trees, perennials, roses and spring flowers. Straight root-dead plants are now on offer and much cheaper than their potted conspecifics. So there is plenty to do once again. With all the work you should take the time to enjoy the colors of autumn.

  • It is planting time. Now it can be planted again, but it is also convenient to convert older specimens.
  • Raking leaves together!
  • The cheapest time when a rhododendron needs to be cut back strongly.
  • The cuttings cut in January can now be planted out.
  • Planting of bare root roses.
  • It is important that the soil is frost-free.
  • Shorten roots slightly, cut back shoots to 20 cm!
  • Water for 12 to 24 hours!
  • The treatment center should be at least two fingers below the surface!
  • After planting and watering well for the next few weeks!
  • Here is planting time.
  • Perennials will also be split and replanted in October.
  • Sharing grasses better in spring.
  • Remove unsightly, faded or dead shoots!
  • Leave beautiful inflorescences as winter decorations!
  • Use fallen leaves as protection for sensitive perennials! Only use healthy leaves!
Onion and tuber plants
  • Bring onion plants that have not been planted into the soil by October at the latest!
  • Now the non hardy bulbs and tubers must be taken out of the ground, e.g. of dahlias, canna, gladioli and tubers begonias.
  • Cut off the plants about 10 cm above the ground and remove them from the ground. Shake off soil and store tubers open for a few weeks. Remove damaged parts!
  • When the stems are dry, turn the tubers into crates of sand. Store at 8 to 10° C, as dark as possible.
summer flowers
  • Now pansies and horned violets are planted.
  • Cutting off blooms from the flowers.
  • Take out blooming plants from the beds!
potted plants
  • Dahlias, Canna and Co. cultivated in pots have to hibernate from the ground.
  • Onions of spring flowering plants can be planted in pots.
  • Protect planters from autumn storms, preferably on the house wall and place in wind-protected corners.
  • Prepare winter quarters! For tubs that stay outdoors, have wood and polystyrene plates ready!
  • If the temperatures fall below 10° C, adjust rose and plain mallow.
  • Leave all other potted plants in the open as long as possible, which will harden!
  • Very large plants can also be wintered in a nursery. They bring and bring the plants and provide them with care so that they survive the winter well.
  • Now only mow every two weeks. The lawn stops growing.
  • The cutting height remains the same.
  • Fertilize potassium fertilizer between mid-October and the end of November with patent potassium.
  • If a new lawn is to be laid in spring, dig up the area and remove the weeds!
garden pond
  • If you have not stretched a leaf protection net, you have to fish the leaves that have been thrown in daily!
  • Before the first frosts let all water-carrying hoses and taps run empty and turn off!
  • Clean pump and filter. To prevent the units from freezing, keep running!
  • If the water temperature falls below 15° C, remove delicate, not hardy plants from the pond and place in a frost-free winter quarters!
  • Remove dead plant parts from the pond!
  • If the pond is deeper than a meter, the fish will hibernate well in it. If the pond is shallower, it is better to take the fish into the house.
vegetable garden
  • Dig empty beds. Winter hard green manure improves soil quality.
  • It is also favorable to cover the empty beds with compost.
  • Winter onions can be applied.
  • Endives, chard, spinach, celery, fennel and radiccio varieties are harvested, as well as late varieties of cauliflower, broccoli, savoy cabbage, Chinese cabbage, red and white cabbage.
  • When temperatures drop below 10, all tomatoes harvest, even the greens. They do not mature anymore.
  • In the house at higher temperatures (18 to 24° C) they ripen.
  • Pumpkins are harvested until mid-October.
  • As soon as the first night frosts are announced, cover the herbs in the beds with cracking!
  • Herbs in pots and boxes come to winter quarters.
  • You can also plant peppermint, lovage and horseradish.
  • Good time to plant fruit trees (except walnut, chestnut, peach and apricot - the better in spring).
  • From late September to mid-October, the quinces are ripe and can be harvested.They are removed as soon as the base color changes to a strong yellow. If they hang too long, it often comes shortly after picking to the meat tan.
  • Harvest late maturing grapes around mid-October.
  • With walnut, the ripe nuts simply fall off. They should be collected every two days as the fruits on the ground quickly mold.
  • Summer crops must be out by October at the latest.
  • Clean windows, preferably with high-pressure cleaner.
  • Only pour if necessary, not too much!
  • Automatic irrigation system, if available, clear before the frost!
  • Ventilate during the day whenever possible.
  • Try heating and possibly repair or replace!
  • You can sow field and pick salad, wild rocket, salad bark, spinach and radish.
  • Anyone who hibernates the potted plants in the heated greenhouse should give them their first frosts!
  • It is ideal to sink the pots in the warmer soil. In addition, they are covered with brushwood.
It can be quite cool in October. It is expected to first night frosts. Delicate potted plants should therefore be brought to their winter quarters in time. Many of the potted plants are quite robust and tolerate light frost. These should be left out as long as possible. They are so hardened and more robust. Before adjusting, possibly cut back some plants and in any case check for pests!

Video Board: The California Garden In October - Harvests & Fall Garden Preparation Guide.

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