The Content Of The Article:
- Finding the right location
- Select the ideal substrate
- Planting Gardenias - explained step by step
- Gardenias in the summer quarter
- Beware of the flowers!
The gardenia is actually one of the classic indoor plants. Under certain conditions, the plant with the wonderfully fragrant flowers can also be cultivated outdoors.
The gardenia is much more than a flower for the buttonhole. It's not just romantics who swarm at the sight of the sweet-scented flowers, which seem to be made of wax, and the orange berries that follow the flowering in early summer.
In its homeland, the tropics, the gardenia can reach heights of growth of up to 1.5 meters. In our latitudes, the popular houseplant is only about half as high, but without losing any of its attractiveness.
Finding the right location
More than 250 gardenia species are known worldwide. In the tropics and subtropics, the plants usually grow as a shrub, some species as small trees. The climate in our latitudes, makes it impossible to cultivate the tropical plant in the field all year round. Therefore, the gardenia has priority as a houseplant.
" Tip: The gardenia may be spent on the balcony or terrace during the summer. Slight temperature swings between hot days and rather cool nights do not harm the plant, but correspond to the habits of the natural habitat of plants and stimulate flower formation.
The gardenia needs a bright location. In this case, the full sunlight is to be avoided. An east or west window is preferable to the sunny south window. Placed on the south window, you should be protected from the blazing midday sun. Accordingly, the location outdoors during the summer months to choose - bright, protected and partially shady.
The outdoor stay should be restricted to the months of July and August for the gardenia. Temperatures below 15 degrees do not get the plant and the gardenia then throws off their buds. The same happens at temperatures over 25 degrees. Ideal are constant temperatures between 20 and 24 degrees, while flowering is slightly lower.
" Tip: Gardenias need a high humidity as tropical plants and should be sprayed more often.
- high humidity
Select the ideal substrate
For the gardenia is a permeable substrate that is kept moist regularly. The plants tolerate no waterlogging and therefore a drainage of gravel or clay granulate should be incorporated in the bottom of the vessel. Nor is calcareous soil tolerated. Therefore, it is advisable not to water the plant with calcareous tap water, but rainwater.
The ideal substrate is a slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5 and 6. Garden soil can be mixed with sand, compost or horn shavings.
- slightly sour
Planting Gardenias - explained step by step
❶ best planting time - spring or autumn
Auswählen Select planter
Legen Place potsherds on the bottom of the vessel
Füllen Fill the substrate into the planter
An Moisten the soil with warm water
Mitt Place the plant in the center of the plant pot
Weiter Fill the earth further
❽ Rootballs should be completely covered with soil
The planter should ensure a good drainage for the irrigation water. Likewise, the right size is important. At least one to two centimeters should remain between pot edge and root ball so that the plant can expand and grow well. The gardenia should already be planted in moist soil. Between the edge of the planter and the upper layer of soil should remain about two inches of space. Then the plant can be better watered.
Gardenias in the summer quarter
The tropical summer may also be spent outdoors in our latitudes. Since the time span is quite short, only the planter should be put outdoors. A sheltered and partially shaded location near walls or house walls is ideal.
If you still want to plant the plant, first select a suitable location. The planting hole should be raised much larger and deeper than the root ball. The plant is used carefully to protect the roots. The root ball is completely covered with soil. After planting the gardenia is well-poured.
" Tip: If the temperatures fall below 15 degrees at night for a longer period of time, the gardenia is to be brought back to the room.
Gardenias planting at a glance:
|site selection||Gardenias like to be bright, but not full sun. A flower window oriented towards the west or the east is ideal. For high humidity is to be ensured. Temperatures should be constant at 20 to 24 degrees. Even in winter, the temperature must not fall below 15 degrees.|
|soil quality||A permeable floor is especially important. Gardenias do not tolerate waterlogging and lime. The substrate can be upgraded with compost and horn shavings.|
|planting||The gardenia should receive a sufficiently large planter. The root ball is to be protected during the planting. Drainage from potsherds in the bottom of the vessel protects against waterlogging.|
Beware of the flowers!
If you want to enjoy the attractive flowers, you should treat the gardenia very carefully during planting. Similar to the jasmine, the flowers are particularly sensitive and can be discarded if the plant is under stress, is poured incorrectly or can not cope with the substrate.
" Tip: During flowering the gardenia needs constant temperatures (room temperature) and a sheltered location.