The Content Of The Article:
- Healthier plants due to drier leaves
- Creating a hilly area: The layers at a glance
- This vegetable grows in the hillside
- Irrigate hillside beds
In regions with long winters and on soils that retain moisture, the vegetable season does not start until late spring. Who wants to beat this delay a trick, should invest a hill bed. Fall is the ideal season for this, because the different layered layers can settle until planting in March or April. Another advantage of this bedding plant is to sensibly utilize cutting and plant residues that accumulate in the garden; in addition, the nutrients released during decomposition are immediately available to the plants.
The ideal width for a hillside is 150 centimeters, the length about four meters. The height should not exceed one meter, otherwise planting and care will be difficult. So that all species get enough sun, you put the bed in north-south direction.
Healthier plants due to drier leaves
After applying the different layers, which are well tapped, cover everything with a layer of straw mulch or fleece for the winter. This prevents slippage of the substrate due to heavy rainfall. As heat is released from the decomposition of the organic matter in the core of the bed, spring plants are ready for harvest two to three weeks earlier. The total growing time per year is extended by up to six weeks. Further advantages of a hill bed: The humus-rich substrate always remains loose due to rotting, so there is never any waterlogging. In addition, the plants dry off faster and are less susceptible to fungal diseases. However, it does not last forever: after six years, the shape has sagged so far that you have to build a new hillside elsewhere.
Creating a hilly area: The layers at a glance
Cross section through a hillside
First, you lift the bottom of the bed or the lawn 40 inches deep and put wire mesh to protect against voles on the sole.
- In the middle comes an 80 centimeters wide and 40 centimeters high core of shredded shrub shredded material.
- Earthmoving or overturned turf 15 centimeters high.
- The third layer is a 20 cm high layer of damp leaves or straw.
- Over rotted manure or coarse compost (15 inches high) distribute.
- A mixture of garden soil and mature compost (15 to 25 centimeters) forms the plant layer.
This vegetable grows in the hillside
Many crops grow well on a raised bed, because inside the hillside, nutrients and humus are created by rotting.
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Vegetables for the hillside
Zucchini you treat a place on the edge, since they need a lot of space. If growth disturbances still occur, organic horn meal or corn semolina can be incorporated into the top layer (note the dosage information in the dosage)
Tomatoes and peppers as nutrient- and heat-needy species now on the bed, preferably on the vertex, also leeks and celery grow here easily
In the first two years, large amounts of nitrogen are released. Heavily consumed species feel well in the heated substrate: cabbage plants, which are placed in the lower rows at the foot of the bed due to their large leaf areas
From the second year before planting the seedlings in May, bring out a several centimeters thick layer of mature compost. Carrots are so-called Mittelzehrer who now find good conditions. While tender early varieties are sown on the upper rows of beds as early as March, the seeds of stockpots are not brought out until April or May so that they mature in the autumn
Kohlrabi are also middle earners. Fennel goes well with salads, kohlrabi go well with leeks, radishes or spinach. Already in the third year you should no longer plant heavy drinkers
In the fourth year after the planting of a hill bed, one should only cultivate mean and low-wearers, in the fifth year of use, even weaker eaters. These include not only radishes but also onions and...
Beetroots. The two vegetables are best planted on the vertex of the bed and in the underlying row. On further floors there is space for radishes or strawberries
Potatoes offer themselves as finalists on the heavily rotted, collapsed material in the sixth and final year of use. These remainders are then removed as compost elsewhere in the garden
Irrigate hillside beds
Not easy is the water supply, because the upper layer of soil dries quickly because of the loose structure. It is therefore formed on the vertex of the bed a several centimeters deep gutter, so that rain and pouring water for tomatoes, onions and Co. are available.In addition, it forms all around hand-deep depressions, so that the valuable wet does not flow off unused. For targeted distribution of moisture to the roots to lay hoses between vegetables and salad. Of course, what you want to harvest depends on your own preferences, but the age of the hillside should be taken into account when using it, as the degradation process reduces the nutrient content in the root layer of the bed.