The Content Of The Article:
- Short profile - garlic
- Plant garlic
- Care of garlic
- Diseases and pests
- Multiply garlic
The cultivation works with Brutzwiebeln or even the usual garlic bulbs. However, it is only harvested after two years with gnats, with garlic cloves it is faster. When it comes to care, there are a few things to keep in mind, and then there is hardly anything in the way of a copious harvest.
Short profile - garlic
- Allium sativum
- Genus leek
- Spice and medicinal plant
- Originally from the steppe areas of Central and South Asia
- Already known since ancient times
- Perennial herbaceous plant
- 30 to 90 cm high
- Flat, bluish green leaves
- Onion plant, 1 main toe and 5 to 20 secondary toes
- Taste of the toes sharp-aromatic
- Sticky juice
- Stem drifts from the middle of the main toe
- Meadow inflorescence with white or pink flowers
Plant garlicGrowing garlic in the garden or even in the pot on the balcony is very easy. Important are a suitable plant substrate and lots of sun. All you need for planting is a fresh clove of garlic or directly onions. Experts advise not to plant garlic close to other bulbous plants. Even legumes as neighbors are rather unsuitable. Frequently it comes to growth inhibitions. The tubers that have been selected for planting should be shared about a week before planting. The individual toes must not be putrid, injured or covered with mold spores. Only use healthy toes!
Tip: Garlic from the supermarket comes mostly from China or other warm countries. He is not used to our Central European climate and does not get along so well. So it is better to ask the farmers for local plants or garlic bulbs at the vegetable and weekly markets.
planting timeIf you want to grow garlic, it starts best in the spring or fall. The months of September and October are ideal, so beautiful big toes are created. The planting time is good, because in the still warm soil, the roots develop well and in the spring, the garlic already drives out. The harvest is usually more abundant than in spring, although the plants grow more slowly. Harvested in July. This sowing appointment has the advantage that the breeding onions do not have to be kept over the winter. Many are then already expiring prematurely. In spring, March is the best time to stick your toes.
- September and October
- Alternatively in March
Plants in the gardenIn the garden one should look for a dry, somewhat protected place. Constant moisture in the soil does not tolerate garlic. In addition, the plants need sun. It is ideal to plant garlic in a mixed culture. By placing the toes between other plants, aphids are kept away. Also, no gray horse is created in their society. Interplanting is particularly beneficial for strawberries, cucumbers, carrots, roses, tulips, lilies and tomatoes.
- Dry sheltered place
- Very sunny
- Good in mixed culture - keeps diseases and pests away
Plants in the vesselVessels are generally suitable for garlic cultivation, whether balcony box or larger bucket. It is ideal to install a drainage at the bottom so that excess water can drain off quickly. Waterlogging is absolutely harmful. For drainage gravel is suitable or simply use smaller stones. Since the hibernation in the tub is difficult, because the earth is not allowed to freeze through, it is better to start breeding only in the spring.
- Good for vessels
- Install drainage
potting soilThe suitable plant substrate is very important for the development of the garlic plants. It should be loose, well drained and nutritious. Important is a high proportion of humus. Compost from your own garden is extremely helpful. Many hobby gardeners swear by a sandy and profound clay soil. These are probably particularly well suited for garlic cultivation. On purely sandy soils, the harvest is lower.
- Loose, permeable, nutrient-rich
- Sandy, deep loamy soil
plantsWhen planting itself is not much to consider. The soil should be loosened and weed free. The tubers are freed from the outer skins and divided into individual toes. Care must be taken not to hurt the toes. The tubers are placed in the ground like flower bulbs. This is best done with a planting wood. It is simply made a hole in the ground and put the toe in it. Who wants to pull several plants, puts the toes best in line, nice straight and neat. The safest way to do this is to stretch a string along which the holes are then cut. The distance between the toes should be at least 10 cm, the depth about 2.5 to 5 cm. Who plans several rows, should keep a row spacing of 45 cm.It is important to place the garlic cloves diagonally in the soil, so that the water does not collect at the root, but expires. The tip must point upwards. At the end, it's a good idea. It is favorable to mulch the soil, quiet abundant.
- Loose earth
- weed free
- Planting distance 10 to 15 cm
- 2.5 to 5 cm deep
- Row spacing 20 to 45 cm
- Lay diagonally in the ground
- Tip up
- Cast and mulch
Care of garlicThe care of garlic is not very busy. It is important that the soil is kept free of weeds, because this competition is unfavorable for the plants. Otherwise, watering regularly, but not too much or too little. Fertilizer is compost. In case of nutrient deficiency resort to bio-fertilizer. Hibernation in the bed is straightforward. Garlic in jars should be better wintered in the house. Pests are rare. Diseases are often caused by too much wetness.
to waterToo much moisture is unfavorable for garlic, long lasting dryness as well. Ideal is a uniform, light humidity that should be kept throughout. If the soil is heavily mulched, the moisture can last longer and there is less need to be poured. Through the layer, the heat of the sun is stored longer, but at the same time the evaporation of the water is reduced.
- Do not pour too much
- Do not let dry out
- Mulch layer is ideal
- Tap water is sufficient
FertilizeFertilization is not necessary, especially if sufficient humus, e.g. was mixed in the form of compost. Traditional fertilizer is more harmful than useful, unless you use organic fertilizers for vegetables. The garlic should eventually be recycled and you do not want to eat any chemistry. Nitrogen fertilization increases the yield, but if you really want aromatic garlic, you can skip this special fertilization.
- Fertilize only with compost
- Use organic fertilizer
overwinterAlthough garlic is quite robust, winter protection is still cheap. The so-called winter garlic is good for a blanket of mulch or brushwood, which protects against frost but also from too much moisture. It is important to protect garlic in containers from the freezing of the earth. Frost damage can be avoided by placing the boxes and tubs close to the warm wall of the house, if possible under a roof board (but do not forget to pour them occasionally) and put them up a bit and pack them up.
- Cover winter garlic with mulch or brushwood
- Protect from cold or even better from wetness
- Better keep the bucket in the house between 5 and 10° C
Diseases and pestsGarlic is very rarely attacked by pests. The plants defend most of them successfully. This not only benefits the garlic plants themselves, but also protects neighbors from lice, flies, bugs and spiders. These can not smell the smell of leeks. From time to time leek moths can occur. Their caterpillars eat large courses through the leaves, which can lead to the death of the plants. For this, diseases occur again and again, mainly fungal diseases. If a fungal disease has occurred in garlic, these plants should not be used for propagation.
- White rot - caused by mold
- Garlic rust - rust brown coating on the shoots, mostly caused by too much moisture. Remedy less moisture and removing the affected plants
- Fungal attack - low humidity and soil loosen up
Multiply garlicGarlic is only propagated vegetatively, but there are two possibilities. One uses either the Brutzwiebeln or normal garlic cloves. Both types are to be carried out as described above. The harvest from Brutzwiebeln moves back one year. In the first year, only a round tuber develops. Only in the second year then the typical garlic bulb arises.
ConclusionGarlic is delicious and healthy. He should not be missing in any garden. It is especially recommended to put it between other vegetables or fruit plants, because it distributes insects and protects against some diseases. When growing is not to pay attention to many things. A good substrate and a sheltered, sunny place are usually enough. Favorable is a nutrient-rich, humus-rich soil. When mulched soil saves some water. Fertilizing is best with compost. The harvest time can be recognized by the green of the leaves. If they turn slowly yellow and then brown, they can be harvested.