The Content Of The Article:
- Detailed description of the magnificent candle
- Requirements for the optimal location
- Plant the prairie candle with other plants
- Plant superb candles
- Pour the sparkling candle properly
- How should the glittering candle be fertilized?
- Pruning the magnificent candle
- Overwinter superb candle
- How can the magnificent candle be multiplied?
- Possible pests and diseases on the magnificent candle
The magnificent candle is very popular because of its long flowering period. Planted under the right conditions, it blooms into the frost. She is also very easy to care for.
The magnificent candle (Gaura lindheimerii) is an ornamental perennial for your own garden, which belongs to the group of evening primrose plants. On a sunny spot this plant thrives not only in the own hobby garden, but also on the terrace in the pot or bucket particularly well.
In 2007, a magnificent candles variety even a special honor to part. The "Elfenbusserl-Giant Candle" was pleased about the award for "Bavarian Balcony Plant of the Year", which impressively underlines the popularity of this plant.
Detailed description of the magnificent candle
The home of the magnificent candle is located mainly on the border between the United States of America and Mexico. Not only there, but also in this country, the herbaceous plant can reach heights of growth of about 50 to 150 centimeters. The stems of the magnificent candle have an upright habit, a slight bend, and a weak branching and are usually characterized by a fine hairiness. The leaves of the magnificent candle, which have a blue-green color, reach lengths of a good eight centimeters, while the flowers have only a size of two to three centimeters. These are all single flowers that shimmer in the following colors:
During the day, the magnolia flower often changes color. In the morning they are rather white, while in the evening they often shine in a bright pink. Flowering begins in spring and ends only with the first frost in late autumn. While the magnificence candle is found mainly in numerous prairies and in open pine forests in their homeland, it is also widespread in Central Europe, as this plant is an overwinterable ornamental plant that is quite robust. In addition, the ornamental plant is offered in a variety of varieties, such as the following:
- Corrie's Gold
- Lime Light
- Siskiyou Pink
- Pink Butterfly
- Whirling butterflies
The botanical name of the plant is Gaura lindheimerii. By the way, each variety can bribe with a different flower color. However, the single flowers, which are found on the 30 to 60 centimeters long panicles, usually only bloom for a single day. Over the entire flowering period, however, the magnificent candle will always produce new flowers to enchant you for as long as possible with its magnificent beauty.
Requirements for the optimal location
As already mentioned, the magnificent candle prefers a sunny patch of earth. In addition, the soil around the plant should be as poor in nutrients as possible and not too rich in humus. A very permeable soil is also enormously important to protect the magnificent candle from the harmful waterlogging. On the other hand, if the prairie candle were to be planted on a very heavy soil with many nutrients and a high water content, you could almost be sure that the beautiful ornamental plant would soon bless the time. A maximum moderate nutrient content, as well as an excellent drainage are so important for exactly this reason.
Even if the herbaceous plant wants a full sun, it should definitely be protected from the wind. After all, the stems of the magnificent candle are so thin that they could easily break off in strong winds. Dryness and extreme heat make the plant nothing. After all, she feels quite at home in a prairie environment. In addition, the ornamental plant flowers all the more and lush the more it is exposed to the blazing sun.
Plant the prairie candle with other plants
In its own hobby garden, the magnificent candle can be wonderfully combined with a large variety of other plants. Even in a bed of roses the plant makes a very good figure. In the flowerbed, the prairie candle may also be grown next to the following ornamental plants:
- Blue oat grass
- Fountain Grass
- Spring Borstgras
- Heron feather grass
- Girls Hair Grass
When planting it is important to consider the different plant heights of these plants. It is important that the plants that show the highest growth, always get assigned to one of the rear seats in the bed.
Plant superb candles
Before the ice saints are not over, the magnificent candle in their own garden has lost nothing. The apple blossom grass, another name under which the magnificent candle is also known, finally tolerates no frost.When planting a planting distance of about 40 to a good 60 centimeters between the individual plants must be strictly observed. If a dense floral carpet is desired, the superb candles plants are best planted in the composite consisting of three to eight such ornamental plants.
Compared to the root ball of the young magnificent candles plants, the planting hole should be twice as large in both depth and width. A drainage layer is also essential. This should be applied before the magnificence candle is placed in its planting hole in a sunny, sheltered location. Then fill the remaining hole with garden soil and press it only lightly. Although the ornamental plant needs only a little water, it should still be poured so that the magnificent candle can grow well.
Pour the sparkling candle properly
As already mentioned, the magnificent candle does not need too much water. Therefore, the plant should be quite regularly, but only in small quantities to be poured so that no harmful waterlogging can arise. Even in prolonged periods of heat, the upper layer of soil provides information about when the prairie candle should be re-cast.
This is only the case when this layer is almost completely dried out. Only as a container plant, the magnificent candle should be poured more often in the summer. However, you should make sure that you immediately dump the water that collects in the plant coaster after casting. After all, too much water is much more harmful to the ornamental plant than too much dryness.
How should the glittering candle be fertilized?
Since the prairie candle copes well with a fairly nutrient-poor soil, it is usually not necessary to fertilize the ornamental plant in your own garden. If the plant still needs a few extra nutrients, which is reflected in their appearance, compost is quite sufficient as a fertilizer. For potted plants, however, another rule applies.
In this case, the magnificent candle should be regularly supplied with a small amount of liquid fertilizer from the retailer. A monthly fertilizer application is quite sufficient, as an over-fertilization of the plant is to be avoided in any case. From August to the next spring, the magnificent candle should not be fertilized under any circumstances.
Pruning the magnificent candle
The magnificent candle should not be cut back until it has completely withered. This is usually the case in the fall. The pruning can be carried out until late autumn, with the plant should be shortened to a height of only eight to ten centimeters above the ground. This step stimulates the plant to form so-called overwintering buds. Thanks to these buds, the magnificent candle can then cast off again very well in the coming spring.
Overwinter superb candle
Before wintering the ornamental plant, the correct pruning should be done first. Even if the plant can hibernate outdoors, this is not possible without the active help of the hobby gardeners. It is necessary to cover the plant with a layer of twigs or leaves. Container plants, on the other hand, have to be overwintered indoors. They too should first receive a pruning.
Even if the magnificent candle is properly covered with brushwood or foliage, this does not automatically mean that the plant will survive until the next spring. Especially in very extreme winters or in extremely unfavorable conditions, the magnificent candle can freeze in the cold season. Anyone who prefers to play it safe for exactly this reason should therefore dig out the plants to overwinter them in a pot in their house.
A cool cellar or a cool staircase lend themselves to this. Temperatures of five to seven degrees Celsius are ideal in order to make the superb candle much easier to hibernate. During wintering, the plant must be watered - but only very rarely and very little. In order not to risk waterlogging, the earth should always be almost dry in the magnificent candle pot.
If the prairie candle can only be wintered in a very warm, bright place, this is quite possible. In this type of winter quarters, however, the plant will tend to form so-called "Geiltriebe". These are very thin and quite powerless shoots that do not even have in the beginning of flowers. In the spring, it is then necessary to cut off Geiltriebe before the magnificent candle is transplanted back into the garden.
" Tip: Before replanting in the garden, the magnificent candle should first be placed in a sun-protected place, in order to be able to get used again to the light of the sun after its rather dark winter quarters.
How can the magnificent candle be multiplied?
The magnificent candle can be propagated not only by sowing, but also with the help of cuttings.
Propagation by cuttings
When propagating with cuttings, hobby gardeners are best prepared as follows:
- In the spring, separate shoots of five to ten centimeters in length from the superb mother plant
- Put the cuttings in pots or cold frames
- Use a permeable plant substrate
- Put foil bags over the planting pots
- Place the pots in a sunny spot - for example, on the windowsill, in a greenhouse or in the home conservatory
- Now and then aerate the magnificent candle
- Plant the well-planted cuttings in a sunny spot (in the garden, tub or pot) as soon as there is no frost
Propagation by sowing
Even with the propagation by sowing the superb candles seeds should be sown only after the Eisheiligen in the own garden. Incidentally, it is a self-sowing plant. Who would like to sow the superb candles seeds in a pot, does so already in the fall. For this purpose seedling soil should be used in small pots or trays. A thin layer of the seed, which is just covered with little potting soil, is quite sufficient. In addition, the seeds should not be watered too much. It is enough to sprinkle it lightly with a little water.
So that the earth can not dry out and is provided for an ideal climate for germinating the superb candles seeds, the shells or pots should also be covered with a foil, which provides for the so-called greenhouse effect in the rearing of the magnificent candle from seeds. Here, too, the pots should be placed in the already mentioned, sunny places, so that the seeds can germinate there in the best possible sun exposure.
Once the individual seedlings have reached a size of three to four centimeters, they can be planted in a separate pot. So that no gray mold can form, a sufficient ventilation of the films is also extremely important in this propagation method.
Possible pests and diseases on the magnificent candle
If the magnificence candle has been positioned at an ideal location for the ornamental plant, it is not particularly susceptible to the various pests and diseases. On the other hand, if the site conditions are not ideal, things look very different. This is the case, for example, when the prairie candle has been planted under bushes or trees in a very dark location that is also prone to waterlogging. After all, shady garden floors do not dry as fast as sunny floors.
Thus, it can happen that the roots of the magnificent candle simply rinse off. At such an unsuitable location, an infestation with aphids is unfortunately quite common in this ornamental plant. In wet regions, snails can also become a nuisance, while in dry hobby gardens this is rarely a problem. If there is an aphid infestation in the magnificent candle, the following counter measures are available:
- Plant herbs directly next to the magnificent candle - especially sage, lavender, savory, thyme or borage
- Alternatively, set up herb pots of the mentioned varieties next to the prairie candle
- To expose lacewings or ladybirds as natural pest controllers in their own garden or to specifically attract these beneficial insects (for example, set up an insect hotel or small sticks and woodpiles)
- Use nettle tea or horsetail tea in the fight against the lice (either pour or spray the magnificent candle)
If snails should hunt over their own magnificent candle plants, it makes sense to collect them. However, this is very expensive, although it is a very effective method of snail control. The easiest way to collect the snails in the early morning hours. Even hedgehogs have proven themselves in the fight against snails in their own garden. In addition, offers coffee grounds, which is distributed around the magnificent candle as a thick layer. Snails do not like that at all. The same applies to the so-called slug pellets, whereby all hobby gardeners should, if possible, make sure that they decide on a biodegradable version of this pesticide.