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A bright yellow and orange inflorescence, which appears even brighter in the blazing sun than in the partial shade - this is the trademark of the Gazania. That's why they are also called midday gold. The flowers can reach a diameter of up to 10 cm and are therefore very lush and expansive. This looks especially nice on balconies that tolerate large flower boxes and can accordingly be landscaped generously.
The lush inflorescence of Gazania can only be achieved if the care is right. From the beginning of June until far into October, the ray blossoms can be enjoyed. In addition to the colors yellow and orange, different varieties of Gazania can also form flowers in white and pink. If both colors are mixed, you get a very colorful balcony, which is certainly used in the summer months with pleasure. The jet flowers of Gazania are only fully open when the sun is shining. When the sky is overcast or raining, they close. A really great sunbathing spot is therefore essential to enjoy this flower in its full splendor. In addition, the right location must be found.
Gazania only needs to be moderately cast. It is important that the earth is always a bit damp, but also that no waterlogging can occur. The 20 to 30 cm high plants can be planted in potting soil as well as in substrate. Who decides to substrate, should make sure that this is well permeable to water. Planters and boxes should also be designed so that no water can accumulate in the box.
When it comes to fertilization, however, the Gazans like it a bit more generous. At least every two weeks should be enough fertilizer. In general, liquid fertilizer is recommended, which can be mixed in the irrigation water. He spreads best and reaches all the important places. Wilted flowers should be removed regularly. They not only look ugly but also prevent the plant from developing new flowers. Tip: Withered leaves should be removed as soon as possible. They could be a sign of pests that could spread to the healthy parts of the plant.
The fact that the plants need a lot of sun is already known. They are originally from South Africa and are therefore very spoiled in this regard. If a place with permanent sunlight is found, this is certainly the best choice. In addition, care should be taken to ensure that the site is as protected as possible from rain. The Gazans want to be watered regularly. But from below and not on the flowers, which would close immediately. The Gazania can be planted directly after the ice saints. Until the first frost, they will then endure outdoors without being damaged.
There are several ways to use Gazania. While the flower lovers buy the finished plants and plant them only in the appropriate boxes and bowls, other flower lovers want to breed and propagate the Gazania itself. If propagation is to be carried out with the help of seeds, it must come from the flowers in autumn and be dried over the winter months. The seeds can then be placed in small pots of soil from February. The germination temperature should be between 18 and 20° C. After the Eisheiligen the plants thus produced can be set free.
If already beautiful Gazania are present, so-called cuttings can be taken off in the late summer. These are cut off from the strong and healthy plants and stored during the winter months in a cool but bright place. The place must also be frost-free so that the cuttings do not enter.
After the Eisheiligen then the cuttings can be planted on the balcony. A little conventional balcony soil is quite sufficient, as the plants are fertilized regularly and so get their nutrients. Tip: Gazania can of course also be planted in the garden. It is always important only the sun, which should shine many hours a day on these great plants.
Since Gazania comes from South Africa, they are having a hard time over wintering in our latitudes. For this reason, they are only offered as annual plants, although they can flower in their home country for several years in a row. If a wintering is planned, the Gazania must be brought to the warmth before the first night frost. If you grow in boxes or pails, they can simply be placed in a cool and bright place. The plants should not be frostbitten and should not be over-watered during the winter months.The water supply should be minimal, so that during the "rest period" no mold on the earth and the plants can form. When the frost is over and the temperatures are back in a comfortable setting, the Gazan can move back outside. Old leaves should then be removed generously. In addition, it must be checked whether the plants may need to be cut something, as they grow not only in height but also in width.
frequently asked Questions
- When will Gazania bloom? - Gazania blooms between June and October. The best time to relocate part of the life from the apartment to the balcony or the terrace and to benefit from the great flowers.
- How often must be fertilized? - Gazania love fertilizer. They should be fertilized with liquid fertilizer about every two weeks, so that the joy of the flowers can last as long as possible. The liquid fertilizer is simply mixed into the irrigation water and thus distributed optimally.
- Are Gazania suitable for the winter? - Not really, because they are very sensitive to frost and the hibernation is quite high. Anyone who wants to try it anyway should find a cool and bright location for wintering.
Gazania is better known as Mittagsgold or Sonnentaler. They are sun children who open their flowers only in the sunshine. In the offer are only hybrid plants and only one-year specimens. To ensure constant flowering, it is necessary to remove the spilled flower regularly.
Location and plant substrate
- Important is a sunny and warm location. In the shade, the flowers do not open.
- The plant substrate should be rich in nutrients, humic and sandy. You can use commercially available potting soil and mix some sand under it.
- The best planting distance is 25 to 30 cm.
- The plants still grow in the driest places in the garden. You only need minimal water. Too much watering causes root rot.
- The plants are fertilized every 3 to 4 weeks. In the balcony box, the Gazania must be poured more often, as the boxes dry out quickly.
- A drainage layer is recommended for boxes that protects against wet feet.
- You can overwhelm Gazania brightly and at temperatures between five and ten degrees. You keep it a bit drier and do not fertilize.
- In the spring she will then cut back a bit. After the frost, you can put the Gazania back outside.
- Gazania is easy to grow from seeds. Sow at the end of February at 18 to 20° C.
- The soil must be permeable and not too humid. The germination period is 10 to 15 days. Later, the plantlets have to be separated.
- You can plant the plantlets after the ice saint. The plants do not bloom until the second year.
- Some species can also be propagated by cuttings. These must be cut in August and winterized protected against frost.