The Content Of The Article:
Geraniums or geraniums are the most popular plants for window boxes or other flower containers. The classic among the balcony plants, has countless color plays from dark purple to snow white. By and large, the plant is easy to care for, except for occasional plucking of old leaves and inflorescences. All pelargoniums can be freely multiplied, which is a good alternative to the space-consuming wintering.
Geraniums can be easily multiplied by cuttings. Here, the topic of wintering is addressed. Not everyone has space to accommodate the large flower boxes with the big geraniums in winter. So many are disposed of in organic waste or on the compost. But just from these sticks can be removed before wintering cuttings and re-cultivate. These cuttings are then so small that they easily find space in the basement.
The right time for cuttings
By and large, the geranium is an undemanding plant. Those who plant them should only be aware that they are not exposed to heavy rains after a persistent heat period. Many varieties are so beautiful that you want to cultivate them. It lends itself to pulling cions. Cuttings guarantee identical offspring. Cuttings can be separated from the geranium at any time of the year. The mother plant should, however, have a sufficient size so that a finger-long shoot can be cut off. The stem should have five large leaves, it should be as long as your middle finger.
If you want to pull the most beautiful geranium for the next year, it's best to pick cuttings. For this one chooses a shoot that is finger-length and has 4 to 5 large leaves. With a sharp knife or pruner, the shoot is cut off under the last leaf knot. It is important that the cutting tool is really sharp. Otherwise, it may happen that the cut surface ruptures, which can lead to diseases and pests. If shoots have been separated by external influences, such as storms or anything else, then the breaking point should be smoothly cut off there too, at the actual broken branch. Before you continue processing the cuttings, it still needs some cosmetic repairs. So the lower existing leaves must be cleanly detached, even the very small. If there are still buds and flowers, they must also be carefully separated. Only when the small leaves, the leaves in the lower area and the flowers are removed, the cutting can root and grow well. If buds and flowers were still on the cuttings, then these could hinder the rooting process or make it impossible at all.
Once the geranium cuttings have been prepared, they can be planted. You should use a special cultivation soil. The offshoots are now spent about 2 cm deep in the ground and pressed well. If you plant several branches, you should make sure that the leaves of the individual cuttings do not touch each other. If the cuttings are potted, they are easily poured. It is important that the plants are moist and not wet. Too much watering is harmful and can lead to rot. Therefore, the root extraction in a vessel in which the water is not possible, or if it works then every now and then.
Execution at a glance
- Finger thickness, healthy shoots with a sharp knife cut under a leaf knot.
- Remove all flowers, flower buds from the cuttings.
- Remove leaves from below, 1-2 leaves can stop.
- Allow the lower cut surface of the cuttings to dry a little.
- Plant geranium cuttings in well drained soil.
- You can but you have to take no Attracting soil, normal earth does it too.
- Do not over-pour the following time to prevent rot or obstruct rooting.
- Do not place the cuttings in the blazing sun, first shady, but not completely dark.
- If there is a room climate that is hot and dry, you can put a transparent plastic bag over the cuttings, creating a warm, humid climate that promotes rooting.
- Before the frost, the rooted cuttings should be overwintered. At 5-10° C in a bright room is optimal.
- Make sure that the cuttings are not too soft and have a light green color, the cuttings are then not so active and rooting worse.
- Tip: With the "baby food" the young plants can be fertilized after rooting. To do this, take a 0.05 to 0.1 percent complete fertilizer solution.
As already described, cuttings can be grown throughout the year, so long as the mother plant is strong and vigorous. But if you want to have early-flowering plants in the spring, the cuttings should be used in the fall or very early in the spring.Before the first frost, the geranium offshoots must hibernate in a bright room at 5-10° C. Bright space is actually relatively, a little light is enough already. There should be little watering. From time to time remove the dead leaves. The following spring plant the rooted geraniums in fresh soil. Then they can be brought outside in a warm place. It should be noted that the cuttings are quite dry, but the substrate should not dry out completely. If the propagation was made very early, for example, until June, the young plants should change the soil before the winter. In order for the young plants to bloom at an early age, from February they should be placed in a warmer room with more light. As temperatures and light increase, watering should be increased.
Pests and care errors
Shortly after setting the cuttings until the substrate change, they are still very vulnerable. To the pests, snails can be a problem attracted by the new green. On a balcony this is rather rare. If the plants are too wet, rot can occur.
Problems with cuttings
Sometimes there are problems with propagating cuttings. The geraniums have been tried over cuttings to propagate them, but they all got yellow leaves or are rotten. It should be said that geranium cuttings easily rotten, even if they are not fully mature, i. it is about too fresh or too soft shoots. They are recognizable by their bright green color. These shoots are happy to arise during hibernation, as they grow very quickly behind the window when exposed to sunlight. Therefore, one should take cuttings that are already mature, so-called semi-mature cuttings. Semi-ripe cuttings are optimal, they are already brownish, but show no woodiness. Otherwise, they would not root or be heavy. If the cuttings do not root, geraniums can also be propagated by sharing. You take a sharp knife and cut off already rooted shoots.
Frequently asked questions
- Can you put geraniums in hydroponics? - It has to be said that planting in hydroponics does not make sense. The reason geraniums do not tolerate standing wetness, which is the case with hydroculture.
- The geraniums are already drifting in mid-December, what should happen to the shoots? - The geraniums are then too bright. These so-called Geiltriebe must be removed, since they unnecessarily need a lot of water and let the plant over the winter dry up.
With just a few seed packets you get a large number of balcony plants at a low price. If you sow them in the greenhouse, you get until the end of May young plants that you can transplant into the open. However, since most balcony plants need a temperature of 15-17° C for germination, the greenhouse should be heatable, even if a heated growing box is used. Some balcony plants can be sowed in rising temperatures in an unheated greenhouse. You should use a special sowing soil and pique the germinated seedlings in small pots or seed boxes. With the sowing you should not be too cold.
Breeding of young plants
The cultivation of balcony plants is easy because they can be grown at low temperatures and under less precise conditions seedlings. Young plants that you buy in a garden center or a nursery should keep you warm and bring you home quickly. When buying by mail order, the plants must be unpacked immediately after arrival and planted in individual small pots with universal substrate. Place the pots in the brightest possible position at a minimum of 15° C. Keep the substrate moist, but not wet, so that the plants do not rot at the base. Later they are then repotted into larger pots.
Before putting the plants out for good, they should first be hardened by gradually exposing them to cooler temperatures. Under no circumstances should you bring them outside too early.
Procedure in 3 steps
- Cutting cuttings: From healthy, vigorous shoots cut cuttings with 3 - 4 leaves just below the last leaf. Cut the stalk straight with the knife. Allow the cut surface to dry to prevent rottenness. Remove flowers, buds and the last leaves.
- Place in potting soil: cuttings either individually in pressed pots or in several bowls filled with an earth / sand mixture. Moisten the floor and place in a bright but not sunny spot. Never pour too much in the aftermath. Ventilate at rising temperatures.
- Transplant in spring: the young plants are wintered in a bright, 5 - 10 degrees Celsius cool place. After the retraction, trim again and put into pots or boxes after the ice saints.