Giant palm-tree, Yucca elephantipes - care


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Yucca elephantipes - palm-mint

The Giant Palm or Yucca elephantipes, as it's botanically named, is a long-lasting eye-catcher. He forgives many care mistakes. Undemanding and easy to cultivate, the giant palmlilie reaches surprising heights and also looks very decorative as a single green in the room or balcony. Despite the low requirements of the yucca but requires the appropriate conditions, so that they can thrive healthy and grow decorative. With the following instructions, however, beginners can do this without any problems.

Location

The Giant Palm Mile prefers a warm, sunny location. Ideal for them is therefore a place at the window to the east, south or west. In the warm months, it can also be outdoors, provided that it is sufficiently protected from cold wind and heavy rain. If the temperature falls below 15┬░ C, the Yucca must be brought inside. In addition to light conditions and temperatures, the available space is crucial. Although the giant palm leaves grow quite slowly, the size of a young plant should not be underestimated. Tip: Whether the chosen location is bright enough for the Yucca elephantipes, shows up on the leaves. Standing upright, the place is ideal. If they are suspended, the light is missing.

substratum

The giant palmlilie does not belong to the palms, but to the agaves, you get palm soil nevertheless good. As well as a mixture of equal parts potting soil, coconut fiber and sand. The substrate should be loose and permeable but able to store water.

to water

The giant palm ever wants to be moderately moist, at least during the warm months. Casting should therefore always be done when the uppermost layer of the earth is slightly dry. Waterlogging should be avoided, however, too dry a culture ends quickly in brown leaf tips. Just to avoid this, in addition to pouring the yucca regular spraying of the leaves makes sense. This also applies to winter, when the earth is allowed to dry a bit.
In any case, the Yucca elephantipes soft, so lime-poor, water should be allowed. Whoever has the opportunity can gather rain for this purpose. Alternatively, tap water can be used, which could stand open for at least a week. The lime settles here on the ground, the last remainder should therefore remain in the pot.

Fertilize

From spring to autumn, the giant palm leaves need additional nutrients in the form of fertilizer despite their rather slow growth. Suitable agents are liquid whole or long-term fertilizer as a stick. Those who opt for liquid preparations, these are directly in the irrigation water and administered every three to four weeks. Fertilizer sticks are reset every three to four months.

blend

Yucca elephantipes - palm-mint

Every year, old leaves die of the Yucca elephantipes and dry up, they may be cut directly on the trunk. A real shape cut or otherwise regular interventions, however, are not necessary. In older giant palm trees, it may happen that the plant simply grows too tall. Here it is possible to shorten the trunk to the desired height. After this procedure, the interface should be treated with wound closure to prevent both dehydration and disease. The headboard can then be used to propagate the Yucca.

proliferation

Propagation of the giant palm leaves can be done by seed or a trunk cut. Propagation via seeds is done as described here:
  1. The seeds of the giant palm trees are placed in lukewarm water and kept there for about a day to swell.
  2. Following this preparation, the seeds are placed on the plant substrate and covered only very thinly. Coconut fibers or potting soil are suitable.
  3. Instead of watering the soil and then rinsing it off directly, the initial watering should be done with a flower sprayer.
  4. Germs are only hesitant and can be up to two months in coming. To promote growth, the substrate should be kept moist.
  5. If the young plants have reached a height of 15 cm, each yucca should receive its own planter.
  6. For propagation through the trunk cut at least 20 cm of the plant head are cut off. This unusual cuttings will be put into soil immediately after the cut.
  7. Again potting soil or potting soil can be used. A mixture of sand, coconut fibers and potting soil is also suitable.
Tip: For the propagation by the root incision the use of root help makes sense.

wintering

Whether the Yucca elephantipes spent the summer outdoors or is in the living room all year round, it does not need a cool winter quarters. Instead, it should be cultivated at normal room temperatures. In preparation for winter rest, watering in the autumn is gradually reduced. A complete drying of the substrate is to be avoided.In addition, the plant should be sprayed once a week with water, this measure protects against pests and diseases. However, fertilization can be completely suspended.

Typical diseases, care mistakes and pests

Diseases and pests occur almost exclusively in the travel palmlilie, if there are long-term mistakes in the care. If the Yucca elephantipes is constantly exposed to changing temperatures and different humidities, it is susceptible to fungal infections. These express themselves by musty odors, coverings on leaves and on the earth as well as wilting plant parts. The best prevention against this is a location in the house. At least when the weather is very changeable. If the infestation has already occurred, change the substrate and treat the plant with a fungicide.
Pests are more common in winter when the yucca is kept too dry. As a prevention against this, the spraying of the giant palmlilie with water is advised. The harmful insects, such as scale insects and spider mites, already found on the leaves, help the subsequent increase in humidity and the use of insecticides.

Frequently asked questions

  • Is the Giant Palmlilie poisonous? - The Yucca elephantipes is considered harmless to adult humans. However, it has a toxic effect on animals and small children. In households with pets, who like to be friendly to houseplants, or wild-playing toddlers, the giant palmlilie is out of place.
  • Why does the Yucca elephantipes not bloom? - As slowly as the Yucca grows, it takes so long for the first time to develop its flowers. Several years are necessary for the giant palm to reach the required maturity.

Worth knowing soon

Yucca elephantipes - palm-mint

The yucca palm is actually no palm, but belongs to the agave family. Its home is in Mexico, where it grows mainly at altitudes of 2000 meters. In the wild, it can grow up to ten feet high, but even as a room or garden plant, it grows very quickly and is very easy to maintain and therefore well suited for beginners.

maintenance

  • The yucca needs a bright to sunny place, but also in a partially shaded location, they can get used.
  • Water needs only a little. It is better to allow the soil to dry in the planter a little before it is poured again.
  • A Yucca is often used as a houseplant, but in summer it can also be on the terrace or balcony.
  • It usually blooms, but it is unlikely to be expected in indoor plants, and if so, only in older plants.
  • During the growing season, a yucca should be fertilized every two weeks, then it can easily reach an impressive size.
  • When the bale is completely rooted, the plant should be repotted into a larger jar. This is best done in the spring.

overwinter

  • In winter, a yucca should be watered very sparingly at a distance of several weeks, because the plant likes to have a rest.
  • A container plant, which is outdoors in the summer, is best placed in a cold and bright place at about 5 to 10┬░ C during the cold months.
  • In warmer areas or in a very sheltered place she can stay outside, because she tolerates frost for a short time.

Cut and multiplication

  • A yucca grows very fast and may therefore become too big. Then the trunk can be cut back.
  • The truncated trunk can then be divided into several pieces and planted in potting soil, where each section forms new roots.
  • However, it is important to ensure that the pieces are not rotated and placed upside down in the ground.
  • The soil should be kept fairly dry, because too moist soil can cause the trunk sections to begin to rot.
Also by Kindel, so shoots that occasionally form on the plant, a Yucca can be propagated. These are, if they have already formed some leaves, cut in the spring, placed in potting soil and kept slightly damp. For this purpose, the leaves are sprayed with water daily. During the first time the cuttings should be bright, but not directly in the sun. There they first form roots and in the course of time drive out more leaves, but this process can take several months.

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