The Content Of The Article:
- Criteria for the best seedlings
- Guide to the cultivation
- Planting in the field
- to water
- Harvest time is in the fall
- Increase and overwinter
In the nature-related kitchen, ginger makes itself useful as a culinary stimulant. Thanks to its natural healing powers, stomach problems and colds disappear in a jiffy. Their exotic origin is not a hindrance to grow the magical ginger plant with their powerful rhizomes themselves. This manual explains in detail how to easily grow the herb and medicinal plants in the bed and on the balcony. From professional planting to proper care and abundant harvesting, this guide guides you step by step through successful cultivation.
Preferential generates growth advantage
The ginger plant is native to the subtropical and tropical regions of the world, so it is not hardy in the Central European climate. Since the average culture time from planting to harvest is 250 days, growing on the windowsill is recommended. In this way, you give your ginger a growth advantage, which is rewarded with a rich harvest in the fall. This recommendation applies equally to the cultivation in the bed and pot.
Criteria for the best seedlingsHigh quality seedlings set the course for a successful cultivation of ginger. Look for a fresh, succulent rhizome from organic farming at the weekly market or at the grocery store. Take a tuber with a smooth, firm shell in the hand, it should feel plump, without soft spots. Since you can cut these tubers for cultivation later, a copy is enough to make a variety of delicious ginger. Since a longer storage reduces the germination capacity, we recommend the purchase shortly before the beginning of the cultivation.
Guide to the cultivationWhen the light conditions on the windowsill improve from mid-February, the time window for the cultivation of ginger opens. The fresh rhizome has numerous vegetation points, recognizable as slight elevations under the shell. Each of these eyes may sprout a fresh sprout so you can split the tuber into several segments. A suitable piece of rhizome should have 2 to 3 vegetation points. Of course, the ginger rhizome can also be used undivided according to the following guide. This is how you proceed correctly:
- Soak the seedling for 2 days in lime-free water at room temperature
- Only then cut a ginger roll into sections with 2 to 3 eyes
- Fill a potting pot with a mixture of vegetable soil and sand or commercially available potting soil
- Place one piece of rhizome flat on the substrate, with the eyes facing upwards
- Sift thinly with potting soil, press down and moisten with a fine shower of lime-free water
- Set up in a bright, not fully sunny window seat with at least 20 degrees Celsius
- In the course of the next 8 to 10 weeks pour little and do not fertilize
Tip: Rhizome parts of ginger also root quickly in water. For this purpose, a transparent plastic tray is filled with rainwater finger-high, put the tuber pieces with the eyes up and closed with a lid. In the bright, warm location, the formation of roots and shoots progresses rapidly within 6 to 8 weeks.
Planting in the field
If the young plants on the windowsill have developed their own shoots with several leaves, they can be planted in mild vine growing regions from mid / end of May in the bed. The ideal planting time, however, should not be aligned solely with the calendar. In order for the tropical plants to grow vigorously in the open air, the temperature level should fluctuate around the 20-degree mark during the day and not drop below 10 degrees Celsius during the night. In the northern latitudes, therefore, the ideal planting time shifts into June.
LocationThe better the location accommodates the sunny temper of ginger plants, the lush the growth. Therefore, assign the preferred young plants a place in the garden with the following conditions:
- Sunny, warm and protected
- Ideally with at least 4 to 6 hours of sunshine daily
- Nutrient-rich, humus-rich and loose garden earth
- Fresh to moderately dry
- Happy with a slightly acidic pH of 5.5 to 6.5
Planting in the bedPlease rake the floor thoroughly at the chosen location. Weeds, stones and old roots are removed. A fine crumbly soil offers the tender roots the best growth conditions. How to plant early ginger plants correctly:
- Dig a shallow plant pit with 1.5 times the diameter of the rhizome
- Enrich the excavation with foliage compost, guanogranulate or horn shavings
- Pot the ginger plant and place it in the middle of the pit
- With the enriched excavation cover a maximum of 2 cm high and press
Tip: In the garden bed with vole danger the preferred ginger plants are planted in the protection of a close-meshed wire basket. This vole basket is placed in the excavated pit and filled with substrate to insert the sprouting tubers 2 cm deep.
Planting in pot and balcony box
In order to successfully bring ginger, a lean cultivation soil makes sense. In a nutrient-poor substrate, the delicate rhizomes in search of nutrients give much more trouble with the growth in length. In the pot and balcony box young ginger is planted into a nutritious soil, so that the hoped, fleshy rhizomes form during the summer. Vegetable earth from the specialist trade is well suited for this purpose. Alternatively mix 1 part of good garden soil with foliage compost and add coconut fibers and perlite. How To Plant Ginger On The Balcony Expertly:
- Apply drainage to the soil in the planter made of expanded clay or potsherds
- Fill a layer of substrate over it
- Pot the young plant and plant it about 2 cm deep
- For a good soil connection press the soil and pour with soft water
maintenanceGinger is not only convincing with uncomplicated cultivation and planting. In addition, the spicy-hot herbal and medicinal plant scores with a care program on the back burner. For the multifunction plant to reach its optimum, the following measures should be observed.
to waterOnly when the soil has dried tangibly in the bed and pot, ginger is poured. Short-term dryness causes no problems for Zingiber officinale, whereas waterlogging causes the roots and tubers to rot in a short time. To pour a ginger root properly:
- Finger test the substrate for dryness
- If the upper 1 to 2 cm dried, there is a need for casting
- Preferably use lime-free water for watering
So that the tubers just below the surface of the earth are not washed out, the water should be administered as a fine shower. There must be no puddles in the bed. Fills in the pot and balcony box of coasters with water, the current needs are covered. After 10 to 15 minutes, please pour out the coaster to prevent harmful waterlogging.
FertilizeYour spice ginger modestly gives itself in terms of nutrient supply. During fertilization no fertilizer is administered. Following planting, nutrient supplies in the soil are sufficient for the first 6 to 8 weeks. From July, add a liquid vegetable or herbal fertilizer to the irrigation water every 4 weeks. Organic solid fertilizers, such as foliage compost, are not recommended for ginger. These must be incorporated into the soil, which could damage the rhizomes due to the low planting depth.
Cut leaves only in moderation
Among the varied application scenarios of a ginger plant is the utilization of the leaves as a fresh ingredient to salads. However, this option should only be used to a limited extent, since the leaves have a significant share in the supply of ginger tubers. To give your summer salad a spicy touch, there is nothing wrong with cutting off one or the other tender green leaves.
Harvest time is in the fall8 to 9 months pass until harvest maturity. Under normal weather conditions, you can harvest your home-grown ginger in October and November. Visible signals for the beginning of the harvest season are the yellowed shoots and leaves. Only when ginger has absorbed its aboveground plant parts, he is ready to enjoy. The harvest is that easy:
- Cut off the root ball with the spade all around in the bed
- Push the spade under the rhizome and lift it from the ground
- Simply grasp pot and ginger on the shoots and take them off
- Shake off the soil and cut off all shoots
Increase and overwinter
So that the sharp palate tick repeats next year, not all ginger roots should be eaten. Keep 2 to 3 or more healthy, plump rhizome pieces with 1 to 2 eyes to overwinter and extract ginger plants again.
This is how the plan succeeds:
- Thoroughly clean tubers intended for propagation after harvesting
- Cut off the green shoots and leaves
- Similarly, remove the long root strands
- Store in the dark, cool cellar on a breezy shelf
- Turn every 3 to 4 weeks
DiseasesIn the cultivation of ginger you will rarely have to complain about plant diseases. The harsh ingredients, such as gingerol, act as an effective defense against fungal spores and other pathogens. Symptoms such as rot and sodden tubers are usually due to excessive watering. Experience has shown that even in the bed, the natural rainfall already covers the water requirement, so that it is only poured in the event of prolonged dryness. In the pot, please only add water to the substrate when it is 1 to 2 cm deep.
pestsAt the risk of voles and snails this instruction already pointed out. The voracious pests keep you away from your ginger plants by using vole baskets and protective nets. It becomes problematic when tiny mourning gnats have their sights on their exotic spicy ginger in the pot and balcony box. Clear evidence of an infestation are clouds of tiny insects that rise from the pot at the slightest touch. The 2 to 4 mm small insects lay their eggs with preference in potting soil, so that the larvae develop beautifully in the sheltered ambience of the planters and feed on the roots. If this hustle and bustle is not stopped, this year's ginger harvest is at worst completely out. Since the use of chemical insecticides is not an option in the care of crops, combat the plague with the following environmentally and health-friendly products:
- Put several matches head first in the ground
- Sprinkle the substrate 2 to 3 mm thick with bird sand or quartz sand
- Crush the neem press cake and work it carefully into the upper substrate layer
- Set up Neudorff tragedy traps to prevent adult insects from oviposition
Since weeping mites avoid substrate that has dried on the surface, pour the plagued ginger plant from below. To do this, place the pot or planter in soft water for a few minutes to rise to the roots thanks to capillary action.
To enjoy ginger freshly harvested, you do not have to resort to a wealth of experience as a home gardener. Suitable seedlings can be found in any well-stocked supermarket in the form of a plump, healthy ginger root with several sleeping eyes. The growth on the windowsill will boost growth from February so that you can harvest a rich harvest of juicy ginger roots in the autumn. Economical watering with lime-free water and every 4 weeks a little liquid vegetable fertilizer completely cover the care needs. By hibernating one or two pieces of rhizome dry, cool and dark, the sharp-spicy palate thrives seamlessly next year.