Goethe and garden art

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Goethe and garden art: garden

Goethe's garden at the star in spring

Goethe and garden art: garden

The 70-year-old Goethe, painted by Joseph Karl Stieler in 1828

At first Goethe only deals theoretically with gardening. Although he himself never sets foot in England, he is fascinated by the new English garden fashion: the landscape garden. He studies the writings of the then most important German garden theorist Hirschfeld and deals with botany. But only through a visit to the Wörlitz Garden Kingdom near Weimar is the gardener Goethe born in 1776. The man of letters and the Weimar Duke Karl August are so enthusiastic about the park of Prince Franz von Anhalt-Dessau that they decide to build such a facility in Weimar as well. A festival celebrating the name day of Duchess Luise of Saxe-Weimar in 1778 is the starting signal for the Park an der Ilm. The landscaped park is part of a kilometer-long green strip that connects the Belvedere Palace Park with the Tiefurt Park. The new landscape park of the Ilm is cut through and is equipped with numerous monuments, figures and bridges. A memorial still commemorates the connection with Wörlitz.

Goethe and garden art: garden

Autumn mood in the park at the Ilm

Goethe and garden art: Goethe

The Malvenallee in the garden at the star

Even in private Goethe is garden owner. As early as 1776, the Duke of Weimar gave him a rundown garden shed and garden. Goethe invests a lot of time and energy in his new empire. Following the English example, he mixes useful and ornamental plants and sets out on new paths. He parks the upper part of the garden in a park-like manner, sprinkling seating and niches. In the lower part vegetables and strawberries find their place. Special attention in this garden gets its favorite flower: the mallow. He builds his own Malvenallee for her. Many of his works are created here in the garden at the Stern, for example the well-known poem "An den Mond".

Goethe and garden art: garden

The garden behind Goethe's house on Frauenplan

After Goethe's Adelung 1782, the garden house is no longer befitting and he has to move into the house on Frauenplan. Also this house has a garden, which is designed with just as much care. The right-angled garden paths are lined with flowerbeds. Here are numerous summer flowers, roses and dahlias. The woody vegetation consists mainly of lilac, laburnum, maple and linden, low hedges serve as bedding border. The vegetable patches previously used for domestic use are now replaced by turf.
The garden on Frauenplan is the realm of Christiane Vulpius, Goethe's wife. The author himself carries out his botanical experiments here. Nevertheless, Goethe keeps his garden shed. Until his death in 1832, he fled here before the court etiquette and his official duties as a financial administrator.

CD tip: Immerse yourself in Goethe's garden world! The audiobook "Goethe's Garden" is an acoustic collage of letters, prose texts, poems and diary entries on the subject of gardening.

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