Golden elm - plants, care, cutting and diseases

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Golden elm - plants, care, cutting and diseases: care

In the course of growth, the leaves can get a golden yellow color, but also develop yellowish green or juicy green. With its high and upright growth, as well as its insensitivity to external influences, it is ideal for the garden and enchants with its unique golden look.

Plant a golden elm

In the garden market, the plant is available as a small to medium seedling. Before planting in the garden, the excavated hole at the site is enriched with plant soil and possibly supplied with additional nutrients. The plant itself is placed in a container of water for about ten minutes. As a result, the roots absorb enough water before planting. This promotes rooting. The fact that the plant has absorbed enough water can be recognized by the fact that there are no more bubbles in the vessel with water. The planting hole should be twice as large as the root ball and thus provide enough space for rooting the golden elm. Afterwards the gardener should:
  • Fill the planting hole with nutritious soil
  • casting the golden elm
  • and regularly check and water in the beginning.
The location should not be too sunny, as the delicate leaves of golden elm can easily burn and dry out during high heat. In a partially shaded spot, the plant thrives best and presents itself with a low maintenance effort. An exclusively shady place is unsuitable.

The right care for the golden elm

A nutrient-rich and moist soil is to be preferred. Since the golden elm prefers a calcareous and loose soil, soil loosening should take place before planting. Not every garden offers the optimal conditions for an appealing growth of the plant. By loosening and moving the soil with gravel or sand, as well as the addition of lime, the growth conditions can be optimized and the basis for the habitat of the golden elm created.

Golden elm - Ulmus carpinifolia 'Wredei'

The care of the golden elm does not require much effort. Planted in the appropriate soil, this elm will easily feed itself and pull its needed nutrients directly from the earth. Fertilization should take place in the spring, in which the garden soil is again made rich in nutrients. Care includes spring fertilization and any pruning for the desired growth habit. With the right care, typical diseases of the elms can be avoided, which speaks in the golden elm for a very resistant elm species.

Cutting and clearing

The plant may or may not be cut. In order to favor an optimal growth or to bring the golden elm into the desired shape, a pruning or bleaching can be advantageous. Dry branches should not be cut off without control of the tree. They can indicate illnesses and ensure further drying of the other branches after trimming. Since the golden elm is also very popular in small gardens and is often used for the spatial demarcation or fencing of land, it is recommended to cut to the desired shape and height. In an optimally chosen location, it may happen that the roots form foothills and reveals new shoots at some distance from the trunk. Here a simple cut is not enough, but the gardener should:
  • cut the extra shoots,
  • dig up the foothills of the roots,
  • Avoid damaging the main roots when removing the stems.
The best time for a trim is February. On a frost-free day, the elm can be cut to the desired shape as well as freed from roots. By mid-March at the latest the trimming must be done so that the elm can be cast out in the spring and is not disturbed by a pruning.

Diseases and their avoidance

The elm is known for various diseases. Although the presence of elm trees in their presence makes them less susceptible to elm dying, it is not resistant to fungi and infestations by pests. Dry branches, as well as a very quick drying of the foliage should be seen as a serious sign. Even small holes in the trunk, as well as spider web-like layers on the foliage indicate a pest infestation and thus a disease of the plant. The biggest threat to the golden elm is the elm-tree beetle. This ensures Frasgänge in the trunk and in the branches, which favors the fungus formation and restricts the necessary absorption of water. Regular checks for dry spots can prevent the dying of the tree. If the elm is sick, only a quick action can lead to the rescue. For this must:
  • all dry branches and small branches removed,
  • Treated with parasite infestation with a special oil,
  • and extensive control of the entire plant.
The golden elm is considered a less susceptible member of the genus, but it is not spared from a pest infestation. If the trunk or an entire tree is affected, the spread of the disease can only be avoided by felling the affected tree. When trimming the diseased branches, the success will not be apparent until next spring. In contrast to the cutting of the golden elm, the cutting of diseased plant parts must be done immediately and not with reference to February. The longer the gardener waits to treat the tree, the greater the risk of complete plant attack and thus the need to cut down the tree.
Thickening on the leaves may indicate gall mites. These small arachnids can be fought with a rape oil or paraffin based agent if they are heavily infested. Also, an elm-gallbladder louse can attack the tree. She lives on pear trees in the summer and overwinters on elms. Here help the same means as against gall mites.
Sick golden elms can infect the entire tree population in the garden and ensure that even healthy elms are infected with the pests and a fungus and also show symptoms in a timely manner.

Worth knowing about the Golden Elm shortly

  • The golden elm needs a nutrient-rich, moist and calcareous soil.
  • So that it can root well after planting, the soil should be loosened before.
  • Loamy soils can be made permeable by some sand or gravel.
In order to provide the new tree with sufficient nutrients, some compost or potting soil can be added to the planting hole as a substrate, so that the tree can easily supply itself with the necessary nutrients, especially in the first time. The root ball should be placed in a container of water for about ten minutes before planting so that the roots can absorb enough water. This is the case when no more air bubbles rise from the water.
  • Then the plant can be placed in the planting hole, which should be about twice as large as the bale.
  • With a little garden soil the rest of the area is filled up.
  • Immediately thereafter, plenty of water is poured and in the following weeks, the new tree must be regularly supplied with water.
  • Fertilize should be done every year in spring, using a garden fertilizer or natural fertilizer.
If necessary, the crown of the golden elm can be sifted where shoots are very dense. In doing so, shoots that grow into the crown should be removed first. If the tree is too big overall, the side shoots can be shortened accordingly. The cut is best done in the months from November to March, because then no fragrances are released from the cut surfaces, which attract the dangerous for the trees elm beetle.

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