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The gold varnish is a long-flowering and well-scented perennial that enriches the flowerbed already in early spring as a successor to the early-flowering bulbous plants. This plant is easy to care for and is also suitable for the bouquet from your own garden.
Special features of the gold paint
The gold paint (Erysimum cheiri) is a member of the cruciferous family. His name part "Gold" he wears because of its play of colors, which originally shines only yellow, today from brown to orange to red. The second part "-lack" is derived from another, related plant, the levkoje.
- Gold lacquer is one of the biennial plants that bloom very persistently in the months of April to May / June.
- Originally from southeastern Europe, where he likes to grow on rocky surfaces and walls.
- Noticeable on the 20 to 60 cm tall plant is its intense scent.
- The ten to thirty flowers per inflorescence attract by the honey-sweet scent of insects such as bumblebees and bees.
- There are now certain hybrids (cultivars) of the gold varnish, which flourish into the November, if they are regularly freed from the bloomed.
- The late varieties like Apricot Twist, 'Constant Cheer' and 'Codswold gem' glow in orange or orange-purple and white.
Gold Lacquer loves a sunny location, the soil should be loose and airy. The permeability of the soil as well as sufficient sun influence the fragrance and the duration of flowering decisively. If the soil is too acidic, it is recommended to apply a calcareous fertilizer before planting. Under optimal conditions, on a dry, dry soil, the gold varnish grows dense and magnificent to a long-flowering perennial whose flowers are also well suited as cut flowers. Tip: Basically, the plant should not stand in draughty, damp corners of the garden, even dry, cold winds can not tolerate bad.
If the right spot has been found in the garden, then the young plants can be set on frost-free days in autumn: the depth should be about f5 to 10 cm, the distance about 30 cm. Anyone who breeds the plants themselves, sows in the spring in the field in furrows at a depth of 1 cm. Once the seeds have accumulated and the first leaves are visible, they are separated to 30 cm to allow the plant to develop well. With a height of 15 cm, the young plants should be cut so that they can develop into flowers rich in plants. Tip: Gold paint is one of the early flowering plants and is therefore a good neighbor of tulips, daffodils and forget-me-nots.
The choice of location also determines how old a Goldlackgewächs. Originally a biennial plant, some specimens become semi-shrubs many years old when given the right place. Ideal locations are close to a wall or wall, where much sunlight warms the rock and the plant has good growth conditions. These many-year-old specimens are often cut back in the fall, in order to exorcise bushy and full again the following year. Tip: Except in the garden bed, the gold varnish also thrives in the tub or in boxes in which unit earth was introduced.
Care and fertilization of Erysimum cheiri
The gold paint requires little care. In order to extend the flowering period, it is also recommended for the old varieties to regularly pollinate the inflorescences. Fertilization in the garden can be done once a month with simple liquid fertilizer, potted plants need a weekly fertilizer. Important: Since the gold paint is not hardy, it must be covered in the cold season!
Cut gold lacquer
- Gold Lacquer can handle a pruning, but does not need it. Depending on the planting must be decided individually.
- If the plant is placed in series, then in autumn a cut can be made, which grows the gold varnish the following year like a hedge.
- If it concerns some loosely grouped plants, then it is sufficient to polish the inflorescences before the winter cover.
- One last option is to remove and compost the entire plant after flowering.
If a self-sowing is desired, the gold varnish is not composted after flowering, but it stops with the formed pods. Alternatively, the pods can be harvested and, as described above, used for sowing in the spring. This should be done in a well-prepared seedbed. In harder climates, the young plants are separated after potting in pots, overwinter in the cold frame and will be planted out in the field next spring.
Another possibility of propagation is the cultivation by cuttings.All that is needed are cut-away remains or semi-mature, non-flowering shoots that are simply stuck in the ground and rooted there. The advantage of this method is that the color of the flowers is known and especially beautiful specimens are preserved.
Diseases and pests
Locations that have already had the disease caused by soil fungi should not be selected, as the fungus responsible causes damage to the plant underground and causes it to fall over and die. Further susceptibility to disease is unknown.
Worth knowing about gold varnish shortly
Gold varnish blooms colorful and long and is not only in early spring a feast for the eyes, but at a suitable location and the corresponding variety a plant that delights into the autumn. It has the great advantage of being very easy to care for and no special demands on cutting or fertilization. For hobby gardeners, who want to enjoy a flowering garden throughout the year without much effort, it is therefore ideally suited. So Goldlack can be found in almost every cottage garden.
- The gold lacquer belongs to the genus Schöteriche and in the family of the Kreuzblütengewächse.
- It is a perennial, herbaceous subshrub, whose flowers smell strongly of violets. Therefore, the plant is also called yellow-violet.
- The whole plant, especially the seeds, is poisonous and irritating to the skin through cardiac glycosides. Main active ingredient is the chirotoxin.
- The gold paint originally comes from the eastern Mediterranean. Of the 10 species of the genus Goldlack only one is native to Europe.
- The flowers appear early in the year, between March and May on racemose inflorescences.
- In the first year a basal leaf rosette forms, in the second year the stalks become lignified and the shoots with the beautiful flowers form.