Laburnum - care and cutting


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Laburnum anagyroides

The plant finds its natural distribution in south and southeastern Europe, in our latitudes the shrub or tree is planted in gardens and parks. The golden rain is one of the ornamental shrubs that are very popular with European gardeners.
Laburnum is poisonous!
The laburnum is an undemanding plant, has low demands on the climate and the soil. Although it shows its magnificent flowering from April to June, the shrub contains poisonous alkaloids, especially cytisine. The poison is contained in all plant parts, but especially in the seeds. Laburnum should not be planted when small children or animals live in the house. The laburnum was the poison plant in 2012.

Care and sewing

The shrub is easy to care for and undemanding. For the plant, a calcareous and alkaline, as well as warm soil is important, but does not have to be profound. It also grows in dry grasslands and in rocky areas. The plant loves a lot of sun, but can also stand in the shade, but there it bears less flowers. If the soil is moist and cold, it can cause disease and a loss of flowering power. You do not need a lot of watering or fertilizing. The laburnum is hardy. When heavy and wet snow should be shaken off, as the roots are not heavily branched and the large shrub can not catch. To encourage flowering, the faded grapes should be cut off.
Laburnum is hardy. However, it often happens that in winter branches break off under the snow load. The roots are not very branched and can not hold the large shrub sometimes. Heavy wet snow in the crown area should therefore be shaken off carefully.
  • easy-care and undemanding shrub
  • Calcareous and alkaline soil makes sense
  • Diseases can form when the soil is too moist and cold
  • do not water and fertilize much
  • in wet snow, free the plant from this, otherwise branches may break off
Form small new plants on the ground, then the golden rain has total. There are signs of its sufficiency, for the multiplication you do not need much to do. If you do not want the propagation, you should cut out the dry flowers in good time. The effect is a big flowerage.

June as optimal cutting time

Laburnum anagyroides

The cut of the Laburnum should be done after flowering in June. If the cut takes place earlier, then one could accidentally remove flowers that have not yet been formed. The laburnum has an enormous juice flow in spring and late winter. At this time it is not good to cut it because it could "bleed". It is recommended to cut the shrub, if any, after flowering in June. If the plant is affected by galena, which is a fungal disease recognized by the gray discolored leaves, the affected shoots should be cut out or cut back to about 15 cm. To do this, take a pruning shears or a knife and clean it in hot water. Only use a sharp and clean device to cut it, which prevents pathogens from entering the plant via injuries!
Cut back the shoots about 15 cm, put them under the diseased areas. Do not throw the cut branches on the compost, otherwise the fungus will spread further. The interfaces should be sealed with appropriate material. If you do not get rid of the fungal infestation, the laburnum is usually almost impossible to save.

Purchase and plants

When buying should be taken to ensure that the plant is not too small. There is a risk that the seedling of perhaps 30/50 size will be eaten by snails. The tree should be over a meter tall. In the nursery, the wood is offered with three or five shoots. Three growing seasons take until the wood is fully grown. Autumn, October - November or Spring - March is the best time to plant the wood. It is hardy and places few demands on soil and location, it also thrives in urban climates. To plant, put the root ball in a hole, it should be twice as large as the bale itself. Then water well, but it should not be fertilized. When planting the later size of the tree must be considered. In old age he can reach up to 7 m in height and 5 m in width.
Important for the plant is a calcareous to basic and warm soil. This does not have to be very profound. Laburnum also grows well in rocky areas or dry grasslands. He needs a lot of sun. In the shade, it forms significantly fewer flowers. Cold and damp soil is unsuitable and leads to diseases and declining flowering power.

To cut

Laburnum should not be trimmed unnecessarily. It is enough to remove dried wood and possibly weaker, smaller branches.For a beautiful growth habit you usually have to do nothing. If the laburnum grows too dense, it can easily be bleached out in the appropriate places. A cut affects flower formation.

Diseases

The woody can be infested with galena, which is a fungal disease. You can see this on the gray discolored leaves. Affected areas should be cut out generously. However, these do not belong to the compost, as the fungus continues to grow. Aphids and spider mites are pests that can attack the laburnum. In the case of aphid infestation, it is important to act early. There are different ways to buy. But the savory also stops the aphid. Lavender and Tagetes are plants that the aphid also does not like. The natural enemies are ladybirds, spiders and birds.

Design of the garden

Laburnum anagyroides

Laburnum can also be raised on rose arches or pergolas. As marginal planting (visual protection), the laburnum feels equally well. As a lower planting the Schleifenblume or Waldhyazinthen, Hasenglöckchen or Bluebells are pretty. However, the laburnum is a solitary wood that works best when it stands alone. Planted with colorful perennials in a discounts, the golden rain is like a golden crown. Lilac or snowball are also ideal companions for the flowering miracle.

Worth knowing soon

  • The laburnum is an ornamental shrub with magnificent grape-like yellow flowers. From the end of May to June, the flowers unfold.
  • He is a frugal ornamental wood that actually thrives in every garden. The soil should be lime-rich and nutrient-rich.
  • He needs no fertilization and no special cut. In addition, the laburnum is frost hardy.
  • As a solitary shrub it is a bright spot in the garden, but it can also be combined with colorful perennials or lilac plants.
When the laburnum is out, you will find many small new plants on the ground that will make the entire bush even bigger and more imposing. The many small trees are also a sign of its sufficiency, so you do not have much to do for the propagation. If the sole propagation is not desired, then it is advisable to cut off the dried flowers in time. The side effect here is an even more splendid bloom in the new year.
What everyone should know about the golden rain, especially when small children play in the garden, is the fact that all plant parts are very poisonous! Special care should be taken and the plant parts should not be put in the mouth. Also the hand washing is announced, one has touched the plant. The poisonous parts of the golden rain can cause various symptoms of intoxication:
  • These include: chills, sweats, dizziness and headache.
  • In addition, there is a risk of paralysis and respiratory arrest after a stimulating effect on the central nervous system.
  • Deadly poisoning is still very rare.
Nature has taken precautions. She has produced a beautiful, yellow-flowering shrub and at the same time protected him against enemies with poison. But all in all, the laburnum is really a feast for the eyes and can be planted quietly.

Video Board: Goldenchain tree (Laburnum anagyroides).

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