Gold poppy, California poppy - sowing and care

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Under the name Gold Poppy, California Poppy or Eschscholzia californica is always referred to the same plant, which is often called sleep cap. The gold poppy belongs to the poppy family (Papaveraceae) and has its origins in California and the other states in the southwestern United States. However, it is now also found in Australia, in South Africa and of course in Europe.
Special features of the gold poppy
Gold Poppy is one-year-old and not just impressive with a lush growth of herbs and leaves. As a bald plant it shows all the better its bright yellow flower, which can sit on a stalk up to 60 cm high. The plant can grow from the base of slightly branched, here are arranged rosette leaves arranged. These have a gray-green color and can be up to 14 cm long.

  • Gold poppy is an annual plant.
  • He grows in his home at altitudes of up to 2,000 meters.
The yellow flowers of the gold poppy grow either from the leaf axils or at the end of the long stem. The flower bud develops from the initially round shape into a conical shape, when the flowers open, they look similar to a small plate. You can reach sizes between 2 and 12 cm. In the middle of the flower shows in most cases a dark yellow to orange spot, also called flower bed. Before the flower can open, it is enclosed by two sepals. These sepals have the shape of a sleepyhead, as it was worn in the Middle Ages. This has also given the gold poppy the name "Schlafmützchen". Once the petals begin to open, the two leaves are stripped off and drop off as a component.
  • The flowering period is from July to September.
  • Seed maturity is from August to September.
When the seeds are developed after flowering, they sit in thick and about 10 cm long pods. These have a single seed chamber and consist of 10 longitudinal ribs. After maturation of the seeds, these longitudinal ribs open in two places, through which the brown seeds can fall out.
Attention: The gold poppy is poisonous in all parts!
Meanwhile there are only two subspecies of the gold poppy, that is the Eschscholzia californica subsp. californica and E. mexicana, While californica has a pronounced wide margin of florets, mexicana lacks this completely. The golden poppy mexicana occurs in more desert-like regions, the californica in grassy, ​​open areas.
Distribution areas of the California poppy
Originally the gold poppy comes from California, it also results in his survival strategy. Not only does he see a multitude of variations - over 90 species are known - he is also a survivor. He is used to dryness and drought, his seeds can survive for years in dry soil. Once they get hydrated, they start to germinate and bloom. Then you see fields full of poppies in California or Southwest America that make the whole area shine yellow.
The flowers of the gold poppy open only in the sunshine. At night and when the weather is cloudy or rainy, they close. Gold poppy multiplies by wind, the flowers are pollinated by insects. The gold poppy can tolerate temperatures down to -10° C.
  • The stature height reaches 20 to 40 cm.
  • Sunny and warm location necessary!
California poppy was becoming more and more widespread, so that it eventually cultivated in Europe as a garden plant. Already since 1825 it is an integral part in beds of English gardens. After being named California State Flower in 1903 - the Golden Flowers and Golden State (Sun State) are a perfect match - the "California Poppy Day" takes place on April 6 each year. Tip: Gold poppy also has a special medical significance.
From the Native Americans and also from the time of the Middle Ages in Europe, gold poppy is known as a medicinal plant. Its action is based on sleep-promoting substances, anticonvulsant, analgesic and soothing agents. Especially in the treatment of children is the gold poppy valuable, here mostly in the field of psyche.
Sowing the gold poppy in the home garden
According to its origin, the gold poppy also prefers a sunny and hot location in our gardens. Then he can train his flowers, which are not trained in all other weather conditions. The soil is the gold poppy a light, sandy to loamy soil at its best. Then he can thrive very well and develop his golden flowers. The soil should not be prepared at all, that's the plant's favorite.
When sowing, it is planted right where it should bloom. A transfer of the plant is not possible, long taproots prevent that.For sowing, furrows with a depth of 1 cm are pulled. In April and May, the small plantlets are then thinned out at a distance of about 10 cm and always kept well moist. Tip: Plant either as a group or together with Sea Lavender or Blue Woodruff.
From spring to late summer, the gold poppy shows its beautiful yellow to orange flowers. When they have withered, they should be removed, which promotes the regeneration of flowers. At the end of the flowering period, the withered flower heads can be left to ripen. These can then be harvested and reused for the next sowing in autumn or spring.
  • Regular watering in drought!
  • Do not introduce fertilizer!
Gold poppy flowers can not be used as a cut flower, it would drop immediately after cutting the petals.
Worth knowing about the gold poppy shortly
Gold poppy is a color addition to the garden, its flowers are available from yellow to orange to a red hue. Once exposed on site, it can no longer be transplanted because its tap roots would be damaged when excavated. Otherwise, the gold poppy is a relatively undemanding plant, requires sun and slightly damp, normal soil. Its seeds can be used for re-sowing. This makes the gold poppy not only easy to care for, but also a special eye-catcher in the garden until early autumn.
Tips for quick readers:
  • Gold poppy is native to California, also called California cap poppy.
  • It flowers abundantly in a sunny location.
  • He gets up to 40 cm high.
  • Flower color: from white to yellow to orange and red
  • Soil: best dry and nutritious, light, sandy soil with some loam, no soil preparation necessary
  • Sowing: Direct sowing in May, no transplanting, thin out to 10 cm
  • Variety: 'Inferno' with very bushy growth and flowers in striking bright orange

Video Board: Gardening Tips & Flowers : How to Grow California Poppy (Eschscholzia Californica).

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