The Content Of The Article:
- Educational cut in the first three years
- How to cut gooseberries properly
- Cut gooseberry high trunks
- Get rid of American gooseberry powder by cutting
- Rejuvenate gooseberries
Gooseberries produce fruit on the one- to three-year-old shoots, with the annual shoots of older main shoots performing best. If you do not cut them, the harvest will be leaner from year to year. If you want to harvest many gooseberries, you should regularly take the scissors. You can choose the cutting date, either in summer directly after the harvest in July and August or in late winter. If you cut in February or March, the leafless shoots are much clearer. The summer cut is often better in older plants, as the shoots are fully in the juice and young shoots have more space available.
Gooseberries taste fresh from the bush, but are also great for baking or canning. The plants are available as shrubs or as Hochstämmchen, where the harvest is easier, but the plants are not so durable. In addition, high trunks need a life-long support pole, which should reach into the middle of the crown.
In the late winter and early spring, the basic structure of the gooseberry is easy to recognize - which makes the cut easier
Educational cut in the first three years
It starts in the spring after an autumn planting: Choose the four to six of the new shoots around the plant base and cut them by a third. All other shoots cut off completely directly above the ground, with no stumps should stop - it is only too happy to fungal spores. In the second year, you do the same thing, leaving only the three or four of the strongest new riders to stand, so that in the third year, a skeleton of more than eight strong shoots has formed. Only from the third year you should then regularly cut and clear, so that the plants always consist of a mix of one-, two-, three- and four-year shoots.
How to cut gooseberries properly
The basic rule when cutting is simple: Old wood must be removed, young things are promoted - with spiny weevils that are older than five years old. You can recognize them by the darker, rougher bark.
- All shoots that grow inward, become too dense, or become bald come away. Likewise horizontally growing branches, which incline often together with berries to the earth.
- Cut the side shoots in the lower third of the plant, it will not grow fruit.
Remove all shoots that grow inwards, as well as shoots that are older than five years
Then cut the remaining shoots and clear out, so that the branches and get enough sun: In total, six to eight main drives should stop. At Hochstämmchen four.
- Leave one year old side shoots, it will produce fruits in the following year.
- Gooseberries produce the best fruits on the long ends of the older main shoots, which should not be cut.
- In some years the weather is so unfavorable that the gooseberry has barely one- and two-year-old shoots. In this case, cut the side shoots of the main shoots down to two or three eyes, this will form new shoots.
- In order to keep the gooseberry permanently vital, two or three old ground shoots are exchanged annually for new shoots: The old ones cut off close to the ground and leave two or three young ground shoots to stand. If these shoots are too long next year, cut them by about one third.
Cut gooseberry high trunks
The cut differs only slightly from that of the shrubs: high stems should have a skeleton of only four to six main shoots. Old shoots often hang down bent and yield. Cut these shoots in half in February or March. Old, but upright growing shoots cut off completely at the base of the crown.
With gooseberry high trunks, one cuts back on a basic framework of four to six main drives
Get rid of American gooseberry powder by cutting
American gooseberry powder is annoying. The fungi are noticeable by dense, greyish-white mushroom grass on leaves, berries and shoot tips. In autumn, cut back the infested main shoots by five centimeters, because the spores overwinter there. Infested shoots look grayish brown in winter. If you see such branches in the spring, cut them off directly at the point of attachment.
In a new one: The rejuvenation cut replaces the old basic frame of the gooseberry with new shoots growing from the base of the gooseberry. If you have an uncut gooseberry for years, you will be standing in front of a tangle of differently thick branches. Pick four reasonably young shoots that can serve as a backbone. All other shoots cut off near the ground.You can theoretically cut all shoots close to the ground, but then you have to completely rebuild the plant.