Gooseberries - planting and cutting


The Content Of The Article:

Gooseberries are easy to maintain plants, but unfortunately they are often attacked by mildew. When buying should therefore be chosen as a variety that is resistant to this disease. These include, among many others, for example, the varieties

  • Invicta with green fruits
  • Pax with red, slightly hairy berries
  • Redeva with big red fruits
  • Spinefree almost without thorns
Location and care
Gooseberry bushes need a bright location, but should not stand in the blazing sun, otherwise the berries may burn. Well suited is a place between other shrubs or fruit trees, from which they are easily shaded. They need a lot of nutrients for their growth, so the soil should be improved annually with some compost, otherwise they are quite undemanding in soil condition. Gooseberries need a lot of water, especially during the period of fruiting, so it is helpful to mulch the soil around the trunks so it does not dry out so easily.
When planting, it should be ensured that the planting hole should be about twice as deep and as wide as the pot bale, so that the new plants can easily root in loose soil. Several plants need each other a distance of about two meters. In this way it is also ensured at the same time that one does not hurt oneself at the thorns with the harvest. To make the harvest easier, you can also choose one of the almost thornless varieties. Root-bare plants are sold by the nurseries only in the winter months, they are therefore planted either in autumn or in early spring. In contrast, plants in containers can be planted all year round, but at high temperatures in this case sufficient irrigation must be ensured in the growing season.
Cut the gooseberries
When planting the gooseberry shrubs, the plant is cut so that only about six strong shoots remain, all others are cut off directly at the bottom. This encourages fruiting and, at the same time, the loose structure ensures that rainwater can quickly dry off the leaves, reducing the risk of mildew. Over the next few years additional strong shoots can be left standing until the bush consists of ten strong main branches. For older plants, which already consist of ten branches, some of the old main branches should be removed each year and some new shoots should be left for this purpose. In order that the structure of the bushes remains loose, are too dense shoots and especially those that grow inward, regularly removed.
Gooseberries are easy to maintain plants, but unfortunately they are often attacked by mildew. When buying should therefore be chosen as a variety that is resistant to this disease. These include, among many others, for example, the varieties
  • Invicta with green fruits
  • Pax with red, slightly hairy berries
  • Redeva with big red fruits
  • Spinefree almost without thorns

basic knowledge
A gooseberry bush should not have more than five to seven strong shoots from the base. Otherwise, the shrub grows too dense and the fruits do not get enough light. These scaffolding drives are about six years old. Every year one removes one of these old shoots (the oldest) to make room for a new one. Side shoots of each scaffold should be shortened, preferably two to three eyes.
Prepare gooseberries
  • Plants go out early in the year. They should be lighted in good time, for example from the second half of February.
  • Early cutting has the advantage that the fruits grow larger and pests such as the gooseberry wasp or diseases such as the gooseberry can not nest well.
  • Decisive is the weather: one cuts in dry weather. Also in the following days it should be dry. The open cuts can cause disease, e.g. the redpust mushroom and the mushroom Botrytis.
  • A consistent cut cuts away all shoot tips affected by mildew and reduces the risk of new infection.
  • Due to the early cut, many ground shoots form during the summer.
  • Leave two or three of them, the rest will be removed. As long as the shoots are still green, you can easily tear them out. Excess weak side shoots remove better.
Educate gooseberry as a hedge or trellis
  • Only leave two or three scaffolding branches. The trellis is trained long and lean.
  • Tie side branches at right angles if possible.
  • At high hedges make sure that the upper 30 cm have no side branches!
  • In the spring, always cut away all old fruit branches (branches that have been fruitful in the last year)!
  • Vertically growing shoots that drive out of the base, also remove
Location and care
Gooseberry bushes need a bright location, but should not stand in the blazing sun, otherwise the berries may burn. Well suited is a place between other shrubs or fruit trees, from which they are easily shaded. They need a lot of nutrients for their growth, so the soil should be improved annually with some compost, but otherwise they are quite undemanding in the soil condition. Gooseberries need plenty of water, especially during the period of fruiting, so it is helpful to mulch the soil around the trunks so it will not dry easily.
When planting, it should be ensured that the planting hole should be about twice as deep and as wide as the pot bale, so that the new plants can easily root in loose soil. Several plants need each other a distance of about two meters. In this way it is also ensured at the same time that one does not hurt oneself at the thorns with the harvest. To make the harvest easier, you can also choose one of the almost thornless varieties. Root-bare plants are sold by the nurseries only in the winter months, they are therefore planted either in autumn or in early spring. In contrast, plants in containers can be planted all year round, but at high temperatures in this case sufficient irrigation must be ensured in the growing season.
Cut the gooseberries
When planting the gooseberry shrubs, the plant is cut so that only about six strong shoots remain, all others are cut off directly at the bottom. This encourages fruiting and, at the same time, the loose structure ensures that rainwater can quickly dry off the leaves, reducing the risk of mildew. Over the next few years additional strong shoots can be left standing until the bush consists of ten strong main branches. For older plants, which already consist of ten branches, some of the old main branches should be removed each year and some new shoots should be left for this purpose. In order that the structure of the bushes remains loose, are too dense shoots and especially those that grow inward, regularly removed.
proliferation
At the end of October you cut about 40cm long cuttings of mature shoots, the cut should be made necessarily above a bud. The top of the cuttings is chopped immediately above a bud. The spade is used to cut a 20cm deep trench, one side of which is vertical and the other is 45° angled. At the bottom of the ditch you distribute a layer of sand to improve the drainage. The cuttings are placed at intervals of 15cm in the trench. The uppermost buds should remain above the grave edge, then press the soil firmly. The rooted cuttings are treated like young plants.
Pests and diseases
The gooseberry wasp mainly haunts young plants. Their larvae can eat whole bushes in no time. Again, the promotion of beneficials such as hedgehog or shrew can prevent. In case of heavy infestation soap-containing preparations help. Tiny brownish spots that spread quickly are a sign of foliar leaf disease. This foliage must be removed immediately.
Variety selection:
Early varieties
  • Green ball-sized, green fruits with a sweet aroma
  • 'Höning's earliest' - yellow, sweet fruits; medium yield
  • 'Maiherzog' - spherical, red, pleasantly sweet-sour fruits
Mid-early varieties
  • 'Lauffener yellow' yellow fruits with excellent sweetness, high yields
  • 'Red Triumph' - dark red, spherical, sweet-sour fruits
Late varieties
  • 'White Triumph' - green-white fruits with an excellent sweet-and-sour taste

Conclusion of the editorship
Gooseberry bushes or trellises must be cut slightly if they are to provide abundant fruits annually. It is important that not too many scaffolding branches remain, so that the bush is not too dense. Too many side shoots are not cheap. When a trellis is taken to ensure that the berries have plenty of space to ripen. Many branches are not synonymous with many fruits. It is better to make a good impression, to make room.

Video Board: How to take a Gooseberry cutting..

© 2019 EN.Garden-Landscape.com. All Rights Reserved. When Copying Materials - The Reverse Link Is Required | Site Map