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If you think of Sweden, you think of lakes, birch forests, moose and trekking. But gardens? Or even a garden trip? But yes - for example to Gothenburg. The second-largest city in Sweden is organizing a large garden exhibition this year.
The historic Palm House is the landmark of TrädgårdsföreningenThe nearly 500,000-strong Swedish cultural metropolis on the Kattegat is also one of the greenest cities in Scandinavia - each Gothenburg comes around 75 square meters of green space. The city has been particularly green since this year: on the occasion of the exhibition "Gardens of Gothenburg", the largest and most important gardens have been renovated and partially completely redesigned. Overall responsible for the extensive project was Ulf Nordfjell, one of the most renowned landscape architects in Sweden. He won a gold medal at the Chelsea Flower Show 2007 in London for his show garden titled "A Tribute to Linnaeus" - "The Memory of Linnaeus", the famous Swedish physician and botanist.
Do not miss out on the gardens below when visiting Gothenburg.
TrädgårdsföreningenThe centrally located park with the simple name "garden club" exists since the middle of the 19th century. For the exhibition "Gardens of Gothenburg" he was completely restored and partially remodeled. Only the old trees and the historic buildings have been preserved - for example, the 1,000-square-meter Victorian Palm House, which houses palms from all five continents. The environment of the historic glasshouse was returned to its original state of drawing and photos in the 1900s. The Second World War in particular had left severe devastation, which had subsequently only been repaired in a makeshift manner.
During the restoration and remodeling various internationally known garden designers participate, among others Piet Oudolf from Holland, the Englishwoman Julie Toll and the Munich garden architect Heiner Luz. Each of them designed a section of the so-called "Woodlands", as the woodland strip with old trees in the edge area of the park is called.
Another important part of the park is the Rosarium with several thousand varieties of roses. In addition to pure Schaubeten - including numerous Austin roses - there are also mixed beds with roses, grasses and various perennials, which were designed mainly by Piet Oudolf. They are intended to show the manifold uses for the queen of flowers.
Interesting interpretations of the theme of the garden are offered by the 14 themed gardens near the Palm House. Five of them were designed by students from various Swedish universities, the other nine are by established garden architects.
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The entrance of Trädgårdsföreningen.
The rose garden grows several thousand varieties of roses...
... including 'Arthur Sisley' and other Delbard painting roses.
The palm house houses palm species of all five continents.
In front of the palm house are more than 30 years old fuchsias. They are wintered in the greenhouse.
A show garden with wall and seat made of modern exposed concrete.
More Labor than Garden: This article was written by design students from Gothenburg.
The "Garden in a Box": Another student show garden.
This garden design thematizes the "Disposable Society".
Clear forms and strictly cut boxwood characterize this show garden.
The red worm fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) sets in the designed by Heiner Luz "Woodlands" accents.
Botanical GardenThe Botanical Garden on the outskirts of Gothenburg is one of the largest and most species-rich in Europe with 175 hectares. About 40 hectares of which are designed, the rest is used for nature conservation. The plant collection comprises a total of 20,000 different species from all parts of the world.
For the garden exhibition, the entrance was designed with colorful summer flowerbeds representative. Garden fans will also be able to admire Ulf Nordfjell's award-winning "A Tribute to Linnaeus" display garden, which was rebuilt following last year's Chelsea Flower Show at the entrance of the Botanic Gardens.
At various points in the garden are also beautifully designed perennial flowerbeds with some brand new perennials to admire. One of the highlights on the site is the huge rock garden, which has been landscaped with rock formations and watercourses. He alone houses about 6000 different plant species. A visit is a must for botanically and horticulturally interested tourists.
On the way to the rock garden you walk through a rhododendron grove with numerous different species from East Asia and North America.They grow well in the mild, humid coastal climate of southwestern Sweden and have in the course of the decades, in some cases stately sizes.
Also in the Botanical Garden there are interesting temporary exhibitions on the occasion of the "Gardens of Gothenburg". In the greenhouse, the variety of carnivorous plants is presented, there is also a dahlia exhibition with many wild species and a kitchen garden with 40 different, some very old potato varieties.
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Gothenburg Botanical Garden (8)
The newly designed entrance area of the Botanical Garden. From here you can see the view...
... a bed with the image of the Spanish slug. The pest from the Mediterranean has now arrived in Sweden.
In front of the administration building there are more summer flowerbeds.
In the entrance area is also the garden "A Tribute to Linnaeus" by Ulf Nordfjell, the...
... won a gold medal at the 2007 Chelsea Flower Show.
In these new discounts, the designers experimented with different leaf colors.
A large part of the botanical garden is covered with trees. There are many creatively appealing combinations.
At the greenhouse stands a beautiful specimen of cinnamon maple (Acer griseum).
Gunnebo House and GardensGunnebo House is one of the most beautiful country estates in Sweden. The villa and the historic garden were built in 1796 by the rich English merchant John Hall. The special feature: The architect Carl Wilhelm Carlberg not only designed the building and the garden, but also designed the entire inventory such as furniture, curtains and sculptures.
Gunnebo House resembles a neoclassical Italian villa in style, but was built entirely of wood except for the foundations and the pedestal. Skilled carpenters and a white coat of paint make the house hardly distinguishable from the distance of a massive stone house.
The first restoration work began in 1950. They included the house itself, the outbuildings and the garden. Fortunately, most of the plans of the architect are still preserved, so the entire property could be restored to its original state until today. Meanwhile, even the first of four large, lost bronze urns for the formally designed garden was reconstructed and set up according to Carlberg's original drawings.
In a particularly bad condition was the attached kitchen garden, which formerly enriched the lunch of the host. Today, it is organically farmed and the vegetables are offered in the Gunnebo Restaurant, which is housed in one of the outbuildings.
The garden architects Topher Delaney, USA, and Monika Gora, Sweden, as well as the English garden architect John Tizzard, who lives in Sweden, dealt with the question of what the kitchen garden of tomorrow could look like. They erected on the occasion of the garden show ever a model garden on the grounds. The design approaches for the three exhibits are sometimes very philosophical, but definitely worth seeing. Topher Delaney also built a large Land Art object called "Glass House" on the backyard garden.
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Gunnebo House and Gardens (10)
Gunnebo House was built as a representative country estate of a wealthy English merchant just outside Gothenburg.
Behind the house, a staircase leads down to a terrace with boxwood parterres, then...
... we continue down to the back garden.
To the rear of the back garden is the imposing Land Art installation "Glass House" by Topher Delaney.
The large kitchen garden cultivates organic vegetables for the attached restaurant.
Gunnebo's gardening manager, Joakim Seiler, transformed part of the kitchen garden area into a futuristic kitchen garden with herbs and vegetables.
The wooden surround contains two low-current wires that keep the screws away.
Topher Delaney's "Labyrinth Kitchen Garden": The plants grow in plastic bags filled with soil.
Mobility is the theme of Monika Goras "Traveling Kitchen Garden": A mobile home and plants in portable beds.
John Tizzard and Gunilla Bergström explain the idea of their futuristic kitchen garden entitled "Roots".
Some of the exhibitions are temporary and will be dismantled at the end of the year. The refurbished gardens themselves will become more and more beautiful over the years and are still worth a visit next year. More information about the gardens can be found at gardensofgothenburg.com.