The Content Of The Article:
- Prepare the kernels properly
- Cores plants
- Transplant seedlings
- Planting the seedlings outdoors
- The desire for harvest requires patience
- Grapes in the bucket
- frequently asked Questions
- Worth to know about planting wine soon
Have you ever wanted to grow grapes from pips yourself? The vine is not only useful but also very beautiful and also one of the oldest cultivated plants. Here are some tips on how and with which grapes achievements in your own garden can be achieved.
Some of the most important varieties for the home garden
In total there are thousands of grape varieties in the world. Here are some robust grape varieties, which also thrive in the home garden and sometimes in adverse conditions. Phoenix is a robust, vigorous grape that is considered as a table grape. On sunny southeast and west walls, it thrives best. The grape is tolerant to fungi, has no special demands on the soil and is flowering, which makes it suitable as a pergola greenery in wind-open position.
- The variety Nutmeg bleu comes from a Swiss breed and is an ideal table grape for the home garden, which is occasionally also pressed in Switzerland. Perfectly suitable are southeast and west walls. The plant is very robust against pests such as mildew and both for the pergola greenery as well as the free stand in sunny and wind-protected Umgebungperfekt.
- The regent is a offspring from the Kelterrebe. The robust and moderately strong vine is suitable for southeast and west walls. It is fungus and mildew tolerant. As a container plant is the grape, which is also frost-resistant, very good.
- The Palatine is a table grape for sunny southeast or west walls, for the pergola or the fence, or even for a single-peg, which is tough. Birstal nutmeg is a universal table grape, which is particularly popular in commercial organic table grapes cultivation, as it has a very high fungal resistance and also for wet areas with high humidity - for example, in northern Germany - is well suited. Due to its robustness, it can also be kept under glass or the foil tent. Even in wind-open locations in the field, the grape thrives very well.
- The Theresa is originally a late maturing Hungarian breed. It is mushroom tolerant and can be used on south or west walls without intensive shading and in a protected position. The grape is also suitable for the pergola plantation in a sunny and sheltered position.
- The Esther is a fungus-tolerant, Hungarian breed that brings an early ripeness. Rather disadvantaged places and unfavorable climatic conditions like in Northern Germany or in altitudes as well as in the field tolerate this grape easily. In addition, the Esther still brings a high frost hardness.
In order for the planting of the vine to be successful, the kernels must be of optimal quality. The good state of the nuclei is quite simple to recognize. For quality testing, the cores are first pressed individually between the fingers. A good and healthy core then feels solid. Important for the quality inspection is also a visual inspection. A healthy grape has a white or pale gray so-called endosperm, which shimmers under the shell. A water test also provides information about the core quality. If you put the kernels in water, then the healthy kernels sink down. Consequently, all floating cores can be discarded immediately as they will not expel. Germinating nuclei can be recognized:
- Firmness in pressure between fingers
- white or pale gray shimmer through the shell
- Falling down in a bowl of water (floating cores do not germinate)
Prepare the kernels properlyThe selected healthy and germinable seeds are now washed and thoroughly cleaned of dirt and pulp residues. After that, the kernels are soaked in distilled water for 24 hours in a small potty. Especially with grapes, some kernels need a cold period as well as relatively humid climatic conditions before they start the germination process. In nature, the kernel automatically gets these important conditions by spending the winter in the ground. But also for the native germination one can offer the core the perfect conditions. Stratification is the word of success here. This means targeted cold treatment within botany.
The best time to start stratification is December. First, a bed must be prepared for the cores. This is done by filling an airtight bag or other container with soft ground such as paper towels, sand, compost or moistened peat. Peat is the most favorable as a basis, because it has fungicidal properties and avoids mold growth on the cores. Now the cores are filled into the prepared bed and covered with about 1.5 cm of soil. Perfect temperatures for the stratification are 1 to 3° C and so the refrigerator is the perfect storage location. The cores are now stored for two to three months in their cold bed. Attention: Do not freeze!
Cores plantsIn the spring, the cores are taken from their prepared bed to be used in pots filled with high quality soil. The cores should be placed individually in smaller pots or optionally in larger containers, in which case several cores are placed at a distance of at least four centimeters to each other in the larger vessels. Used, the cores must be kept warm. For optimum germination, the cores need a daytime temperature of at least 20° C and a minimum of 15° C at night. A greenhouse offers perfect conditions for germination. The soil must be kept moist but not too wet to germinate the seeds. The wetting with a fine jet of water when the surface is dry is the cheapest. Patience is required during this phase, as the cores do not drift until after two to eight weeks.
Transplant seedlingsWhen the kernels have reached seedlings about 8 cm high, they are transplanted into larger pots. In order for the seedlings to become vigorous, they should be kept indoors or in the hothouse up to a height of 30 cm and until they have about five to six leaves. Only then are the seedlings mature enough to be transplanted into the soil.
Planting the seedlings outdoors- location, drainage, support -
When the seedlings are transplanted outdoors, the choice of location as well as the choice of soil are very important. Wine needs an optimal dose of sun, so no shade, but also no constant, intense sunlight. Seven to eight hours of full sun are enough for the vine. The soil must be well prepared. Wine needs a drained soil. If clay is present as a substrate or a poorly drained soil, the substrate should be enriched with compost, sand or other soil-improving additives to optimize drainage.
Also suitable for the wine is a raised bed, which is filled with a mix of sand and compost. The individual plants must be set at a distance of 2.5 cm. Grape plants must necessarily be supported as vine plants. This requires a scaffold or other stable support. In the first year of growth, sticks are still enough to support the tender vine, so that they are held up from the ground. Later, the plants need a stable support to which they are attached by wire.
The desire for harvest requires patienceThose who grow the vine to obtain a crop of fruits need patience. The vine needs up to three years of growth before it starts to produce fruit. For an optimal harvest the right care is necessary in this time. In the first year, only the three strongest shoots of the plant should stop, all others are removed. This is how to support the growth of the strongest shoots. In the second year, a so-called balancing fertilizer should be used. Inflorescences should now be removed, because the vineyard wastes energy in the early formation of inflorescences. All buds and shoots below the three main shoots should be removed. In the third year, further fertilization and deep buds and shoots are removed, but the inflorescences can now persist. This year, a small grape harvest can already be made. From the fourth year the plant is fertilized and cut.
Grapes in the bucketA vine can also be cultivated in a bucket on the terrace. Then, however, he needs a large pot with a volume of at least 30 liters, because the plant forms very deep roots. It is also important to ensure a good supply of water and nutrients. The fertilizer should contain only little nitrogen, because this only promotes the growth of the leaves, but for a rich harvest of grapes phosphorus is more important. In winter, vines in a bucket need protection against the cold. Then the bucket is wrapped in bubble wrap or fleece and the plant must be poured every now and then on frost-free days, so that the pot ball does not dry out completely.
frequently asked Questions
- Do I have to use the cores in the refrigerator immediately after stratification?
- What to do - the cores do not drive out?
Worth to know about planting wine soonLocation and planting time
- Grapes grow best on a warm house wall to the south, where they are protected from the wind.
- You need a trellis, wires or ropes, along which the shoots are led.
- This climbing aid should be about 3 m high, because the vines grow quickly in a good location and grow several meters per year depending on the variety.
- If several vines are planted next to each other, they need a distance of 2 to 3 m.
- Although grapes can be planted all year round, the best is the foliage-free period from autumn to spring.
- The ideal time for planting is early spring, when the strongest frosts are over.
- In mild climates, it can be planted as early as mid-March, with April more suitable for areas where late frosts are common.
The planting hole for the vine should be about twice as deep and as wide as the pot bale, so that the soil is well loosened and the vines can easily beat new roots. However, the lower part is replenished with potting soil, so that the vines stand out again at the same height from the soil as they had previously stood in the pot.
- It is important that the refining site remains a few centimeters above the surface of the earth.
- Waterlogged grapes do not tolerate waterlogging, therefore a very dense soil is made permeable with some gravel or sand before planting.
- The distance to the house wall should be about half a meter, so that there is enough space for the root system.
- After planting, plenty of watering and also in the following weeks, the newly set vines must be watered regularly.