Rasenschmiele, Waldschmiele - care

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There are many ways to make a garden. Sometimes it is recommended to take nature as a role model. In forests and ponds grows the Rasenschmiele, which is also known as Waldschmiele.
It is reminiscent of tall grass, is easy to plant and needs little care, which makes it an ideal ornamental plant for gardens with ponds, for example, which blooms every summer.
Habitat of the turf, woodland
The Rasenschmiele is also under the Latin name Deschampsia cespitosa cespitosa means "lawn-like". This plant belongs to the so-called Süßgräsern, in the open nature it grows above all in moist forest areas or on moist meadows, but it can be planted as indicated also as an ornamental plant in the domestic garden. They are known for their bright, silvery panicles and the rough leaves, which in the summer set blooming flowers, which differ in color not too much from the stems, at least in the normal Deschampsia cespitosa.
This plant is known for its great growth, but it can also be an annoying weed because of its persistence, especially in an inhospitable environment, less in the home garden. The turf plant has a high tolerance to contaminated soils and thrives not only in nutrient-rich, poorly drained habitats, but also in well-drained, nutrient-poor soils. In some parts of the world, it even grows on volcanic rock and on sandy and pebble beaches. For the garden, however, enough normal humus soil.
Optics, planting and care
One differentiates between two types of Rasenschmiele:

  • The "Tauträger" is the late flowering, the stalks appear taut and upright, they grow between 50 to 100 cm high.
  • The so-called early flowering also bears the name "Tardiflora". Her growth is rather stocky and she grows 60 cm to 100 cm.
There are other special varieties, the seeds of which are to be acquired in the specialized trade, such as the bronze veil and the gold veil, which bloom in the appropriate colors. Whoever needs to describe it, can describe the lawn or woodland pasture as a pretty, graceful and fine-looking grass. It begins to bloom in sunny, or at least half-shady places in early summer. At first, the leaves are green, later they turn slightly yellowish. The grassland has the advantage that it has a late flowering, which is maintained even in winter. It grows with tight upright stalks. It can be planted on normal garden soils, it prefers moisture, so it has to be watered occasionally if it does not rain enough. If you plant them, you should do it in spring and if you leave them for winter, you may have to prune them a bit in the spring for visual reasons, and then they will bloom again in the following June to August.
Planting tips for turf, woodland pasture
Botanists recommend planting the grassland between groups of trees or on pond shores, ie where it also occurs in the wild, especially in forests. In gardens, it fits very well with grassy plantations with other grasses. In general, three to five plants per square meter are planted at a distance of 40 to 60 cm. It is advisable to cut back the grassy mulch by a few centimeters before seed maturity in the fall, as this will prevent self-sowing, which can lead to a very large spread. Otherwise, no further care of the lawn / Waldschmiele is necessary.
Multiply turf
The grassy moss easily re-seeds itself through the seeds that form in its flower spikes, as far as the soil on which the seeds are falling is sufficiently moist. Maybe she can spread too much in the garden. In this case, the inflorescences should be cut off in the fall. Another method of propagating the turf is the division of a larger plant. This division should best take place in the spring.
Worth knowing about the turf-mower shortly
The grassland is used both as ornamental grass and in seed mixtures for lawns, because it is very robust and is therefore also suitable for green areas that are heavily used.
  • Location: Sunny or partially shaded
  • ideally between other grasses, at ponds or between or near wood
  • best time for planting: in spring
  • three to five plants per square meter at a distance of 40 to 60 cm
  • grows up to 100 cm high
  • Time of flowering: June to August
  • Recommendation: Cut back in autumn to prevent self-sowing
  • no further care necessary
The turf plant grows both in the lowlands and in the mountains, throughout Europe and North Asia, but also in the Middle East, China, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, parts of North and Central Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska, Canada. Greenland, the USA and South America. In other words, she is present all over the world. A study from the 1970s showed that deforestation can lead to an almost explosive spread of this plant, because it tolerates the damaged soil very well. Other studies have shown that turf can also become a serious competitor to other plants in swampy areas.
The Rasenschmiele or Waldschmiele is now mostly cultivated as an ornamental plant. The foliage can also be cut as hay. It was also used in the past as a roofing material, keyword: Thatched houses. Incidentally, the rough texture of the leaves and their ingredients make this grass inedible for grazing animals. Even if cows or cattle do not like to eat this plant: horses and rabbits are ready to eat this plant when other food is scarce, their favorite food being caterpillars and some butterfly species. It is noteworthy that the Schmiele is often used for restoration projects in the field of vegetation. In the United States, for example, it is used to stabilize slopes to prevent further landslides.
Conclusion: The big advantage of Rasenschmiele or Waldschmiele is their simplicity. It is easy to plant and needs little care. Visually, she is doing very well, for example on garden ponds.

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