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Grasses and ferns are the perfect companions for rhododendrons and essential for a harmonious overall impression. Unobtrusive, but always present they form the appropriate foreground for the magnificent leading actor - but are far more than just extras. During the rhododendron bloom they act as a soothing counterweight to the overwhelming colourfulness. Before and after, they create charming contrasts with the dark green leaves of the rhododendrons with their filigree structures and the many different shades of green.
Harmonic planting partners
Ferns and rhododendrons have similar location claims
In particular, the ferns, whose demands on soil and light largely coincide with those of the rhododendrons, create a mysterious atmosphere and emphasize the forest character of this part of the garden. Many species are evergreen like the fern ferns (Blechnum) or wintergreen like the shield ferns (Polystichum) and look good all year round. The peacock fern (Adiantum pedatum) has an interesting autumn color and over time covers larger areas without overgrowing. The ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), however, is only recommended for larger areas and well ingrown rhododendrons, as it can spread very strong. A particularly beautiful foliage color shows the rainbow fern (Athyrium niponicum varieties). His fronds shimmer all season in a metallic bronze tone.
Grasses as accompanying plants
The choice of grasses for the shade and partial shade is slightly lower than for sunny places, but there are also real gems here. The yellow-colored Japanese grass (Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola') is just right in the clear shade, in the sun it would turn yellow and grow green in full shade. The overhanging leaves and seeds of the giant sedge form even round clumps and are also in winter a beautiful sight. In summer, their inflorescences form a pretty contrast to the more formal and compact shape of the rhododendrons.
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Grasses and ferns
Ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)
Peacock fern (Adiantum pedatum)
Rainbow Fern 'Pictum' (Athyrium niponicum)
Japanese gold sedge (Carex hachijoensis 'super gold')
Giant sedge (Carex pendula)
Japangra's 'Aureola' (Hakonechloa macra)