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Spring is the best time to replant a grave. If a few simple rules are followed, the grave is also very easy to maintain all year round. Finding a suitable plant is not difficult at all. Early spring flowering plants such as flower bulbs are used, which were planted in the soil last year. Which plants are suitable for grave planting in spring, you can find out here. If you want to completely redesign the tomb, you will also find some ideas for cemetery planting.
Arrangement and distribution of the planting
The grave planting can be easily varied over the course of the year, if a good basis is created. This consists of a few shrubs that create a transition to the grave stone, as well as perennial ground cover. The remaining space is embellished with flowering plants or decorative items. Before framing, the cemetery order should always be studied to see if one or the other plan may be undesirable. The grave looks more appealing, if not just single plants are set and in between the earth is exposed. An arrangement in horizontal and vertical rows usually works too strictly. Guideline values for the use of different plants and the division of the grave area:
1. single grave
- Frame plants: 25%
- Ground cover: 50%
- Replanting: 35%
- Frame plants: 25%
- Ground cover: 60%
- Replanting: 15%
Change planting in spring
An area of the tomb is planned with seasonal changing planting. In the spring, flower bulbs are used here, which can either be planted in the autumn or, alternatively, brought forward or bought as potted plants. Flower bulbs look really nice in smaller groups, possibly in different colors. They dive into the grave in February or March in bright colors, when the rest of the plant world is still in hibernation.
Flowering in February and March
- Spring Anemone
- Carpet phlox (Phlox subulata)
- Violet (Viola odorata)
- Memorial (Omphalodes verna)
- Goose cress (Arabis caucasia or arendsii)
- Garden Carpet Primrose (Primula pruhoniciana)
- Forget-me-not (Myosotis)
- Daffodils (Narcissus)
- Tulips (Tulipa)
- Hyacinths (Hyacinthus)
In order to create a smooth, flowing transition between the flat grave area and the tombstone, low trees or bushes, which also grow slowly. A combination of deciduous shrubs and conifers in just one back corner of a double grave looks especially pretty. In individual graves the place usually only enough for a single wood.
Suitable frame plants:
- tree of life
- Cypresses, mussel cypresses
- short-grown maple species
- Judas tree
- Rhododendrons and azaleas
In the grave design in spring ground cover are always recommended as part of the planting. Not only do they prevent uncontrolled weed growth, they also shade the ground during the warmer days, resulting in less moisture loss. In addition, the ground-covering plants form a pretty frame for the flowering plants. With ground cover you can create beautiful shapes on the grave area. For the grave planting, especially evergreen ground cover, which grow very flat above the ground. Many of these plants not only decorate the grave all year round through their foliage, but also develop white or colored berries in late summer. Ideal for the cemetery planting in spring are the following ground cover:
- Ivy (Hedera helix)
- Creeping spindle (Eonymus fortunei)
- Evergreen (Vinca minor)
- Upholstery thyme
- Haselwurz (Asarum europaeum): shade tolerant
- Gold strawberry (Waldsteinia): shade tolerant
- Real partridge berry (Mitchella repens)
- Cat paw (Antennaria): for dry, sandy soils
- Hunger flowers (Draba verna)
- St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum): dry-resistant
- Purple bell (Heuchera): varieties for full sun or shade
- Carpet Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster dammeri radicans)
- Dickmännchen (Pachysandra terminalis): also for shady places
- Shadow bells (Pieris japonica)
- Spring cinquefoil (Potentilla neumanniana): dry-resistant
In the background right or left one or two (in double grave) trees of life, cypress or boxwood trees. The remaining grave is divided into areas and provided with ground cover and Wechselbepflanzung. If parts of the grave are not to be planted, the soil is covered with bark mulch or gravel. Eventually, a stone slab can be laid out in the front area to later place a grave light or a wreath there.
Ideas for individual graves
1. combination of triangles
Draw a triangle over almost the entire length of the tomb with the tip forward. In the middle, the triangle is interrupted by a strip (vertical) about 20-30 centimeters wide.
- Frame plant: Boxwood (Buxus) on the back left
- Ground cover: Creeping spindle (Eonymus fortunei), variant Emerald Gaiety for the triangle on the right and left, variant Minimus for the middle
- Alternate planting: large-flowered pansies
Before the frame plants, the grave area is divided into two parts, wavy from front to back to the grave stone.
- Frame plants: Muscular cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), in front of it blue creeping juniper (Juniperus squamata) at the back left
- Ground cover: small specimen Blue creeping juniper on the front right, upholstered thyme on the left (mostly purple)
- Alternate planting: white tulips in combination with white carpet phlox
Aral thirds, quadrants and wavy lines of ground cover and alternate planting. The replant planting comes in the middle, the ground cover to the right and left.
- Frame plant: Judas tree (Cercis canadensis)
- Groundcover: cat paw (Antennaria carpatica) and upholstered thyme
- Alternate planting: white, filled daffodils
At the back right one or two frame plants are set. In the quadrant below and before that come ground cover. Create a quarter circle from ground covers in the front right. Place 2-3 roses in the area between them. The vacancies are filled with seasonal planting.
- Frame plant: Muscular cypress
- Ground cover: White-colored creeping spindle (Eonymus fortunei, variant Emerald Gaiety), ground cover roses
- Alternate planting: Blue cushion (Aubrieta), in between crocuses or daffodils
1. Diagonal division with circular area
Under the framework plants (far right) the grave is planted extensively with ground cover. In the area on the front right, you save a circle of about 60-80 centimeters in size, in which the alternating planting is used. Two different ground covers are used, which divide the grave diagonally across the bow or wave (rear left to front right). Instead of the simple circle, a yin-yang symbol or other images can be created with different colors.
- Frame plant: Japanese maple
- Groundcover: carpet-dwarf medlar (Cotoneaster dammeri) and creeping spindle (Euonymus fortunei)
- Alternate planting: horned violet
Somewhat behind the half of the area, an approximately 30 centimeters wide, wavy strip is created from right to left for the alternate planting. Forwards and backwards there are different ground covers.
- Frame plant: Ilex (possibly in topiary)
- Ground cover: Periwinkle (Vinca minor) in the back and hunger flower (Draba verna) in front
- Alternate planting: crocuses, then white, violet or blue pansies
The surface is divided into three parts (from front to back). The left surface should be slightly larger than the other two. The alternate planting is created a bit further forward than in the middle of the left and middle fields. Good effect is a about 60-80 centimeters large heart shape or teardrop shape for the Wechselbepflanzung.
- Frame plants: Muscular cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), diagonally in front of it Blue creep juniper (Juniperus squamata)
- Groundcover: Cotoneaster dammeri Variant of Frieder's Evergreen (center), right and left Eonymus fortunei variant Emerald Gaiety
- Alternate planting: first tulips, later hornbeams
So that the grave planting can thrive well and stay beautiful for a long time, it is very important to pay attention to the external conditions. In addition to the lighting conditions, the soil condition is of crucial importance for the planting. The plants should be selected according to site conditions.
Tip: In spring, some fertilizer in the form of compost or slow-release fertilizer (horn shavings, blue seed) should be applied.
In the grave planting in spring, flower bulbs in combination with early-flowering perennials (flowering plants) form an ideal combination. As the bulbous plants wither, the springblooms grow up and over time obscure the dying leaves of the bulbous plants. This is how the tomb looks well maintained.