Indoor green plants - the most popular indoor plants


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Kentia palm - Howea forsteriana

Houseplants have been with us humans for a long time. While in the Middle Ages it was usually native plants that brought people into the house, the gathering of exotic plants in the 16th century became a hobby that only the nobility could afford. Since the end of the 19th century, plants have simply been added as decorative objects in homes and apartments. Nowadays, there is an infinite variety of indoor plants. There is something for every taste and for almost every location - regardless of whether you have a green thumb or not.It does not always have to be flowering houseplants that create a great atmosphere in the room. Even green plants can spread an irresistible charm. The attractive foliage of a dragon tree or even the bizarre growth form of a succulent plant such as the elephant's foot are real eye-catchers and match every style of furnishing.
It's probably no wonder that it's the sturdy and easy-care plants that are especially popular as houseplants. Among them are many exotic plants that have been decorating window sills and hanging baskets for hundreds of years. We have put together the 16 most popular indoor plants for you.

1. Bark Fig (Ficus benjamini)

Although the birch fig visually resembles the rubber tree, it differs practically but above all, by the significantly higher maintenance costs. A birch fig, also known as Benjamin or Ficus benjamini, originally comes from the Indian region and usually develops a main stem with a broad crown. Numerous, pointed waxy leaves grow on the shoots. As you grow older, the tree sheds something inside while its branches overhang.
Tip: Birch figs are very sensitive to relocation and temperature changes. However, those who offer the birch fig but a partially shady location in the always consistently warm apartment and pour it regularly behave, will have years of enjoyment of the green plant.

2nd sheet hemp (Sansevieria)

Another very popular houseplant is the Sansevieria, also called bow hemp. She is originally from warm, tropical areas and therefore loves it warm all year round. The numerous types of sheet hemp can be divided into two groups: The first group grows with vertically uplifted leaves, which are usually roundish or oval in cross-section. The second group forms single leaves which grow strictly upwards and originate from a rosette. The Sansevierien are good with bright, but also quite dark locations and need only occasionally some water and even less common fertilizer. Even plants that were not accidentally poured for weeks usually survive these abuses completely unscathed.

3. Dieffenbachie (Dieffenbachia)

The Dieffenbachie is one of the most famous houseplants, which is not surprising, because the originating from the tropical rainforest greenhouse is very easy to maintain - even in winter. The Dieffenbachie belongs to the arum family and therefore forms only very inconspicuous flowers. However, the green plant does not need any special flowers, since its evenly shaped leaves, which are dotted or dashed depending on the variety, either in white or yellow shades, are already eye-catching. Even beginners can not do much wrong with the foliage plant.

4. Dragon Tree (Dracaena)

Money Tree - Crassula

The Geldbaum, also called Pfennigbaum or Speckeiche, belongs to the family of the thick-leafed plants and is native to South Africa. Its most striking feature is its fleshy, round leaves, resembling a coin in size and shape. A money tree likes it bright and warm, but it does not tolerate direct sunlight. Its leaves quickly burn, turn silvery and fall off. The thick-leafed plant gets along almost without nutrients and thrives well in permeable cactus soil. While it only needs to be watered moderately in the summer months, the money tree comes out in winter almost without moisture.

7. Green lily (Chlorophytum)

A particularly vigorous traffic light plant without any great claims is the green lily, whose pure green or white-striped leaves hang down like a crested creature. Green lilies are represented in our homes and offices by a fairly large number of different varieties. The green lily likes bright, like direct sunlight in winter. The warmer and brighter the plant stands, the more abundant it must be cast, because the green lily likes it in the summer months like something moister.

8. Rubber tree (Ficus elastica)

Originally based in Asia, the rubber tree with its large, dark green leaves has been decorating our rooms for a long time. He is with his evergreen leaves all year round an ornament and is considered quite frugal.The popular houseplant loves a bright location and should be exposed to warm temperatures over 18 degrees all year round. With good care, the rubber tree is very old and big, but can be easily cut. Although the rubber tree has no patterned or colored leaves, it is always an experience when a new leaf grows: Before the deep green leaf unfolds, it first grows in a red bract, which wraps the actual leaf like a bag.

9. Piston thread (Aglaonema)

In the genus of Aglaonema, which belongs to the arum family, are many decorative houseplants to find. Most varieties of Aglaonema do not grow taller than one meter and grow very dense and bushy. Their lush green leaves are usually greyish or creamy patterned. Although the green plant also produces flowers, these are not very noticeable, as is typical for most of the arum family. There are also cultivars of the Philippine plant, which has a reddish appearance on the leaf margins.

10. Basket Marant (Calathea)

One of the green plants with the most beautiful leaf drawing is the Korbmarante. Occasionally, this plant also produces flowers, but these go almost a bit under the extravagant leaves. A Calathea grows only about 40 cm high, but its leaves are very long in some varieties in old age. The drawing on the leaves in green, red, brown and silver tones is very delicate and forms depending on the variety completely different patterns. Originally the Korbmarante comes from the tropical Amazon, where it thrives in the shade of large trees. So it likes the plants in the room also halbschattig and humid.

11. Palm trees

Kentia palm - Howea forsteriana

Palm trees are the epitome of a holiday on exotic beaches. Probably that's why the plants are among the most popular foliage plants in our homes. The real palm trees are divided into two groups: the fied palms and the fan palms. But not all green plants that bear the name palm, are also among the real palm trees. Many of these plants only have the growth and appearance of a palm, but are no less common in our homes. The most popular palms include:
  • Mountain palm (Chamaedorea elegans)
  • Gold fruit palm (Dypsis lutescens, formerly Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
  • Hemp palm (Trachycarpus)
  • Kentia Palm (Howea)
  • Priest Palm (Washingtonia)
  • Stick Palm (Rhapis excelsa)

12. Philodendron

Most species of the philodendron are among the climbers. The tree friend, also called Baumlieb, usually grows in nature on other plants such as large trees, forming his characteristic aerial roots. These cling to the bark of the tree and provide the plant with good support. Philodendrons are available in different species, which have different leaf shapes, but are always thick and leathery. Some species grow vigorously and have to be attached to a trellis, others have a rather bushy growth and can easily be cultivated without climbing aid.

13. Radiation Aralie (Schefflera)

In its Asian and Australian homeland, the ray artery can become as big as a tree. In the room, the growth of the evergreen plant is limited. In general, it does not become higher than a shrub. Characteristic of a Schefflera are their leaves: usually seven green or variegated pointed-oval leaves radiate out of a common stem out. Particularly decorative are specimens on a high trunk or with braided trunks.

14. Palme Lily (Yucca)

Yucca palm - palm-mint

The palm, which is not really one: the yucca palm. Actually, the Yucca belongs to the asparagus plants. It adorns many homes with its attractive, sword-shaped leaves, which in old age grow as a leaf-head on a stem-like shoot. The Yucca does not need much care so that it grows healthy and strong until old age. Finally, the green plant is native to Central America, where it has prevailed under relatively barren conditions in desert areas. The trunk can easily be up to several meters high, but can be easily cut. The most common houseplant species is the Yucca elephantipes.

15. Miraculous shrub, Croton (Codiaeum veriegatum)

The miraculous shrub, also called croton or crab flower, is especially popular as a houseplant, because its leaves are very decorative. The smooth, leathery foliage shines in the most beautiful autumn colors - and in every season. Some species have large, oak-like leaves, others have the leaves rather elongated or belt-shaped. There are now countless varieties with different patterns. In addition, the plant originating from Southeast Asia has also become much less sensitive due to targeted crossbreeding, so that the miraculous shrub today is one of the easy-care wolf milk plants for the room culture.

16. Zamioculas (Zamioculas zamiifolia)

The Zamie is a true heroine among the green plants. She is not only robust, she forgives almost every neglect on the part of the gardener.The Zamioculas does not only manage with a minimum of care, it is also one of the few indoor plants that can cope with shady lighting conditions. Little or irregular watering, dry or rather humid air, light or shade - it does not matter, the Zamie grows anyway.

The right location

When choosing the right green plant for the apartment, you will come across a sheer infinite wealth of different plants. But which is the right one? The most important criterion is the right location. What many hobby gardeners do not know is that the plant itself already gives a lot of information about their needs.
  • pointed leaves: act like a rain gutter, indicating high rainfall or / and high humidity
  • thin, very tender leaves: sign for a partially shaded location with high humidity
  • big, soft leaves: a lot of heat and water, the blazing sun should be avoided
  • leathery, low-juice leaves: a bright place with a few hours of sun a day
  • Needle-shaped or very fleshy leaves: suggest a sunny, warm location
tip: The more colorful the leaves are, the brighter the location must be.
Conclusion
It is mostly the exotic plants that bring a very special atmosphere to our home. Many tropical plants are used to consistently warm temperatures throughout the year and therefore keep their foliage year-round. Optimal conditions for cultivation in the room. Among the most popular indoor plants are especially those species that have particularly attractive growth habit, form patterned or even colorful leaves and are also quite easy to maintain.

Video Board: 25 Indoor Plants for Low Light.

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