Large-leaved lady's mantle - planting, caring and cutting

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Anyone who wants to quickly plant large beds will be well advised to go with the large-leaved lady's mantle. It grows quickly and is also easy to care for.

Large-leaved lady's coat

The Großblättrige lady's mantle is one of the rose plants and is a widespread in Europe, Africa and Asia plant species, which is particularly common in mountainous areas. The lady's mantle occurs in about 1,000 species. In addition to the large-leaved lady's mantle, around 300 other species thrive across Europe. For the most part, these plants serve as cattle feed. Only a comparatively small part can be found as an ornamental plant in the garden bed again.

Especially in natural gardens, the large-leaved lady's mantle with its showy leaves and small, rather inconspicuous flowers is often found. The plant can grow up to half a meter in height and does not tire of self-sowing, which can quickly lead to the fact that the well-known as a medicinal plant lady's mantle takes over the direction in the bed and displaces other plants. Incidentally, the small, radish, light green and rather inconspicuous flowers appear between June and July. Some lady's mantle species also bloom between May and September.

Origin and distribution

The large-leaved lady's mantle (Alchemilla mollis) has a wide-ranging natural range. This extends from the mountain regions of Romania to the western parts of Russia, the north of Turkey, the Caucasus regions and the north of Iran. There, the plants are increasingly found on river banks, in sparse forests or in meadows. Today, the plant has also become native to much of Europe, Asia and Africa.

Large-leaved lady's mantle - The easy-care "weed"

The large-leaved lady's mantle not only appears robust and long-lasting in the garden bed, but also quite dominant. The plant makes little demands on the soil and can tolerate prolonged drought. Once settled in the garden, it can not easily be replaced and grows literally like weeds. Another problem: The Großblättrige lady's mantle is a particularly active Selbstaussäer. Not infrequently sprout new offshoot even from wall cracks and between paving stones. So the plant needs some control. It also makes sense to make a radical pruning after the main flower.

Healing effect of the woman's coat

The healing effect of the plant is not to be underestimated and gained early importance. This is indicated by plant names, which have been created in the vernacular. Some popular names of the plant are:

  • woman Help
  • woman skirt
  • Marie herb
  • Madonna mantle
  • women coat

The gynecology was thus considered the main application of the plant. Already in antiquity, glandular diseases were cured with plant extracts. A tea from the dried herb may also be helpful in a number of other ailments. This can be attributed to the tannins, bitter substances and tannins contained in the plant. The effect of the women's coat is described above all as calming, hematopoietic, diuretic and antispasmodic and can provide relief for the following symptoms:

  • cold
  • fever
  • bloating
  • insomnia
  • diarrhea
  • asthma
  • kidney failure

But note: Self-indulgent self-treatment is discouraged. Consultation with a doctor or alternative practitioner is important.

Plant large-leaved lady's mantle - this is important to note

Planting time for the large-leaved lady's mantle is the spring. The robust plants generally thrive best in a sunny to partially shaded location. The soil should also be permeable and sandy. The plant also does not like to dry. In many gardens, the lady's mantle is therefore used as a planting of pond edges. A beautiful ensemble in the bed, the lady's mantle also offers in combination with bluebells, lavender or roses.

What to look for when choosing a location?

The plants thrive in sun as partial shade well. If the location is too shady, the plant is less abundant and the flowers remain smaller than usual. In ideal locations, however, the plant will spread quickly. There she can even forget forget-me-nots, cranesbills, yarrow or other plants with similar demands on the site. Wherever the plant spreads, no other weed has a chance. The fact that the plant feels comfortable at the chosen location can be recognized by its dense vegetation.

How should the soil be?

As a rule, the large-leaved lady's mantle can handle any conventional garden floor. However, he prefers a sandy and humus rich soil, which can provide the plant with a uniform moisture. Therefore, he also favors a location on pond edges.Since the common lady's mantle can grow up to 50 centimeters high, the plant falls there impressively in the eye. Since the lady's mantle loves wet, but he can not tolerate waterlogging, the soil should be permeable and best have a drainage.

So plant the big-leaved lady's mantle properly

Since the lady's mantle is also widespread in nature in our latitudes, there is nothing wrong with providing plants in the woods and meadows. You must make sure that you take only one young plant from each stock. An advantage of these plants is that they are already very well adapted to the respective site conditions and thus can be planted without problems in the garden bed. Proceed as follows:

  1. Select location
  2. Planting hole (planting distance should be between 20 and 30 centimeters)
  3. Insert plant up to the cotyledons
  4. Fill planting hole with soil
  5. Press on earth
  6. Check with a planting wood, if sufficient soil is available
  7. Water plants

Sowing Lady's Mantle - That's how it works

If no more severe frosts are to be expected, you can sow the seeds of the woman's coat directly in the field. Since they are light germs, you should not completely cover the seeds with earth, but just loosely apply the soil and press something down or lightly so that the wind does not carry it away. Rearing the plants is not a problem, so even less experienced hobby gardeners will succeed.

Care tips for the Großblättrigen lady's mantle

Since the large-leaved lady's mantle is a robust plant, you have a relaxed garden year ahead. However, some care measures are definitely beneficial for the plant to grow well and to please you with rich flowering. In spring, for example, you can enrich the soil with composting. Provide additional nutrient supply by mulching the soil. This also increases the moisture retention. The plant needs enough water. Waterlogging should be avoided.

Tip: You should always keep the leaves of the plant as dry as possible. The large-leaved lady's mantle has particularly soft leaves, which can be quickly attacked in the wet by rust fungus or mildew.

❍ pouring:

Casting will present you with some challenges. The plant requires sufficient water, but does not tolerate waterlogging. During prolonged drought, the plant tolerates a watering several times a day. In order to avoid unnecessarily moisturizing the leaves and making them vulnerable to disease, it is advisable to water in the early morning hours, so that the moisture can evaporate during the day and the plant is not unnecessarily burdened.

❍ Fertilize:

If you work compost around the plant into the ground in spring, the large-leaved lady's mantle is usually sufficiently supplied with nutrients. In particularly nutrient-poor soils, a commercially available liquid fertilizer with guano content can additionally be used. Fertilize should be more sporadic and only during the growing season.

Many plants in the garden bed are sensitive to over-fertilized soil. The lady's mantle can have a balancing effect here because the plant absorbs nitrogen from the soil and thus influences the nutrient content of the soil.

❍ pruning:

The large-leaved lady's mantle does not necessarily have to be cut. However, it is often necessary if other plants in the bed should also get a chance for healthy growth. Because the Großblättrige lady's mantle spreads under optimal site conditions almost rapidly. If this is not desired, a radical pruning is recommended in autumn. Even after the first flowering can be cut back. It quickly come to new leaves to light and usually also sets a renewed flowering. The uncontrolled spread can prevent you only with a complete pruning.

The large-leaved lady's mantle is one of the higher-growing species. After strong wind and rain, the plants are therefore often pushed to the ground. Again, the pruning is safe. After only a few weeks, the plant again has a stately size and shows young green.

❍ overwintering:

The Großblättrige lady's coat is hardy and requires no special frost protection in the bed. Cut all plant parts back to the ground in the fall, the plant will come through the winter well and quickly repels in spring.

Some species of the plant family are less robust and are considered only partially winterized. In this case, a layer of compost protects the plants from severe frosts.

So multiply the large-leaved lady's mantle

Large-leaved lady's mantle flowers

The propagation of the plant is easily possible by division. The plants are divided in the spring, before the growth period begins. To do this, carefully split the rhizomes to preserve the unusually fine roots.However, do not use spades or similar sharp tools to split the rhizomes. The division by hand spares the thin fiber roots.

If you do not stop the spreading of the woman's coat, you do not need to worry about an increase because the plant spreads very quickly by itself.

Detect and combat pests and diseases

The robust plant is rarely attacked by pests and even completely avoided by snails. Waterlogging and unfavorable site conditions weaken the plant, making it vulnerable to pests. Isolated pests are:

  • aphids
  • cicadas
  • caterpillars

However, the biggest enemy of the plant is waterlogging. If the roots rot, the plant is usually beyond saving. A fungal infection can also mean the death sentence for the large-leaved lady's mantle.

❍ Viroses - aphids at work:

If the plant is attacked by aphids, viruses can be transmitted. The clinical picture depends on the virus strain. The leaves of the plant appear bright and dark pied. This is referred to in the jargon as mosaic. On the underside of leaves also show punctate or line-like brown-black Nektrosen, which appear like ink blotter. The plant remains in growth back into the leaves curl up.

➩ What to do?

With a small infestation, it is sufficient if you collect the aphids. If it is a major infestation, you should lure ladybugs in the garden. Aphids are on their menu. Otherwise, it will also help if you spray the plant with soapy water or nettle gout (recipe for nettle gruel).

❍ powdery mildew - real danger:

The powdery mildew can be a real danger to the otherwise almost indestructible Großblättrigen lady's mantle. Most of the leaves of the plants are attacked. Here then shows a white, reminiscent of flour topping. In the advanced stage, the fungal plexus forms suction organs, which extract the nutrients from the leaves. These then begin to curl up, discolor and dry out. Treat the powdery mildew not in time, the whole plant dies.

➩ What to do?

If the large-leaved lady's mantle is infested then you should loosen and mulch the soil, regularly remove the weeds around the plant and possibly cut them back severely. If this alone is not enough, then it helps if you spray the plant with a milk-water mixture or fennel, aniseed or horsetail extract (recipe for field horsetail extract). Otherwise, preparations based on silica-sodium also help.

Video Board: Lady's Mantle - Alchemilla vulgaris.

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